Editors Alvaro Israel

Israel oceanographic and Limnological Research, ltd.

The National institute of oceanography P.o. Box 8030, tel Shikmona 31080. Haifa Israel

[email protected]

rachel Einav blue ecosystems 26 hagat Street Zichron Yaakov Israel

[email protected]

Joseph Seckbach

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel

[email protected]

ISBN 978-90-481-8568-9 e-iSbn 978-90-481-8569-6

Doi 10.1007/978-90-481-8569-6

Springer dordrecht heidelberg london new york library of Congress Control number: 2010925024

© Springer Science+business Media B.v. 2010

No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher, with the exception of any material supplied specifically for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system, for exclusive use by the purchaser of the work.

Printed on acid-free paper

Springer is part of Springer Science+Business Media (www.springer.com)

Preface/Alvaro Israel and Rachel Einav ix

Acknowledgements xiii

Introduction/Joseph Seckbach xv

List of Authors and Their Addresses xxi


changes in the marine environment

Sea-Level Changes in the Mediterranean: Past, Present, and Future - A Review [Lichter, M. et al.] 3

Global Climate Change and Marine Conservation

[Olsvig-Whittaker, L.] 19


biodiversity in marine ecosystems in the globally changing era

Is Global Warming Involved in the Success of Seaweed Introductions in the Mediterranean Sea?

[Boudouresque, C.F. and Verlaque, M.] 31

Climate Change Effects on Marine Ecological Communities

Fucoid Flora of the Rocky Intertidal of the Canadian Maritimes: Implications for the Future with Rapid Climate Change [Ugarte, R.A. et al.] 69


ecophysiological responses of seaweeds

GIS-Based Environmental Analysis, Remote Sensing, and Niche Modeling of Seaweed Communities

Physiological Responses of Seaweeds to Elevated

Atmospheric C02 Concentrations [Zou, D. and Gao, K.] 115

The Role of Rhodolith Beds in the Recruitment of Invertebrate Species from the Southwestern Gulf of California, México

[Riosmena-Rodriguez, R. and Medina-López, M.A.] 127

The Potential Impact of Climate Change on Endophyte

Infections in Kelp Sporophytes [Eggert, A. et al.] 139


the effects of uv radiation on seaweeds

Interactive Effects of UV Radiation and Nutrients on Ecophysiology: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change [Figueroa, F.L. and Korbee, N.j 157

Ecological and Physiological Responses of Macroalgae to Solar and UV Radiation [Gao, K. and Xu, J.j 183

Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Macroalgae from Patagonia,

Argentina [Helbling, E.W. et al.j 199


biofuel - seaweeds as a source of future energy

Production of Biofuel by Macroalgae with Preservation of Marine Resources and Environment [Notoya, M.j 217

Biofuel from Algae - Salvation from Peak Oil? [Rhodes, C.J.j 229


cultivation of seaweeds in globally changing environments

A Review of Kappaphycus Farming: Prospects and Constraints

Recycling of the Seaweed Wakame Through Degradation by Halotolerant Bacteria [Tang, J.-C. et al.j 285

Progressive Development of New Marine

Environments: IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic

Aquaculture) Production [Issar, A.S. and Neori, A.j 305

Reproductive Processes in Red Algal Genus Gracilaria and Impact of Climate Change [Mantri, V.A. et al.j 319

The Role of Porphyra in Sustainable Culture Systems:

Physiology and Applications [Pereira, R. and Yarish, C.j 339


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