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Data Source: Bondelid et al. (2000)

Notes: Industrial load is sum of minor and major industrial dischargers. Population Served in 1996 = 189.7 million 1 metric ton per day = 1.2427 (million lb per year)

Municipal and Industrial Water Withdrawals by Major River Basin: 1940-1995

tables

H-1 Public water supply freshwater withdrawals (million gallons per day, mgd) H-2 Self-supplied industrial water use (million gallons per day, mgd)

figures

H-1 Trends in public water supply withdrawals and per capita use, 1940-1995.

Sources: USDOC, 1975; Solley et al. 1998. H-2 Trends in Self-Supplied Industrial Water Withdrawals and Industrial Production Index, 1940-1995. Sources: USDOC (1996); Solley et al. (1998); Board of Governors of Federal Reserve System.

data sources for municipal and industrial water use

1940 Municipal water use river basin subtotals not available; USA total of 10,000

mgd from USDOC (1975). 1940 Industrial water use; USA total of 29,000 mgd from USDOC (1996), p. 233. 1945 Municipal water use river basin subtotals not available; USA total of 12,000

mgd from USDOC (1975); industrial water use data not available. 1950 MacKichan (1951); municipal water use river basin subtotals not available; USA total of 13,640 mgd from MacKichan (1951); industrial water use USA total of 77,216 mgd reported in MacKichan (1951)as 5,525 mgd (groundwater) and 71,691 mgd (surface water) included cooling water withdrawals; data adjusted by 40,000 mgd as given in 1980 USGS Water Use report (Solley et al., 1983). 1955 MacKichan (1957); river basins (regions) defined as:

01 New England = North Atlantic

02 Mid-Atlantic = Upper Hudson + Lower Hudson + Delaware + Chesapeake

03 South Atlantic-Gulf = Southeast

04 Great Lakes = Eastern Great Lakes/St.Lawrence + Western Great Lakes

05 Ohio

06 Tennessee = Tennessee-Cumberland

07 Upper Mississippi

08 Lower Mississippi

09 Souris Red Rainy = N/A, included in total for Missouri-Hudson Bay

10 Missouri = Missouri-Hudson Bay + Souris Red Rainy

11 Arkansas-White-Red

12 Texas-Gulf = Western Gulf

13 Rio Grande = N/A, included in Western Gulf

14 Upper Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

15 Lower Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

16 Great Basin

17 Pacific Northwest

18 California = South Pacific

1960 MacKichan and Kammerer (1957); river basins (regions) defined as:

01 New England

02 Mid-Atlantic = Delaware-Hudson + Chesapeake

03 South Atlantic-Gulf = South Atlantic + Eastern Gulf

04 Great Lakes = Eastern Great Lakes/St.Lawrence + Western Great Lakes

05 Ohio

06 Tennessee = Tennessee-Cumberland

07 Upper Mississippi

08 Lower Mississippi

09 Souris Red Rainy = Hudson Bay

10 Missouri = Upper Missouri + Lower Missouri

11 Arkansas-White-Red = Upper Arkansas-Red + Lower Arkansas-Red

12 Texas-Gulf = Western Gulf

13 Rio Grande = N/A, included in Western Gulf

14 Upper Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

15 Lower Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

16 Great Basin

17 Pacific Northwest

18 California = South Pacific

1965 Murray (1968); river basins (regions) defined as:

01 New England

02 Mid-Atlantic = Delaware-Hudson + Chesapeake

03 South Atlantic-Gulf = South Atlantic + Eastern Gulf

04 Great Lakes = Eastern Great Lakes/St.Lawrence + Western Great Lakes

05 Ohio

06 Tennessee = Tennessee-Cumberland

07 Upper Mississippi

08 Lower Mississippi

09 Souris Red Rainy = Hudson Bay

10 Missouri = Upper Missouri + Lower Missouri

11 Arkansas-White-Red = Upper Arkansas-Red + Lower Arkansas-Red

12 Texas-Gulf = Western Gulf

13 Rio Grande = N/A, included in Western Gulf

14 Upper Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

15 Lower Colorado = N/A, included as total for Colorado Basin

16 Great Basin

17 Pacific Northwest

18 California = South Pacific 1970 Murray and Reeves (1972) 1975 Murray and Reeves (1977) 1980 Solley et al.(1983)

1985 Solley et al. (1988); industrial water use data taken from Table 11, total

= fresh and saline withdrawals + fresh and saline consumptive uses 1990 Solley et al.(1993); industrial water use data taken from Table 3, total withdrawals (groundwater + surface) = commercial + industrial + mining (fresh and saline)

1995 Solley et al.(1998); industrial water use data taken from Table 3, total withdrawals (groundwater + surface) = commercial + industrial + mining (fresh and saline)

Public Supply Public (water) supply refers to water withdrawn (from freshwater sources) by public and private water suppliers and delivered to a variety of users for domestic or household use, public uses, industrial and commercial uses. Domestic uses include drinking, food preparation, bathing, washing clothes and dishes, toilet flushing, watering lawns and gardens. Public uses include firefighting, street washing, municipal parks and swimming pools. Industrial and commercial establishments use public water supplies as either their primary source or as a supplemental source. Commercial users include hotels, restaurants, laundry services, public and private office facilities, and civilian and military institutions (Solley et al., 1983).

Self-Supplied Industrial Self-supplied industrial water use is categorized as "other" self-supplied water uses; thermoelectric power (electric utility) water withdrawals are not included in Table H-2. "Other" self-supplied water using industries include, but are not limited to, steel, chemical and allied products, paper and allied products, mining and petroleum refining (Solley et al., 1983). Beginning with the 1985 report, mining and commercial water uses were excluded from the statistics for "other" self-supplied industrial uses (Solley et al., 1988).

Industrial Production Index Monthly Industrial Production Index (IPI) data from 1936-2000 averaged over 5-year periods (1936-1940, 1941-1945, ... , 1986-1990, 1991-1995). IPI data published by Board of Governors of U. S. Federal

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