Abstract

Kuwait's water resources are limited to desalinated water, brackish water and wastewater. In Kuwait, seawater desalination is the main source of freshwater required by all demand sectors.

Other marginal supplies come from groundwater and bottled water. Freshwater is commercially produced by seawater desalination by two main processes, i.e., multistage distillation flash (MSF) and reverse osmosis (RO).

This paper contains detailed information regarding drinking water in Kuwait in terms of system configuration, production rate and water quality standards. It also focuses on the implementation of membrane separation systems (i.e., reverse osmosis) for the production of freshwater from both seawater and brackish water.

Keywords: Multistage flash, membrane, bottled water, groundwater.

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