Negative Impacts Of Antithamnionella Spirographidis On Biodiversity And Humans

Bekhoffer, Y.G. (1996) Recycling and the Halacha. Tehumin 16: 296-302.

David, S. (2006) Cutting down fruit trees to settle disputes between neighbors. Tehumin 26: 286-292. Ferstenfeld, M. (2002) The environment in Jewish "tradition - a sustainable world, Jerusalem. Moreshet

Hamishpat B-Isrel (in Hebrew). Rakover, N. (1994) The environment - ideological and legal aspects, Jersualem. Moreshet Hamishpat B-Isrel (in Hebrew).

Ralbag, M. (2003) Neighborly damage - noise, visual damage and humidity. Tehumin 23: 434-442. Rozenson, Y. (2002) And it was very good. Jerusalem. Moreshet Hamishpat B-Isrel (in Hebrew). Rozenson, Y. (2002) What was that tree? About Midrash, commentary and education concepts. Reflect

Jewish Educ. 4-3, 51-73. Sefler, M. (2008) The usage of treated water - a reflection. Tehumin 28: 132-135. Shaviv, Y. (1991) Beauty and eternity - chapters on Jewish ecology. Tehumim 12: 296-302. Shwartz, E. (1990) Response, mastery and stewardship, wonder and connectedness: a typology to nature in the Jewish texts and tradition, In: H. Tirosh-Samuelson (ed.) Judaism and Ecology: Created World and Revealed World. Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School, Cambridge, pp. 102-193. Sinai, G. and Hazut, A. (2008) Using sewage water - Halachic thoughts. Tehumin 28: 129-134.

ORGANISM INDEX

Acanthophora dimorpha, 267 Acanthophorafragilissima, 267 Acanthophora muscoides, 267 Acanthophora nayadiformis, 37 Acanthophora, 267 Acanthophora spicifera, 267 Acrochaete operculata, 144, 145 Acrochaetium codicola, 37 Acrochaetium robustum, 37 Acrochaetium spathoglossi, 37 Acrochaetium subseriatum, 37 Acropora, 272 Acrothamnionpreissii, 37 Acrothrix fragilis, 39 Actinotrichia fragilis, 267 Adenocystis, 202 Aedes aegypti, 392 Agardhiella subulata, 37 Aglaothamnion feldmanniae, 37 Ahnfeltia plicata, 143 Ahnfeltiopsis devoniensis, 170 Ahnfeltiopsis flabelliformis, 37 Alteromonas, 268 Amphiroa foliacea, 267 Ampithoe valida, 211, 212 Anabaena cylindrica, 237 Anotrichium okamurae, 37 Antithamnion amphigeneum, 37 Antithamnionella boergesenii, 37 Antithamnionella elegans, 37 Antithamnionella spirographidis, 37 Antithamnionella sublittoralis, 37 Antithamnionella ternifolia, 37 Antithamnion nipponicum, 37 Aphanizomenon, 375 Apoglossum gregarium, 37 Arthrospira, 375

Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis, 185 Ascophyllum, 76, 77, 80, 85-87 Ascophyllum nodosum, 74, 76-81, 83-86, 143, 190

Asparagopsis armata, 37, 43, 348 Asparagopsis/Falkenbergia, 362, 363 Asparagopsis taxiformis, 37, 42, 43 Astroides calycularis, 42

Bachelotia antillarum, 162 Bacillus, 289 Bacillus algicola, 297 Bacillus subtilis, 390 Bangia, 342

Bifurcaria bifurcata, 163 Blidingia minima, 202 Bonnemaisonia hamifera, 37 Boodlea composita, 268 Boodlea composite, 266 Bossiela orbigniana, 122 Bostrychia, 202

Botryocladia madagascarensis, 37 Botryococcus, 380 Botrytella parva, 39 Brassica campestris, 301 Bryopsis, 202

Caepidium, 202

Callithamnion gaudichaudii, 205, 210 Candida albicans, 390 Caulacanthus ustulatus, 162, 163 Caulerpa, 362, 363, 387-394 Caulerpa bikinensis, 389 Caulerpa chemnitzia, 393 Caulerpa cupressoides, 392 Caulerpa faridii, 390

Caulerpa lentillifera, 391-393 Caulerpales, 389, 392 Caulerpa mexicana, 38 Caulerpaprolifera, 389, 390, 393 Caulerpa racemosa, 42, 43, 387-390, 392, 393

Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea, 38, 42,

43, 45, 387, 394 Caulerpa racemosa var. lamourouxii, 38 Caulerpa racemosa var.peltata, 392 Caulerpa racemosa var. turbinata, 38, 42 Caulerpa scalpelliformis, 39, 391-393 Caulerpa sertularioides, 389, 392 Caulerpa taxifolia, 39, 42, 43, 45, 387,

388, 390, 393, 394 Centroceras, 267 Centrostephanus rodgersii, 57 Ceramium, 205, 206, 210, 266, 267 Ceramium bisporum, 37 Ceramium strobiliforme, 37 Chaetomorpha crassa, 268 Champia, 268 Chanos chanos, 276 Chlamydomonas, 379-381 Chlamydomonas rheinhardii, 237 Chlorella, 245, 375, 380 Chlorella pyrenoidosa, 237 Chlorella vulgaris, 237 Chondracanthus acicularis, 163 Chondria, 202 Chondria coerulescens, 37 Chondria curvilineata, 37 Chondria pygmaea, 37 Chondrophycus papillosus, 268 Chondrus, 77, 324, 362, 363 Chondrus crispus, 77, 144, 145, 190,

191,332 Chondrus giganteus, 37 Chorda filum, 39, 148 Chrysymenia wrightii, 37 Chytridium polysiphoniae, 144 Cladophora, 202 Cladophora falklandica, 202 Cladophora herpestica, 39 Cladophorapatentiramea, 39 Cladophoropsis, 202 Cladosiphon zosterae, 36 Codium, 202, 211

Codium arabicum, 108 Codium decorticatum, 163, 187 Codium fragile, 43, 86, 186 Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoides, 39 Codium taylori, 39 Colpomenia, 202 Colpomeniaperegrina, 39 Corallina, 162, 205, 208, 210 Corallina elongata, 163 Corallina officinalis, 202, 205, 207-210 Corallina pilulifera, 122 Crassostrea gigas, 41 Cystoseira, 162, 362, 363 Cystoseira baccata, 163 Cystoseira tamariscifolia, 163 Cytophaga-Flavobacterium, 265

Dasya sessilis, 37 Dasycladus vermicularis, 166 Dasysiphonia, 37 D. cervicornis, 268 Derbesia boergesenii, 39 Derbesia rhizophora, 39 Desmarestia viridis, 36 Devaleraea ramentacea, 191 Dictyota, 206, 210

Dictyota dichotoma, 186, 187, 202, 206 Dictyota divaricata, 268 Dumontia, 329 Dunaliella, 375, 380 Dunaliella bioculata, 237 Dunaliella salina, 237 Dusidicus gigas, 56

Ecklonia, 221, 224, 362, 363 Ecklonia cava, 223 Ecklonia stolonifera, 220, 364 Ectocarpus, 144

Ectocarpus rhodochondroides, 186 Ectocarpus siliculosus, 143 Ectocarpus siliculosus var. hiemalis, 36 Eisenia, 224

Emiliania huxleyi, 122, 143 Endophyton ramosum, 144 Enteromopha linza, 121, 205, 210 Enteromorpha, 202, 211, 212

Enteromorpha intestinalis, 348 Enteromorpha linza, 205, 210 Eucheuma, 256, 264, 270-273, 275, 324, 362 Eucheuma denticulatum, 255, 256, 263, 271,

272, 279, 362 Eucheuma/Kappaphycus, 343, 361, 363 Eucheuma striatum, 270 Euglena gracilis, 237

Feldmannophycus okamurae, 37 Flabellatus, 37 Flavobacterium, 268 Fucus, 85

Fucus/Ascophyllum, 84, 85

Fucus evanescens, 77, 293

Fucus gardneri, 188, 190

Fucus spiralis, 39

Fucus vesiculosus, 76, 77, 81, 83-86, 143

Galaxaura rugosa, 37

Ganonema farinosa, 37

Gelidiella acerosa, 187

Gelidium, 163, 324, 326

Gelidium corneum, 170, 171

Gelidium Gigartina, 362

Gelidium pusillum, 162

Gelidium sesquipedale, 163

Gigartina, 363

Gigartina intermedia, 121

Gigartina skottsberdii, 332

Gloiopeltis furcata, 121

Goniotrichopsis sublittoralis, 38

Graciaria tenuisitipitata, 122

321-333, 343, 361-364 Gracilaria arcuata, 38, 267 Gracilaria arcuata var. arcuata, 325 Gracilaria bursa-pastoris, 325, 326 Gracilaria caudata, 327 Gracilaria changii, 330 Gracilaria chilensis, 118, 122, 324, 326,

330, 364 Gracilaria conferta, 143 Gracilaria corda, 327 Gracilaria cornea, 169, 191, 325, 329

Gracilaria corticata, 327-332 Gracilaria corticata var. cylindrica, 325 Gracilaria debilis, 324 Gracilaria dura, 323, 325, 331 Gracilaria edulis, 324, 325, 328, 331 Gracilaria foliifera, 187 Gracilaria gaditana, 122 Gracilaria gracilis, 202, 324-326, 328,

329, 331, 348 Gracilaria henriquesiana, 327 Gracilaria heteroclada, 325 Gracilaria lemaneiformis, 186-188, 190,

287, 288, 326, 327, 332 Gracilaria mammillaris, 327 Gracilaria pacifica, 332 Gracilaria salicornia, 333 Gracilaria sjoestedtii, 328, 331 Gracilaria symmetrica, 327 Gracilaria tenuistipitata, 119, 120, 122,

169, 190 Gracilaria textorii, 327, 328, 331 Gracilaria tikvahia, 324 Gracilaria verrucosa, 324-331 Gracilibacillus, 297 Gracilibacillus halotolerans, 297 Grateloupia asiatica, 38, 325 Grateloupia dichotoma, 169 Grateloupia lanceola, 169 Grateloupia lanceolata, 38, 364 Grateloupia patens, 38 Grateloupia subpectinata, 38 Grateloupia turuturu, 38, 86 Griffithsia corallinoides, 38

Halimeda, 112 Halomonas, 291, 293 Halomonas alkantarctica, 293 Halomonas boliviensis, 291, 293 Halomonas campisalis, 293 Halomonas hydrothermalis, 291 Halomonas magadiensis, 291, 293 Halomonas marina, 293 Halomonas muralis, 293 Halomonas variabilis, 291, 293 Halomonas venusta, 291 Halophila stipulacea, 43 Halothrix lumbricalis, 39

organism index

Harveyella mirabilis, 144 Herposiphonia parca, 38 Hildenbrandtia, 202 Himanthalia elongata, 142 Hizikia fusiforme, 118, 122, 364 Hizikia fusiformis, 121 Hizikia fusimorme, 120 Hydroclathrus clathratus, 268 Hydropuntia edulis, 268 Hypnea, 362, 363 Hypnea cornuta, 38 Hypneaflagelliformis, 38 Hypnea musciformis, 268 Hypnea pannosa, 268 Hypnea spinella, 38, 268 Hypnea valentiae, 38, 268

Idothea baltica, 211, 212 Iridaea, 202 Ishige okamura, 121

Jania rubens, 163

Kappaphycus, 255-279, 324, 361, 363 Kappaphycus alvarezii, 255, 256, 258, 259,

261, 263-273, 275-279, 362, 363 Kappaphycus alvarezii var. tambalang, 277, 278

Kappaphycus striatum, 258, 265, 270, 275, 278

Kappaphycus striatum var. sacol, 259

224, 343,361-365 Laminaria angutata, 223 Laminaria digitata, 141, 146-149 Laminaria hyperborea, 142-148, 189 Laminaria japonica, 144, 362, 364 Laminaria ochroleuca, 148, 187 Laminaria pallida, 148 Laminaria religiosa, 144 Laminaria/Saccharina, 141, 144, 147, 148 Laminaria sensu lato, 141 Laminaria tomentosoides, 145

Laminariocolax aecidioides, 145, 146, 148

Laminariocolax macrocystis, 147 Laminariocolax tomentosoides, 146, 147 Laminariocolax tomentosoides sub deformans, 146 Laminarionema elsbetiae, 145, 146, 148 Laurencia caduciramulosa, 38 Laurencia obtusa, 163 Laurencia okamurae, 38 Leathesia, 202 Leathesia difformis, 39 Lessonia nigrescens, 148 Lichina pygmaea, 170 Lithophyllum incrustans, 163 Lithophyllum yessoense, 38 Litopeneaus vannamei, 276 Lobiger serradifalci, 387, 389 Lomentaria articulata, 118, 364 Lomentaria hakodatensis, 38 Lophocladia lallemandii, 38, 43, 44

Macoma, 56 Macoma balthica, 55 Macrocystis, 362-364 Macrocystis pyrifera, 147, 148, 187, 202, 332

Mastocarpus stellatus, 77, 191, 332 Mazzaella laminarioides, 144, 332 Metapenaeus monoceros, 42 Miscanthus, 382 Monostroma, 362 Mytilus edulis, 84, 85

Nannochloropsis, 380 Nemalion vermiculare, 38 Neomeris annulata, 39 Neosiphonia, 266-268, 278 Neosiphonia apiculata, 267-269 Neosiphonia savatieri, 267 Nitophyllum stellato-corticatum, 38 Nitzschia, 380

Ocullinapatagonica, 59 Oxynoe olivacea, 389

Pachymeniopsis lanceolata, 364

Padina australis, 268

Padina boergesenii, 39

Padina boryana, 39

Padina santae-crucis, 268

Palmaria, 362, 363

Palmariapalmata, 77, 142, 322

Pandalus Borealis, 56

Pelvetia compressa, 74

Petalonia fascia, 187

Peyssonelia, 163

Phaeodactylum, 380

Phaselus vulgaris, 393

Pilayella littoralis, 77

Pinctada martensi, 276

Pisaster ochraceus, 22, 56

Pleonosporium caribaeum, 38

Pleurocapsa, 144

Plocamium secundatum, 38

Polysiphonia, 211, 212, 266-268, 322, 324

Polysiphonia atlantica, 38

Polysiphonia brodiaei, 202

Polysiphonia fucoides, 38

Polysiphonia harveyi, 38

Polysiphonia lanosa, 77

Polysiphonia morrowii, 38

Polysiphoniapaniculata, 38

Porites, 59

321, 341-350, 361-363, 365 Porphyra abbottae, 346 Porphyra amplissima, 346, 349 Porphyra columbina, 169, 190, 202, 205, 208, 210 Porphyra dioica, 345-350 Porphyra haitanensis, 121, 189, 191, 343,

346-348 Porphyra katadai, 346 Porphyra leucosticta, 119, 120, 122, 169,

189, 347 Porphyra linearis, 119, 345-347 Porphyra moriensis, 345 Porphyrapseudolinearis, 345, 346 Porphyra purpurea, 344, 346-348 Porphyra rosengurttii, 170 Porphyra seriata, 364 Porphyra tenera, 344, 362

Porphyra torta, 344, 346 Porphyra umbilicalis, 169, 189, 191, 321, 346, 347

Porphyra yezoensis, 38, 108, 118-120, 188, 189, 287, 342-344, 346, 347, 349, 362, 364 Porphyridium cruentum, 237 Posidonia oceanica, 165 Prymnesium parvum, 237 Pseudobryopsis/Trichosolen, 107 Pterocladia, 362 Pterosiphonia complanata, 163 Pterosiphonia tanakae, 38 Punctaria tenuissima, 39 Pylaiella littoralis, 36, 144

Rama, 202 Rhizoclonium, 202 Rhodomela confervoides, 144 Rhodophysema georgii, 38 Rhodymenia erythraea, 38 Rugulopterix okamurae, 39

Saccharina japonica, 39 Saccharina latissima, 141, 142, 144-148 Saccorhiza polyschides, 148 Sarconema filiforme, 38 Sarconema scinaioides, 38 Sardinella, 23

Sargassum, 187, 221, 223, 224, 362, 363 Sargassum hemiphyllum, 121 Sargassum horneri, 187 Sargassum macrocarpum, 222, 223 Sargassum muticum, 39, 44 Sargassum patensi, 223 Sargassum yezoensis, 223 Scenedemus, 380 Scenedesmus (Spirulina), 375 Scenedesmus dimorphus, 237 Scenedesmus obliquus, 237 Scenedesmus quadricauda, 237 Scytosiphon dotyi, 39 Siganus luridus, 42 Siganus rivulatus, 42 Solieria dura, 38 Solieria filiformis, 38

Sparisoma cretense, 42 Spathoglossum variabile, 39 Sphaerotrichiafirma, 39 Spirogyra, 237 Spirulina, 375, 380 Spirulina maxima, 237 Spirulinaplatensis, 237 Spongomorpa, 202 Stomolophus nomurai, 224 Stypocaulon scoparium, 163 Stypopodium schimperi, 39, 43, 44 Symphyocladia marchantioides, 38 Synechoccus, 237

Tegula, 55 Tetraselmis, 380 Tetraselmis maculata, 237 Thalassoma pavo, 42 Trachinotus carolinus, 276

278, 312, 348, 362, 363 Ulva clathrata, 268 Ulva compressa, 268

Ulva curvata, 187

Ulva expansa, 186

Ulva fasciata, 39, 43, 268

Ulva intestinalis, 348

Ulva lactuca, 121, 122, 186, 348

Ulva media, 268

Ulvapertusa, 39, 166, 190, 268, 348, 364 Ulva pinnatifida, 202, 288 Ulva reticulata, 268 Ulvaria obscura, 39

Ulva rigida, 118, 122, 186, 202, 203, 205, 210 Ulva rotundata, 187, 348 Undaria, 224, 343, 361-363, 365 Undaria pinnatifida, 39, 44, 202, 287, 289,

362, 364 Urospora, 202

Vibrio, 23

Vibrio-Aeromonas, 265 Vibrio fischeri, 302 Vibrio, 268, 297 Vigna sinensis, 393

Womersleyella setacea, 38, 43

SUBJECT INDEX

Abrahamic religions, 404

Acadian Seaplants Limited (ASL), 78, 82,

83, 85, 87, 253 Accessory pigments, 207 Acclimation, 55, 118, 120, 123, 164-171,

173, 187 Aeolian dust, 309 Agamospores, 344

347, 361 Age-old insights, 403, 432 Aggadah, 437

Algae, 23, 43, 55, 74, 118, 129, 141, 161, 185, 202, 219, 231, 265, 289, 308, 321, 341, 360, 375, 387 abundance, 56, 60, 74, 79, 130, 141, 159,

161, 208, 331 biomass, 360, 377-381 blooms, 287

146, 187, 191, 331 oil, 236, 237, 239-243 turf, 23, 24, 26, 141 Algaebase, 96, 108, 109 Algae-to-fuel conversion, 240, 243, 246 Algal-pathogen interactions, 144 Alginate, 77, 79, 147, 148, 289, 290, 361 Alginate-degrading bacteria, 148, 296-301 Alternative energy, xvii, xviii, 376, 380,

382, 383 Amazon rain forest, xvi, 408 Ambient stressors, 207 Ambiguity of religions, 404-405 Annelida, 132 Antarctica, xv, xvi, xviii, 13 Antarctic ice sheets, 14, 310 Antenna pigments, 190 Anthropic principle, 414

Anthropocentric, 403, 438-440

perception, 438 Anthropogenic activities, 160, 161, 330, 346 Anthropogenic CO2, 121, 360, 367 Anthropogenic disturbance, 129 Anthropogenic influences, 141 Anthropogenic stressors, 26 Anticancer, 388, 389 Antileishmanial, 390 Antimicrobial, 388, 390 Antioxidants, 149, 166, 170-172, 190, 207,

343, 375 Antitumor, 389 Antiviral, xvii, 388, 390 Aquaculture, 35, 36, 40, 227, 255, 272-277, 307-316, 322, 333, 343, 344, 346-350, 359-368, 375, 393 Aquatic biota, 203, 310 Aquatic crops, 360

Aquatic ecosystems, 159-165, 167-171,

173, 174, 185, 201, 202, 330 Aquatic plants, 310, 347, 359, 360 Aquatic productivity, 201, 315 Aral lake, xvi

Archeological evidence, xv, 8

Argentina, 201-212, 288

Argumentation, 425, 456

Arid climates, 307, 308, 315

Artificial lagoons, 312-314

Asexual propagules, 325, 326

Asexual reproduction, 324

Astronomical tides, 6

Atmosphere, xv, xvi-xviii, 62, 85

Atmospheric gas, 203

Baba Batra, 452-455 Bacterial degradation

Ballast water, 35 Bangiales, 321, 341 Bay of Fundy, 75, 76, 85, 86 Benthic, xvii, 53, 57, 62, 105, 111, 129, 135, 160, 333 communities, 56, 59, 63, 97, 104, 105,

130, 163 marine, 100, 108, 142, 143, 162 Bible, 403-407, 428-430, 432, 439, 452,

453, 458 Biblical religion, 428-429 Bicarbonate utilization, 123 BIMP-EAGA region. See Brunei-

Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines (East Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Growth Area region Biocentric, 438-440

perception, 438 Biochemical factories, 360 Biodiesel, 231, 232, 234-236, 238, 240, 242-244, 359, 360, 366, 367, 376, 377, 379-383 Biodiversity, 24, 25, 54, 57, 60, 62, 63, 74, 109, 112, 134, 163-165, 168, 171, 173, 273 Bio-energy, 219-220, 227 Bioethanol, 231, 234, 240, 359, 360, 376, 381 Biofilter(s), 259, 276, 277, 346-349, 361 Biofuel, xvii, 219-228, 231-247, 311-313, 316, 359-361, 365-367, 375-377, 379-382 Biogenic calcification, 59 Biogeochemical feedback, 149 Biogeographical origin, 33, 41 Biogeographical shifts, 57 Biogeography, 54, 60, 109 Bioinvasion, 58, 270, 271, 273 Biological activity, 361 Biological elements, 160 Biological energy, 227 Biological interactions, 22 Biological invasions, 33, 36, 45, 46 Biomass, 76, 78-81, 83, 85, 87, 97, 141, 160, 161, 163, 168, 186, 228, 240-242, 259, 262, 267, 275, 287, 288, 295, 313, 314, 321, 325, 347-350, 359, 360, 364, 366, 367, 375-383, 392, 393 Biorefinery, 381

Bioremediation, 117, 275, 346, 349, 393 Bioresources, 219, 221-222 Biosorption, 391, 392 Biotechnology, 361, 367, 375 Biotic interactions, 143-147, 150, 151, 333 Bioturbation, 129 Bivalves, 130, 313 Bloom-forming patents, 393 Book of Nature, 430 Brazil, 234, 256, 259, 269, 270 Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines (East Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) region, 256, 257 Buddhism, 403, 427 Buddhists, 406, 412, 427 Butanol, 381, 390

C3, 310

Calcification, 23, 58, 59, 121-123, 205 Canada, 74, 75, 82, 87, 409 Canadian maritimes, 73-87 Cape Cod, 73

Carbonaceous skeletons, 308 Carbonate sediment, 129 Carbonate system, 117, 121 Carbon concentrating mechanisms (CCM),

118, 119, 123 Carbon credits, 255 Carbon cycle, 12, 14, 117, 365-367 Carbon dioxide (CO2), 22-24, 33, 54, 56, 60, 73, 80, 117-123, 166-168, 220, 223, 232, 236, 239, 241, 242, 245, 255, 294, 308-314, 316, 333, 349, 359, 365, 380, 382 balance, 21, 310, 376 enrichment, 117-123, 316, 364 fixation, 172, 188, 219, 224 uptake, 58, 224, 347, 360, 367 utilization, 59, 293, 360, 363-364 Carbon fixation, 80 Carbonic anhydrase (CA), 118, 120,

166, 347 Carbon limitation, 59, 118, 121 Carbon sequestration, 308, 311, 360 Carbon sink, 360

Carpospores, 323-325, 328, 329, 331, 332

Carrageenan, 255, 257, 259, 262, 263, 265, 268, 269, 275-277, 279, 321, 347, 361 Caulerpenyne (CYN), 388-390 CCD sensors, 97 CCM. See Carbon concentrating mechanisms Cellular oxidation, 172 CF3, xv

CFC, xv, xvi, 186 Chad lake, xvi Chazaka, 445 Cheap oil, 231, 244

Chemical composition, 236-237, 288-290,

294, 295, 309 Chemical elements, 160 Chinese religion, 428 Chlorophyll, 103, 210, 236 Chlorophyll fluorescence, 164, 171 Chubut Province, 202 Cisplatinum, 389

Climate change, 5, 21-26, 34-35, 53-63, 73-87, 111, 112, 141-151, 159-175, 208, 279, 307, 309, 310, 314, 315, 321-333, 367, 375, 407, 409, 458 Cloud cover, 149, 311 CMOS sensors, 97 C:N ratio, 122-123, 295 CO32-, 58, 117, 121

Coal, xvii, xviii, 235, 236, 314, 367, 376, 382, 425

Coastal communities, 61, 109, 262, 277, 279 Coastal ecosystems, 43, 61, 141-143, 149,

160, 163, 167, 222, 288, 363 Coastal lagoons, 312 Coastal mangroves, 26, 61, 108 Coastal region, 5, 309 Coastal shelves, 314-315 Coastal waters, 8, 22, 101, 105, 109, 117, 121, 159-164, 167, 171, 175, 185, 189, 275, 313, 346, 347, 367 Coastal wetlands, 26 Coastal zone, 22-23 Coccolithophorids, 59 Cold-temperate kelp, 142 Community structure, 55, 56, 58, 60, 63,

74, 130, 167 Composting, 287-295, 298-302 Computer-designed maps, 97

Conchocelis, 188, 189, 321, 343-346 Conchospores, 189, 343-346 Conservation, 21-26, 60, 63, 130, 135, 220,

222, 407, 425-432 Coral bleaching, 24, 53, 55 Coralline algae, 59, 60, 135, 222, 330 Coral reefs, 22-24, 26, 53, 61, 109, 110,

270, 271, 273 Corn, 220, 234, 238, 376, 377 Corn ethanol, 234 Cosquer Cave, 7, 14 Creation, 55, 95, 96, 405, 406, 409, 425,

427, 429, 439, 446 Crop production, 236, 243, 244 Crops, xvii, 79, 220, 223, 235, 236, 238, 241, 242, 263, 267-269, 342, 345, 362, 376, 377, 380 Crude oil, xvii, 231, 234, 240 Crustacea, 132, 134, 135 Cryptic introductions, 36, 44 Cryptofauna, 130-132, 134, 135 Cultivation, 223-225, 243, 256-259,

262-264, 267, 269, 272-276, 278, 279, 287, 321, 332, 345, 349, 362, 363, 366, 378, 382, 383, 412 Culture seaweeds, 313-315, 360-361, 363,

365-367 Cultures polyunsaturated, 375 Culture systems, 122, 223, 275, 277, 312,

341-350, 361, 377-378, 380 Culture techniques, 223, 260, 261 CYN. See Caulerpenyne

Database, 10, 96-100, 109, 111

Dead Sea, xvi, 293

Deep ecology, 412-413

Defense responses, 147-150

Deforestation, xvi, xvii, 220, 382

Dehydration, 118, 191

Deontology, 426

Desert dust, 307-309

208, 328 Dharma, 404, 411, 413, 427 Digitized maps, 97 Dikes, 311-316

Dimethylsulphide (DMS), 149 Dinosaurs, 425

Dioecious species, 322, 341, 344 Diploid phase, 322, 323, 326, 329, 343 Diseases, 23, 25, 143, 144, 146-148, 150,

264-270, 381, 382, 404 Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), 117,

118, 120, 122, 123 Dissolved organic carbon, 308 Distribution, 22, 23, 53, 54, 57, 60, 62, 63, 73, 74, 76-78, 80, 85, 104-111, 142, 146, 163, 165, 167, 171, 187, 191, 259, 270, 325, 326, 331, 341, 344, 412 boundary, 143 shifts, 95, 143 Distromatic, 342 DNA analysis, 291, 297, 330 damage, 165, 167, 185, 189, 191 Domestic pollution, 33 Dust bowl, xvi

Earth, ix, xv-xix, 21, 33, 34, 73, 96, 104, 159, 186, 201, 202, 220, 241, 247, 332, 403-407, 409-412, 414, 415, 417-419, 427-429, 432, 459 Eco-feminism, 412-414 Eco-friendly, 228

Ecological crisis, 403-404, 406-408, 412,

413,417 Ecological ecumenism, 427 Ecologically harmful, 404 Ecological toxicity, 300-302 Ecology, xv, 59, 61, 109, 117, 164, 175, 403-419, 425, 426, 428, 429, 443, 451-453, 456, 457 and religion, 403-419 Economic importance, 77, 342-343 Eco-philosophy, 109, 159-175 Ecophysiological responses, ix Ecosystems, ix, xvii, xviii, 43, 45, 53, 54, 56, 58-63, 74, 141, 142, 149, 159-171, 173, 174, 185, 201, 202, 219, 221, 222, 224, 227, 288, 312, 315, 330, 348, 349, 363, 375, 426, 430 Edible seaweeds, xvii, 288, 321 Educational value, 456 Elevated CO2 level, 59, 117-123

Emersed photosynthesis, 120-121 Endophyte species, 141-150 Endophytic algae, 144, 150 Endospores, 344 Energy balance, 360 crops, 359

demand, 359, 375, 376 plants, 376, 377, 381, 382 policy, 359 Environment, 5, 21, 33, 53, 73, 95, 118, 129, 142, 159, 186, 201, 219, 231, 269, 287, 307, 321, 343, 359, 377, 403, 425, 437, 451 analysis, 95-112 challenge, 279, 431 factors, 105, 143, 166, 171, 187, 202 hazards, 438, 440, 441, 444-447, 452,

454-456, 458, 459 ideology, 451

preservation, 219-228, 288, 459, 460 theory, 451 Environmentalists, 403, 414, 438 Enzymatic extraction, 239 Enzymatic transformation, 388-389 Enzyme inhibition, 389-390 Epiphytes, 77, 86, 149, 265-270, 277, 278

infestation, 266-269 Epiphytic, 145, 265-267 Episodic ozone, 201

Erosion, 5, 24, 61, 164, 273, 405, 407, 429 Ethical behavior, 426 Ethics, 404, 410, 416, 418, 425-432 Eucheumatoids species, 273, 279 Eulittoral, 187, 191, 201, 205-209 European Geostationary Navigation

Overlay Service (EGNOS), 99 Eutrophication, 23, 141, 143, 161, 166, 169, 219, 222, 224, 225, 273, 278, 287, 288

Evangelical Climate Initiative, 406 Exotic species, 270

Extinctions, xvi, 22, 23, 63, 74, 163, 165, 425, 443

Feeding inhibitor, 388

Feedstocks, 231, 235, 242, 243, 366, 367

Fertilization, 275-278, 308, 322, 323, 328-329

301, 309, 315, 360, 362, 363, 442 Fisheries, 227, 309 Fisheries management, 25 Fishing catch, 22 Fixed oils, 238

314, 315, 418, 419 Fluorometry, 164

Food, xvii, 55, 56, 61, 62, 142, 211-212, 219, 227, 232, 234, 244-247, 259, 262, 273, 275, 288, 308, 309, 311, 313, 316, 327, 347, 359-363, 367, 375, 376, 378, 418, 419, 431, 457 crisis, 220, 234, 419 crops, 431, 434, 436 preservatives, 361 web, 54, 59, 142, 167, 173, 174 Fossil fuel, xv, 219, 220, 232, 313-315, 359, 376

326, 388 Fresh-water aquifers, 5 Fucoids, 73-87

171, 186, 188-190, 293 Functional group, 56, 58, 62, 162, 391 Future, ix, x, xix, 5-14, 24, 46, 54, 55, 57, 63, 73-87, 99, 102-104, 106, 108-112, 142, 149, 165, 173-175, 219, 220, 233, 234, 243, 245, 269, 276, 278-279, 307, 310, 312, 313, 364, 375-383, 412, 426, 431, 438, 444

Gametophyte, 144, 148, 322-324, 326-328,

341, 343-346 Garden of Eden, 453, 457-460 Gas emissions, xviii, 21, 33, 360, 367 Gaza Strip, 315

Gel strength, 259, 265, 268, 276 GenBank, 99, 109 Genesis, 403, 407, 457-459 Genetic diversity, 326 Genetic markers, 327 Geographical distribution, 76 Geographical shift, 57

Geographic information systems (GIS),

95-112, 162 Geological time-scale, 5 Georeferencing, 98-100, 108, 109 Glacial cycle(s), 7, 13, 34 Glacio-hydro-isostatic change, 5 Global aquaculture, 312, 365-367 Global change, 23, 43, 95, 100, 105,

109-112, 174, 330 Global Positioning System, 6, 98, 99

database, 99 Global responsibility, 457 Global warming, 5, 7, 33-46, 55-58, 73, 142, 144, 219, 255, 307-309, 311, 315, 331, 359-368, 419, 437-447, 451-460 God, 404-406, 408-411, 413, 414, 418, 429,

437, 439, 457, 459, 460 God planted, 457 Government regulations, 368 GPS. See Global Positioning System Grazing, xvi, 77, 78, 143, 243, 272, 405 Green algae, 166, 167, 202, 375-383, 387, 392

Greenhouse effect, xvi, xviii, 21, 309 Greenhouse gas emissions, xviii, 21, 33,

360, 367 Greenland, 13, 14, 310 Growth, 54, 56, 58-60, 77, 80, 85, 117-119, 122, 123, 129, 130, 132, 144, 146, 147, 166, 167, 170, 171, 173, 185-188, 205, 223, 224, 231-233, 235, 238, 243, 245-247, 256, 259, 261, 272, 275-278, 287-289, 297, 299-301, 310-313, 324-326, 328, 330, 332, 333, 346, 348-350, 360, 363, 364, 366, 368, 378, 380, 381, 388, 389, 393, 406 Growth rate, 58, 77, 119, 122, 144, 146, 147, 186, 232, 259, 275-278, 287, 291, 297, 333, 346, 348, 362, 364, 388, 393 Guide of the Perplexed, 437 Gulf of California, 129-136 Gulf of Maine, 75

Hadera, 11, 22 Halacha, 451, 452 Halakha, 437, 438, 440, 447 Halotolerant bacteria, 287-301

Haploid phase, 322-324, 329, 343, 344 Hard-copy maps, 97

266, 310, 332, 404, 425, 445, 446 Harvest, 78-85, 87, 129, 223, 224, 227, 257-262, 268, 287, 288, 313, 321, 322, 345, 348, 349, 360, 363, 365, 366, 376, 378, 380, 388, 394, 406, 428 Hassidic literature, 437 Hazaka, 454

HCO3-, 58, 117-121, 123, 347 HDVB. See High density vertical bioreactor Health foods, 227, 275 Heat balance, 21

Hebrew, 404, 428, 440, 442, 443, 452 Heliophany, 201 Hemagglutinating activity, 392 Herbivores, 26, 389

High density vertical bioreactor (HDVB), 243, 244

Hinduism, 403, 404, 406, 427-428 Host-parasite interaction, 144 Human activities, xv-xvi, 35, 58, 73, 160,

163, 168, 225, 425, 443, 452 Human effects, 35, 53, 58, 63, 73, 111, 160, 161, 163, 168, 222, 225, 332, 417, 425

Human life, ix, 219, 412, 431, 459 Human mediated, 53 Hydromorphologic elements, 160

Ice caps, 9

Ice damage, 81-82, 84 Ice-ice, 264, 265, 267, 269, 270, 277 Ice sheets, 9, 12, 13, 14, 34, 310 IMTA. See Integrated multi-trophic marine aquaculture IMTA farms, 275, 313, 315, 363 Indoor system, 377-380 Integrated multi-trophic marine aquaculture (IMTA), 274-277, 307-316, 347-350, 361, 363,367 Intensive aquaculture, 274, 350 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 9, 12, 13, 53, 73, 159, 310

Intertidal, 22, 23, 56, 57, 61, 63, 103, 104, 117, 160, 162, 172, 173, 187, 188, 191, 202, 264, 330, 331, 333 seaweeds, 74-76, 120-121 species, 57, 121, 123, 191, 346 Intracellular nitrogen storage, 190 Invasion, 33, 36, 45, 46, 58, 63, 86, 111,

112, 145, 222, 235, 270-273, 394 Invasive, 42-44, 86, 145, 202, 270-273, 333, 387, 388, 392, 394 organism, 270-273 species, 86, 273 Iota-carrageenan, 255, 259, 263, 265, 279 IPCC. See Intergovernmental Panel on

Climate Change Irradiance, 55, 120, 163-166, 171, 173, 174, 186-188, 191, 202, 203, 205, 210, 328, 332, 333 Islam, 403, 428-430 Isoyake, 222

314, 315, 445 Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Institute, 22

360, 362, 378 Jesus Christ, 404, 407, 410, 429 Jewish approach, 451-460 Jewish-ecological slogans, 452 Jewish law, 429, 437-447 Jewish thought, 437-440, 447

Kappa-carrageenan, 255, 257, 263, 279

Killer alga, 387

Kingdom Plantae, 34

Kingdom Stramenopiles, 34

Konrad von Megenberg, 430 Koran, 405, 406, 429

Lagoons, 43, 44, 159, 160, 167, 171, 175, 278, 311-314, 316, 325

220, 293, 313, 378, 406 Laminaria saccharina, field surveys, 144-145 Land-based tank cultivation, 349 Latitudinal shifts, 142 Laver, 342, 362 Laws of Manu, 406 Lessepsian migration, 23 Lessepsian species, 40, 43 Life cycle, 105, 133, 166, 222, 322-329,

333, 343-346 Life history, 321, 322, 324-326, 328, 329, 333, 342

191, 332, 333 Linolic acids, 379 Local extinctions, 22, 74 Long-line technique, 258-260 Low cost technologies, 363, 367 Low-intertidal subtidal, 162, 346

MAA. See Mycosporine-like aminoacids Macroalgae, xvii, 23-24, 26, 59, 74, 77, 95, 100, 101, 103, 105, 108-110, 112, 117, 119, 122, 141-143, 159-167, 169, 170, 173, 185-191, 201-212, 219-228, 236, 330, 332, 347, 359, 364, 389, 391, 393 communities, 95, 161, 202, 221 diversity, 202

shift, 23, 105, 142, 164, 273 Man-Environment Relations, 438-443 Mapping, 95, 97, 100-104, 106, 108-110 Marine bacteria, 291, 292, 296, 297, 299 Marine biodiversity, 63, 74 Marine biota, xvi, 142, 309 Marine communities, 22, 25, 54, 108, 162, 163 Marine conservation, 21-26 Marine environment(s), 21, 26, 54, 55, 60, 111, 112, 159, 164, 165, 221, 287-289, 307-316, 321 Marine habitats, xviii, 134 Marine Isotope Stage (MIS), 7, 14 Marine reserves, 134 Marine resources preservation, 219-228 Marxism-Leninism, 429 Medicinal applications control of the invasion, 393

310, 312, 314, 387, 388, 393, 405 Mediterranean Sea, 5-14, 22, 23, 33-46,

57, 61, 63, 164, 387, 388, 393, 394 Melting ice, 21, 309, 310 Merciless consequences, 429 Mesocosm experiments, 54, 59 Mesocosms, 173-175, 205 Methodical study, 454 Microalgae, 166, 236, 311, 313, 347, 375-382

Microsatellite DNA markers, 322, 326

Middle Pleistocene, 6-8

Mishnah, 437, 440-442, 445, 452

Mitigation, 25, 275, 363

Mitzvot, 429

Moba, 221-224, 226

Moisture content, 262, 293

Molecular markers, 326-327

Molecular screens, 342

Mollusk, 59, 132-135

173, 269 Monocious, 324 Monoculture, 279, 312, 367 Monoecious species, 341, 344 Monospecies aquaculture, 313 Monostromatic, 342 Monotheism, 403, 407 Moral, 404-406, 412, 413, 417, 418, 430,

431, 452, 457 Motivation, 409, 426, 427, 447 Multicellular photosynthetic organisms

(MPOs), 34, 36, 41 Mycosporine-like aminoacids (MAA), 166, 169, 170, 189-191, 207-209, 212

Native American, 428 Natural balance, 415 Nature conservation, 425, 426, 429 Nature management, 315 Nature protection, 405, 425, 429, 430, 441, 459

N concentrations (NO3-N + NH4-N), 287 New ecology, 414-415, 418, 443 NH4-N, 349

Niche modeling, 95-112

Nile Delta, 310, 315 Nirvana, 427

Nitrate reductase (NR), 122, 166, 364 Nitrogen assimilation, 119, 122, 364 Nitrogen metabolism, 122, 123 NOAA. See United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NO3-N, 349

Nori, 95-98, 108, 342, 349, 362, xvii Nova Scotia, 74, 75, 78, 79, 83, 87 NO , 359

Nutrients, 24, 26, 61, 80, 97, 101, 111, 117, 129, 159-175, 185, 190, 224, 225, 235, 240, 243, 245, 247, 255, 272, 275-277, 287, 297, 302, 307-313, 315, 331, 345-350, 359, 361, 363, 367, 378, 381, 382, 393 credits, 255

removal, 275, 346, 348-350 supply, 169, 235, 307-309, 311, 378 uptake capacity, 349 Nutrification, 367

Occupancy, 454

Ocean(s), 5, 22, 24, 53, 54, 57, 62, 73, 100, 121, 149, 159, 219, 221, 223-225, 232, 308, 309, 365, 432 acidification, 58-60, 121 nutrification, 367 warming, 57, 142 Ocean Regional Circulation, 22 Oil, 220, 231-24, 275, 314, 360, 366, 376, 377, 379, 381-383, 425 extraction, 236, 238, 239, 247 seeds, 237, 238 spills, 33

yield(s), 232, 235-237, 241-243 Ontogeny, 54

Open sea, 224, 274-277, 349 Optical density, 211, 212 Organic pollution, 287 Osmosis regulation, 191 Osmotic regulators, 207 Outdoor system, 377-379 Overfishing, 23, 25 Over-population, 404

Oxidative burst, 147, 148, 172 Ozone, 149, 159-167, 186, 201-204, 212, 332 depletion, 159-167, 186, 201 hole, xvi, 165, 203, 212

Palm, 220, 232, 238, 242, 366, 376, 379 Palythine, 170, 208, 209 PAM fluorometry, 164, 205 PAR. See Photosynthetically active radiation Partnership, 368, 453-457, 460 Patagonia, 168, 201-212, 288 Pathogenicity, 150 P concentrations, 347 Peak oil, 231-247 Perennating stage, 343 PFD. See Photon flux density pH, 22, 23, 25, 54, 58-60, 111, 117, 121-123, 166, 170, 278, 289, 291, 293-295, 297, 299 Pharmaceuticals, 231, 361, 367,

379, 388 Pharmacology, 387-394 Phenology, 53, 54, 325-326, 331 Philippines, 255-257, 262-266, 268-271,

275, 325, 362 Philosophical, 416, 437, 452 Philosophical literature, 437 Philosophy, 314, 409, 412-414, 429, 437 Phlorotannins, 189, 190 Phosphate production, 245-247 Photic zone, xvii Photobioreactor, 378, 383 Photochemical efficiency, 120 Photodamage, 166, 191, 206 Photoinhibition, 23, 163, 165, 166, 171,

188-190, 201, 206 Photon flux density (PFD), 345, 346 Photooxidative, 381 Photorespiration, 118, 310 Photosynthesis, xvii, 117-121, 123, 164, 166, 167, 171, 173, 185, 187, 188, 191, 203, 205-207, 236, 241, 242, 245, 310, 332, 333, 347, 363, 364,376

Photosynthetic acclimation, 120, 123, 167

Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), 106, 147, 166, 171, 185, 187-191, 201, 203-206, 208-210, 242, 332 Photosynthetic efficiency (PSE), 187, 188,

240-242, 244, 360 Photosynthetic electron transport, 212 Phycobiliprotein, 120, 122, 169 Phycocolloid(s), 227, 275, 321, 361 Phycocolloid industry, 321 Phylogenetic analysis, 341 Physico-chemical elements, 160 Physiology, 23, 43, 54, 55, 60, 117, 173,

341-350, 375, 417 Phytoplankton, 55, 56, 59, 62, 122,

159-161, 170, 172, 174, 185, 187, 188, 191, 201, 223, 308, 310, 311, 375 Planet Earth, ix, xix, xv, xvi, xvii, xviii, 21, 33, 34, 73, 96, 104, 159, 186, 201, 202, 220, 241, 247, 332, 403-407, 409-412, 414, 415, 417-419, 427-429, 432, 459 Polar vortex, 203 Political management, 388 Pollution, xv, xvi, xviii, 23, 26, 33, 63, 160, 162, 170, 219, 222, 287, 288, 359, 360, 406, 441, 453, 458 Polyculture, 275, 279, 313, 361 Polyembryony, 323 Population dynamics, 57, 203, 328 Population genetic structure, 329 Postglacial rebound, 9 Post-harvest management, 257-262 Post-natural, 416 Pre-Christian, 403 Pre-industrial age, 13 Preservation of the species, 458 Primary production, 22, 117, 167, 170, 172,

185, 201, 308-310, 312, 360 Production, 22, 60, 78-85, 111, 117, 121, 149, 160, 163, 167, 170-173, 185, 188, 201, 203, 219-228, 231-236, 242-247, 255-257, 264, 273-277, 279, 294-296, 307-316, 322, 323, 325, 328-329, 332, 343, 345, 347-349, 359-368, 375-382, 431 Productivity, xv, xvii, 78-85, 145, 149, 186, 188, 201, 222-223, 259, 265, 275-277, 308, 310, 315, 316, 360, 363, 364, 405 Progressive development, 307-316

Public-private partnerships, 368 Pulse amplitude modulated (PAM), 164, 172, 205

Quantum yield, 120, 164, 171, 189, 191, 206 Quarantine, 41, 270, 273

RAdio Detecting And Ranging

Reactors, 240, 243-244, 380 Recruitment, 56, 58, 61, 77, 81, 84-85,

129-136, 188, 322, 326, 328, 332, 333 Red list species, 425, 427 Red Sea, xv, 36, 39, 40, 45 Reef areas, 258 Re-inventing nature, 415-419 Religion, 403-419, 427-430, 432, 451 Remote sensing, 95-112 Renewable energy, 359, 376 Reproductive cells, 341, 344 Resource conservation, 425-432 Rhodobionta, 34, 43 Rhodolith beds, 129-136 Ribosomal RNA gene, 342 Ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase large (rbcL) subunit gene, 342

54, 61, 63, 309, 311, 312 Rising temperature, 24, 54, 56 Rocky intertidal, 55, 56, 60, 61, 73-87, 100 Rocky shore, 57, 60, 61, 76, 161, 164,

203, 329 Roman-catholic church, 431 rRNA, 291, 293, 297, 298, 341 Rubisco, 118, 120, 122, 123, 166

Salinity, 22, 23, 53, 61, 73, 97, 160, 171, 246, 264, 267, 278, 289-291, 310, 328, 333, 345, 346, 392 tolerance, 293 Salt intrusion, 5 Sampling design, 131, 171 Santa Cruz Province, 202

Sardinia, 7

Satellite altimetry, 8, 9 Save the earth, 406, 409 Scallops larvae, 134

425, 426, 432 Scientific Committee on Food (SCF), 259 Scytonemin, 189 Sea beds, 202, 224, 225 Sea currents, 310 Sea floor, 5, 134, 387 Sea grasses, 23, 24, 221 Sea level, xvi, xviii, 5-14, 21, 22, 24-26, 53,

54, 61, 63, 159, 309-312, 315 Seashore environment, 221, 287 Seasonal variation, 130, 134, 135, 364 Sea vegetables, 359

Seawater temperature, xvii, 74, 77, 82, 85, 143, 186, 264, 269, 278, 279, 325, 331, 332

Seaweed(s), xvii-xviii, 33, 61, 73, 95, 117, 149, 185, 202, 219, 236, 255, 287, 308, 321, 342, 359, 389, 426 aquaculture, 343, 361-363, 367 assemblages, 61, 100, 101, 112 biomass, 259, 262, 275, 287, 288, 313, 360, 366

composting, 287-289, 291-293, 298-300 crop, 269, 342 cultivation system, 276 ecophysiology, 109, 339-340 farming, 262-265, 279, 363 farms, 264, 312, 366-367 industry, 74, 79, 339, 362, 367 recycling, 287-289 reproduction, 321, 331 Secondary metabolite, 170, 388-389 Sedimentation, 61, 63, 130, 328 Semi-intensive IMTA, 312 Shade plants, 212

Shelter, xvii, 76, 77, 141, 211, 256, 407 Shinorine, 170, 208, 209 Shintoism, 428 Sicily, 7, 42

Small subunit (SSU), 341, 342 SO2, 359

Sodium alginate, 79, 297, 298 Soil amendment, 129 Solar radiation, 25, 166, 185, 186, 188-191, 201-206, 208, 210-212, 241, 242 Solar visible radiation, 185 Solar zenith angle, 203 SONAR, 97

Soybean, 235, 238, 242, 366 Spatial data, 95-98, 108-109 Spatial information, 95-97 Species composition, 59, 74, 143, 161,

162, 171

Species introduction, 33, 36, 270 Species richness, 130, 161-164,

171, 173 Spore coalescence, 330 Spore dispersal, 328, 329 Spore germination, 167, 189, 329-330 Spore production, 323, 328-329 Sporophyte, 141-151, 322, 324, 343, 346

SQDG. See Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol

Squeeze effects, 22

Stalagmites, 7

Substantial hazards, 454

Subtidal seaweeds, 101 Sugarcane, 220, 234, 376 Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG), 390 Super-natural, 406 Supralittoral, 164, 167, 201, 203, 205 Surface seawater temperature (SST), 22, 35, 36, 42-44, 74, 75, 77, 81, 82, 85, 86, 105, 108, 264, 269, 278, 279 Sustainable culture, 341-350 Sustainable development, 288, 307, 350 Synthesis de novo, 122

276, 278 Tao, 413 Tectonics, 5-7

Temperature, xv-xviii, 13, 21-26, 35, 42, 53-60, 62, 73-75, 77, 81, 82, 85-87, 97, 101, 105, 142-144, 150, 159, 163-168, 171-174, 186, 221, 231, 264, 267, 269, 272, 278, 279, 289-291, 293-295, 297, 299, 309, 310, 324, 325, 328, 330-333, 345, 363, 377-380, 414 increase, 54-58, 142, 163, 363 limitation, 142 Tetraspores, 323, 324, 326-329, 332 The LORD, 429, 457, 459 Theocentric approach, 439 Theology, 410, 413, 414, 425-432, 437 Thermal expansion, 9, 13, 21 Thermophilic species, 41-43, 45 The Tree of Life, 437, 459 Three circles, 437-447 Tidal zone, 57, 61, 76-77, 81, 84-86, 117,

160, 173, 187, 191, 202 Tide-gauging, 6, 8-11 Tide-gauging station, 8, 11 "To cultivate it and keep it," 457 Torah, 429, 437 To stay alive, 428 Toxicity, 148, 300-302 Tradition, 258, 313, 375-377, 403, 404, 406, 409, 412-414, 418, 427, 428, 430, 432, 438, 452, 453, 456, 457 Trophic interactions, 55 Tropical, xv, 24, 40-45, 55, 58, 61, 108, 122, 164, 168, 256, 270, 322, 331, 364, 376, 382, 387, 393, 394 Tropical species, 40-42, 45, 58, 331 Turf algae, 23, 24 Turkey, 95, 388

Ubatuba, 259 Ultrasonic extraction, 240 Ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ix, xvi-xviii, 53, 147, 149, 150, 159-175, 185-191, 201-212, 311, 326, 332, 343 absorbing compounds, 189-191, 206-212 UV-A, 185-189, 191, 201, 203-206, 209 UV-B, 165, 174, 185-191, 201, 203-205, 212

United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 21, 111 Universal symbol, 432 Uranium, xix, 7, 425 Uranium-Thorium (U-Th) dating, 7 Urchins, 57, 59, 60, 388 Useful, 103, 110, 163, 186, 219, 221-225, 227, 242, 339, 342, 349, 366, 404, 417, 425 Utilitarian ecology, 456

Vertical mixing, 310 Vice-gerents, 405

Vulnerability, 24, 25, 77, 141, 142, 159-175, 269, 333

Wakame, 287-302

Warming, xv-xviii, 5, 7, 13, 21, 33-46, 55-58, 73, 142, 144, 159, 164, 174, 219, 255, 307-315, 331, 359-368, 419, 437-447, 451-460 Warming trend, 142 Warm-water species, 35, 42, 58,

164,331 Water is life, 432 Water motion, 129

219, 222, 256 Water temperatures, 22, 24, 56-58, 73, 75, 85, 159, 164, 221, 264, 272, 331

Weather changes, xv, 23, 164, 379 Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), 99

276, 278 Zohar, 437

Zonation, 23, 121, 167, 191, 212 Zygotospores, 344

Trash Cash Machine

Trash Cash Machine

How recyclable trash can save the world and bank us huge profits! Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Recycling! This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To How To Make Profits With Trash!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment