B

Fig. 5.61 Potential vorticity contours (upperpanel) in a basin with a mid-ocean ridge (lowerpanel). The mean depth of the abyssal layer is H and the maximal height of the ridge is B.

Fig. 5.61 Potential vorticity contours (upperpanel) in a basin with a mid-ocean ridge (lowerpanel). The mean depth of the abyssal layer is H and the maximal height of the ridge is B.

The interfacial displacement at point a(x = 0) is obtained by integrating Eqn. (5.99) backward along the characteristic q1 = const. Along this characteristic

thus, we have

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