Subject Index

AAO process 253 absorption 90

- equilibrium 297 acenaphthene 209 acetate 171ff. acetogenics, see bacteria acidogenic bacteria, see bacteria Acinetobacter sp. 244

activated sludge model (ASM) 275ff. activated sludge process 16, 119ff., 215, 267ff.

- model for optimizing 271

- modelling 267ff.

- reactor 138

activated sludge reactor 138 ADP 59 aeration 90ff.

- forced 153

- natural 153

- rate 158f. aerator 97, 108

- aeration time 108

- efficiency 97 aerobic degradation 70

- direct 215

- metabolite 216

- organic substance 70

aerobic wastewater treatment 119ff.,

151ff., 223ff., 367ff. air flow rate 101 Akrofil PGM 217 algae 224 alkalinity 282 n-alkane 207ff

- chlorinated 196 amino acids 45

6-amino naphthalene 2-sulfonic acid (6-A 2-NSA) 213

amino-nitrotoluene 206 ammonia 223ff., 242 ammonium 229, 243f.

- formation by anoxic hydrolysis of heterotrophs 281

- nitrogen 281

anabolismus 59ff., 69ff., 182, 279

- nitrification 229 anaerobic degradation 169ff. ANAMMOX process (anaerobic ammonium oxidation) 243 anthracene 209 anticodon 52 AO Phoredox process 253 AO process 253 aromatic amine degradation 216 Arrhenius equation 47, 236 ASM, see activated sludge model asphalt 207 ATP 59, 173

- production 177, 237 autotrophic bacteria, see bacteria azo dye 211ff.

- anaerobic reduction 215

- biodegradation 215

b bacteria 43, 169

- acetogenic 169ff.

- acidogenic 169ff.

- aerobic 281

- anaerobic 169

- anoxic 281

- autotrophic 228, 280f.

- chemolitho-autotrophic 175, 237ff.

- denitrifying 237

- dimensionless concentration 273

- facultative aerobic 249

- heterotrophic 281

- methanogenic 169ff., 249

- molecule 182

- morphology 43

- nitrifying 228ff., 280

- polyphosphate-accumulating 248

- sulfate-reducing 211

- sulfur-reducing 216 bacterial balance 186 bacterial decay 74, 269

bacterial growth, oxygen consumption

267 balance 272

- real balance yield 336 p-base 216

batch reactor 119ff.

- high initial concentration of bacteria 119

- low initial concentration of bacteria 122

bed reactor

- anaerobic expanded and fluidized 191

- fixed bed reactor 154ff. bicarbonate, sodium (NaHCO3 ) 238 'Bio-Hochreaktor' 145

biochemical oxygen demand (BODn) 34f.

- BOD5 (biochemical oxygen demand over 5 days without nitrification) 29, 157

biocorrosion 151 biodegradability 195, 203 biofilm 151ff., 163, 189ff., 200, 237ff.

- heterogeneous 151

- reactor 152

- resistance 164

- surface 164

- system 151ff.

biological nutrient removal 223 biological reaction 160 biomass

- autotrophic 279

- decay 279

- heterotrophic 279 Biot number 163 Bodenstein number 136 brewing industry 29 Brocadia 243

bubble 100, 154

- column 98f. butyrate 171ff.

c carbon

- inorganic 37

- organic 37

carbon consumption for bacterial growth

carbon dioxide production rate 76 carbon removal 144, 267ff.

- model 267ff.

- modelling the influence of aeration 272

- without bacterial decay 270 carbonate

- sodium (Na2CO3) 238 carbonhydrate 169ff catabolismus 59f., 69ff., 169ff., 182, 279

- aerobic 238

- nitrification 229 cellulose production 30 chemical industry 30, 333ff.

chemical oxygen demand (COD) 28ff., 157, 195, 278

chemolitho-autotrophic bacteria 175, 237ff. chemoorgano-heterotrophic sulfate reducer 175 chemostat 122, 187 chlorine 196 chlorobenzene 200

- toxicity 200

- wastewater 202 chlorophenol 203 cholera 11

- epidemic 16 citric acid cycle 62

COD, see chemical oxygen demand codon 51 coefficient 176 coenzyme acetyl CoA 62 colloid 32

- oil-in-water emulsion 32

- solid-in-water 33

completely mixed activated sludge reactor 125

completely mixed tank cascade 132, 140 completely stirred tank reactor (CSTR) 90, 122, 230, 245ff.

- aerobic 247

- anaerobic 246

concentration polarization model 303ff. concentration/mass flow rate diagram 340ff.

consumption rate 159 contact process 184 convection 85ff. cross-flow configuration 314 cross-flow mode 320

Damkohler-II number 161 Darcy's law 302 dead-end configuration 313 dechlorination 200ff deep tank aeration 98 degradation 70, 169ff.

- aerobic 70, 216

- anaerobic 169ff.

- aromatic amine 216

- metabolite 216 denitrification 224ff., 237, 280

- catabolism 238

- endogenous 241

- kinetics 239ff.

- Monod kinetics 240

- oxygen 241

- parameter 240

- post-denitrification 323

- rate 240

- stoichiometry 239

- yield coefficient 240 density distribution 138

- retention time 139 desorption 93, 200

- capacity 94

desoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 50f.

- replication 57 Desulfobacter postgateii 175 Desulfotomaculum 175 Desulfovibrio 175 Desulfovibrio desulfuricans 175 2,4-diaminotoluene 206 dichlorobenzene (DCB) 200f.

- 1,4-DCB 200 1,2-dichloroethane (DCA) 196 dichloromethane (DCM) 196 diffusion 83ff., 159ff., 293

- coefficient 83f. dimensional analysis 108 dimethylsulfonoxide (DMSO) 209 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) 71 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) 204ff. dissolved organic carbon (DOC) 28, 267 n-dodecane 208

- standard emulsion 211 dispersion, axial 134ff. dye liquor 215 dynamic method 92

Eadie-Hofstee plot 49 efficiency 95ff., 112

- coefficient 161 effluent 195, 215

- decentralized effluent treatment 331ff., 346ff.

Einstein equation 83

electron acceptor 237

electron donor 243

emulsifier 32, 207

emulsion, oil-in-water 32

endocrine-disrupting substance (EDS)

195, 319 energy 63

- activation 47

- consumption 95 enzyme 47 ethanol 65f., 175 EU guideline 41 eubacteria 43f. Eumulgin (ET5) 208 eutrophication 223f. exoenzyme 169f.

extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) 151, 316

f fatty acid 169ff. fermentation 65, 177, 249

- carbonaceous 17 fermenter 65 Fick's law 83, 296 filter 152

- trickling 152ff. filtration 293ff.

- microfiltration 296

- nanofiltration 296

- ultrafiltration 296 fixed bed reactor 154ff.

- aerated 154

- anaerobic 188

- submerged 154

flavine adenine dinucleotide (FAD) 59 flow rate 349

- air flow rate 101

- gas flow rate 100, 124

- wastewater flow rate 349 food industry 320

formazine turbidity unit (FTU) 33 fouling process 315 Froude number 112

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