What Causes Microclimates

Temperature Alpine Rner Silene

Microclimates are caused by local differences in the amount of heat or water received or trapped near the surface. A microclimate may differ from its surroundings by receiving more energy, so it is a little warmer than its surroundings. On the other hand, if it is shaded it may be cooler on average, because it does not get the direct heating of the sun. Its humidity may differ water may have accumulated there making things damper, or there may be less water so that it is drier. Also the wind...