References

Cede A, Luccini E, Nunez L, Piacentini RD, Blumthaler M, and Herman JR (2004) TOMS-derived erythemal irradiance versus measurements at the stations of the Argentine UV monitoring network. Journal of Geophysical Research 109(D08109): 1 - 11 Chubarova NY, and Nezval YI (2000) Thirty year variability of UV irradiance in Moscow.

Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D10): 25867 - 25876 Chubarova NY, Yurova AY, and Krotkov N (2002) Comparisons between ground measurements of broadband ultraviolet irradiance (300 nm to 380 nm) and total ozone mapping spectrometer ultraviolet estimates at Moscow from 1979 to 2000. Optical Engineering 41(12): 3071 - 3081 Ciren P, and Li Z (2003) Long-term global earth surface ultraviolet radiation exposure. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 120: 51 - 68 den Outer PN, Slaper H, and Tax RB (2005) UV radiation in the Netherlands: Assessing long-term variability and trends in relation to ozone and clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research 110(D02203): 1 -11

Dharmarajan TS (2008) Chapter 4 Aging and the Skin: The Geriatrician's Perspective. In: Diagnosis of Aging Skin Diseases. Springer, London 978-1-84628-677-3 (Print) 978-1-84628-678-0 (Online)

Environment Canada (2008) (http://es-ee.tor.ec.gc.ca/e//ozone/uv_index_definition.htm, accessed in Nov. 2008

Fioletov VE, McArthur LJB, Kerr JB, and Wardle DI (2001) Long-term variations of UV-B irradiance over Canada estimated from Brewer observations and derived from ozone and pyranometer measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(D19):23009-23027 Fioletov VE, Kerr JB, Wardle DI, Krotkov N, and Herman JR (2002) Comparison of Brewer ultraviolet irradiance measurements with total ozone mapping spectrometer satellite retrievals. Optical Engineering 41(12): 3051 - 3061 Fioletov VE, Kerr JB, McArthur LJB, Wardle DI, and Mathews TW (2003) Estimating UV

index climatology over Canada. Journal of Applied Meteorology 42: 417 - 433 Fioletov VE, Kimlin MG, Krotkov N, McArthur LJB, Kerr JB, Wardle DI, Herman JR, Meltzer R, Mathews TW, and Kaurola J (2004) UV index climatology over the United States and Canada from ground-based and satellite estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research 109(D22308): 1 -13

Herman JR, Piacentini RD, Ziemke J, Celarier E, and Larko D (2000) Interannual variability of ozone and UV-B ultraviolet exposure. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D23): 29189 - 29193

Herman JR, Larko D, and Ziemke J (2001) Changes in the earth's global UV reflectivity from clouds and aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) 106: 5353 - 5368 Kalliskota S, Kaurola J, Taalas P, and Herman JR (2000) Comparison of daily UV doses estimated from Nimbus 7/TOMS measurements and ground-based spectroradiometric data. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D4): 5059 - 5067 Kaurola J, Taalas P, Koskela T, Borkowski J, and Josefsson W (2000) Long-term variations of UV-B doses at three stations in northern Europe. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D16): 20813 - 20820

Krotkov NA, Herman JR, Bhartia PK, Fioletov V, and Ahmad Z (2001) Satellite estimation of spectral surface UV irradiance 2. Effects of homogeneous clouds and snow. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) 106: 11743 - 11759 Li Z, Wang P, and Cihlar J (2000) A simple and efficient method for retrieving surface UV

radiation dose rate from satellite. Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 5025 - 5036 McKinlay AF, and Diffey BL (1987a) A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin. CIE Research Note, CIE Journal Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage 6: 17 - 22

McKinlay AF, and Diffey BL (1987b) A reference action spectrum for ultra-violet induced erythema in human skin. In: Passchier WF, Bosnajakovic BFM (eds) Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp.83 - 87 McKenzie R, Seckmeyer G, Bais AF, Kerr JB, and Madronich S (2001) Satellite retrievals of erythemal UV dose compared with ground-based measurements at northern and southern mid-latitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) 106: 24051 - 24062 McPeters RD, Bhartia PK, Krueger AJ, Herman JR, Wellemeyer CG, Seftor CJ, Jaross G, Torres O, Moy L, Labow G, Byerly W, Taylor SL, Swissler T, and Cebula RP (1998) Earth Probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Data Products User's Guide. NASA Technical Publication 1998-206895. Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771, USA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (2008) http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/, accessed in Nov. 2008

Pubu C, and Li Z (2001) Anisotropic reflection of UV radiation at the top of the atmosphere: Characteristics and models obtained from Meteor 3/TOMS. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(D5): 4741 - 4755

Udelhofen PM, Roy PGC, and Randel WJ (1999) Surface UV radiation over Australia, 1979 - 1992 effects of ozone and cloud cover changes on variations of UV radiation. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D16): 19135 - 19159 Wang P, Li Z, and Cihlar J (2000) Validation of an UV inversion algorithm using satellite and surface measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D4): 5037 - 5048 Ziemke JR, Chandra S, Herman J, and Varotsos C (2003) Erythemally weighted UV trends over northern latitudes derived from Nimbus 7 TOMS measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D6): 7373 - 7382

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment