Plasma Membrane Cytoplasmic Membrane

Surrounded externally by the cell wall and composed of a lipopro-tein complex, the plasma membrane or cell membrane is the critical barrier separating the inside of the cell from the outside (Figure 8.3). About 7 to 8 pm thick and comprising 10 to 20% of the dry weight of a bacterium, the plasma membrane controls the passage of all material into and out of the cell. The inner and outer faces of the plasma membrane are embedded with water-loving (hydrophilic) lips, whereas the interior is hydrophobic. Control of material into the cell is accomplished by screening, as well as by electric charge. The plasma membrane is the site of the surface charge of the bacteria.

In addition to serving as an osmotic barrier that passively regulates the passage of material into and out of the cell, the plasma membrane participates in the entire active transport of various substances into the bacterial cell. Inside the membrane, many highly reactive chemical groups guide the incoming material to the proper points for further reaction. This active transport system provides bacteria with certain advantages, including the ability to maintain a fairly constant intercellular ionic state in the presence of varying external ionic concentrations. In addition to participating in the uptake of nutrients, the cell membrane transport system participates in waste excretion and protein secretions.

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

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