Barnes PW, Flint SD and Caldwell MM (1987) Photosynthesis damage and protective pigments in plants from a latitudinal arctic/alpine gradient exposed to supplemental UV-B radiation in the field. Arctic and Alpine Research 19: 21 - 27 Beerhues L, Robenek H and Wiermann R (1988) Chalcone synthesis from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) II. Immunofluorescence and immunogold localization. Planta 173: 544 - 553 Beggs CJ, Schneider-Ziebert U and Wellmann E (1986) UV-B radiation and adaptive mechanisms in plants. pp.235 - 250 In Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life. R.C. Worrest and M.M. Caldwell (eds) Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg Bennett PV, Hada M, Hidema J, Lepre AM, Pope LC, Quaite FE, Sullivan JH, Takayanagi S, Sutherland JC and Sutherland BM (2001) Isolation of High Molecular Length DNA: Alfalfa, Pea, Rice, Sorghum, Soybean and Spinach. Crop Science 41: 167 - 172 Björn LO, and Murphy TM (1985) Computer calculation of solar ultraviolet radiation at ground level. Physiologia Vegetatio 23: 555 - 561 Bogenrieder A and Klein R (1982) Does solar UV influence the competitive relationship in higher plants? In Calkins J, (ed.). The role of solar ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems. pp.641 - 649. Plenum Press, New York Buzzell RI, Buttery BR and Bernard RI (1977) Inheritance and linkage of a magenta flower gene in soybeans. Can. J. Genet. Cytology. 19: 749 - 751
Caldwell MM (1971) Solar ultraviolet radiation and the growth and development of higher plants, pp.131 -177, In A. C. Giese, ed. Photophysiology, Vol. 6. Academic Press, New York
Caldwell MM, Robberecht R and Flint SD (1983) Internal filters: prospects for UV-acclimation in higher plants. Physiol. Plant. 58: 445 - 450 Caldwell MM, Ballare CL, Bornman JF, Flint SD, Bjorn LO, Teramura AH, Kulandaivelu G, and Tevini M (2003) Terrestrial ecosystems, increased solar ultraviolet radiation and interactions with other climatic change factors. Photochemistry. Photobiology. Science. 2, 29 - 38 Chappell J and Hahlbrock K (1984) Transcription of plant defense genes in response to UV
light or fungal elicitor. Nature (London) 311: 76 - 78 Cosio EG, and McClure JW (1984) Kaempferol glycosides and enzymes of the flavonol biosynthesis in leaves of a soybean strain with low photosynthetic rates. Plant Physiol. 74, 877 - 881
Dale JE (1988) The control of leaf expansion. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Molec. Biol. 39: 267 - 295
Dany A-L, Douki T, Triantaphylides C and Cadet J (2001) Repair of the main UV-induced thymine dimeric lesions within Arabidopsis thaliana DNA: evidence for the major involvement of photoreactivation pathways. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology 65: 127 - 135 Day TA (1993) Relating UV-B radiation screening effectiveness of foliage to absorbing-compound concentration and anatomical characteristics in a diverse group of plants. Oecologia 95: 542 - 550
Day TA, Howells BW and Rice WJ (1994) Ultraviolet absorption and epidermal-transmittance spectra in foliage. Physiol. Plant. 92, 207 - 218 Dillenburg LR, Sullivan JH and Teramura AH (1994) Leaf expansion and development of photosynthetic capacity and pigments in Liquidambar styraciflua—Effects of UV-B radiation. Amer. J. Bot. 82: 878 - 885w Freeman SE, Blackett AD, Monteleone DC, Setlow RB, Sutherland BM and Sutherland JC (1986) Quantitation of radiation-, chemical-, or enzyme-induced single strand breaks in nonradioactive DNA by alkaline gel electrophoresis: application to pyrimidine dimers. Analytical Biochemistry 158: 119 - 129 Frohnmeyer H, and Staiger D (2003) Ultraviolet-B Radiation-Mediated Responses in Plants.
Balancing Damage and Protection' Plant Physiology 133: 1420 - 1428 Giese AC (1964) Studies on ultraviolet radiation action upon animal cells. In Photophysiology.
Vol 2 (Edited by A.C. Giese), pp.203 - 245. Academic Press, New York Gitz DC, Liu-Gitz L, Britz SJ and Sullivan JH (2005) Ultraviolet-B effects on stomatal density, water use efficiency and stable carbon isotope discrimination in four glasshouse-grown soybean (Glycine max) cultivars. Env. Exp. Bot. 53: 343 - 355 Green AES, Cross KR, and Smith LA (1980) Improved Analytical characterization of ultraviolet skylight. Photochemistry Photobiology 31: 59 - 65 Jansen MAK, Gaba V, and Greenberg BM (1998) Higher plants and UV-B radiation: balancing damage, repair and acclimation. Trends in Plant Science 3: 131 - 135 Kang HS, Hidema J, and Kumagai T (1998) Effects of light environment during culture on UV-induced cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimers and their photorepair in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Photochemistry Photobiology 68: 71 - 77
Kerr RA (1995) At quadrennial geophysics fest, Earth scientists think globally. Science 269: 477 - 478
Kirk-Davidoff DB, Hintsa EJ, Anderson JD, and Keith DW (1999) The effect of climate change on ozone depletion through changes in stratospheric water vapour. Nature 402: 399 - 401 Krizek DT, Britz SJ and Mirecki RM (1998) Inhibitory effects of ambient levels of solar UV-A and UV-B radiation on growth of cv. New Red Fire lettuce. Physiologia Plantarum 3: 1 - 7 Liu L and McClure JW (1995) Effects of UV-B on activities of enzymes of secondary phenolic metabolism in barley primary leaves. Physiologia Plantarum 93: 734 - 739 Liu L, Gitz DC and McClure JW (1995) Effects of UV-B on flavonoids, ferulic acid, growth and photosynthesis in Barley primary leaves. Physiol. Plant. 93: 725 - 733 Mabry TJ, Markham KR and Thomas MB (1970) The systematic identification of flavonoids. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
Mazza CA, Boccalandro H, Giordano CV, Battista D, Scopel AL, and Ballare CL (2000) Functional significance and induction by solar radiation of ultraviolet-absorbing sunscreens in field-grown soybean crops. Plant Physiology 122: 117 - 125.Sumere, (eds.). Plenum Press. New York and London. pp. 525 - 556 McClure JW (1986) Physiology of flavonoids in plants. pp. 77 - 85. In (V. Cody, E. Middleton and J.B. Harborne, eds) Plant Flavonoids in Biology and Medicine: Biochemical, Pharmacological, and Structure-activity Relationships. Alan Risws, Inc. Mohr H and Drumm-Herrel H (1983) Coaction between phytochrome and blue/UV light in anthocyanin synthesis in seedlings. Physiol. Plant. 58: 408 - 414 Mori T, Nakane M, Hattori T, Matsunaga T, Ihara M, and Nikaido O (1991) Simultaneous establishment of monoclonal antibodies specific for either cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer or (6,4) photoproduct from the same mouse immunized with ultraviolet-irradiated DNA. Photochemistry and Photobiology 54: 225 - 232 Murali NS and Teramura AH (1986) Effects of supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation on the growth and physiology of field-grown soybean. Environmental and Experimental Botany 26: 233 - 242
Pope LC (2000) Ultraviolet-B radiation effects on two soybean isolines that differ in flavonoid concentration. M.S. Thesis. University of Maryland. 111 Quaite FE, Sutherland BM, and Sutherland JC (1992) Quantification of pyrimidine dimers in DNA from UV-B irradiated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedlings. Applied and Theoretical Electrophoresis 2: 171 - 175 Quaite FE, Sutherland JC, and Sutherland BM (1994) Isolation of high molecular weight plant DNA for DNA damage quantification: relative effects of solar 297 nm UVB and 365 nm radiation. Plant Molecular Biology 24: 475 - 483 Raven JA (1977) Evolution of vascular land plants. Adv. Bot. Res. 5: 154 - 219 Robberecht R and Caldwell MM (1978). Leaf epidermal transmittance of ultraviolet radiation and its implications for plant sensitivity to ultraviolet-radiation induced injury. Oecologia (Berl.) 32: 277 - 287
Robberecht R and Caldwell MM (1983) Protective mechanisms and acclimation to solar ultraviolet-B radiation in Oenothera stricta. Plant Cell Environ. 6: 477 - 485
Schnitzler JP, Jungblut TP, Feicht C, Kofferlein M, Langebartels C, Heller W and Sandermann Jr. H (1997) UV-B induction of flavonoid biosynthesis in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings. Trees Structure and Function 11: 162 - 168 Statistical Analysis System, Inc. (2000) SAS Users Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, N.C. 584
Salawitch RJ, Margitan JJ, Sen B, Toon GC, Osterman GB, Rex M, Elkins JW, Ray EA, Moore FL, Hurst DF, Romashkin PA, Bevilacqua RM, Hoppel KW, Richard EC and Bui TP (2002) Chemical loss of ozone during the Arctic winter of 1999 - 2000: An analysis based on balloonborne observations, Journal of Geophysical Research 107: 8269 Schnitzler JP, Jungblut TP, Feicht C, Kofferlein M, Langebartels C, Heller W and Sandermann Jr. H (1997) UV-B induction of flavonoid biosynthesis in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings. Trees Structure and Function 11: 162 - 168 Searles PS, Flint SD and Caldwell MM (2001) A meta-analysis of plant field studies simulating stratospheric ozone depletion. Oecologia 127: 1 - 10 Sheahan JJ (1996) Sinapate esters provide greater UV-B attenuation than flavonoids in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 679 - 686 Sinclair TR, N'Diaya O and Biggs RH (1990) Growth and yield of field-grown soybean in response to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation. J. Environ Qual. 19: 478 - 481 Stafford HA (1991) Flavonoid evolution: An enzymatic approach. Plant Physiol. 96: 680 - 685 Stapleton AE (1999) Measurement of UV Radiation-Induced DNA Damage Using Specific Antibodies, In E. D. S. Henderson, ed. DNA Repair Protocols: Eukaryotic Systems, Vol. 113. Humana Press Publishing Agencies, Totowa, NJ Stapleton AE and Walbot V (1994) Flavonoids can protect maize DNA from the induction of ultraviolet radiation damage. Plant Physiology 105: 881 - 889 Stapleton AE, Mori T, and Walbot V (1993) A simple and sensitive anti-body-based method to measure UV-induced DNA damage in Zea mays. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 11: 230 - 236
Stapleton AE, Thorner CS and Walbot V (1997) UV-B component of sunlight causes measurable damage in field-grown maize (Zea mays L.): developmental and cellular heterogeneity of damage and repair. Plant Cell and Environment 20: 279 - 290 Sullivan JH (2005) Possible impacts of changes in UV-B radiation on North American trees and forests. Invited Review. Env. Pol. 137: 380 - 389 Sullivan JH and Teramura AH (1989) The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on loblolly pines I. Growth, photosynthesis and pigment production in greenhouse grown saplings. Physiol. Plant. 77: 202 - 207
Sullivan JH and Teramura AH (1990) Field studies on the interaction between supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation and drought on soybean growth and physiology. Plant Physiology 92: 141 -146
Sullivan JH, Teramura AH and Ziska LH (1992) Variation in UV-B sensitivity in plants from a
3,000 m elevational gradient in Hawaii. Amer. J. Bot. 79: 737 - 743 Sullivan JH, Howells BW, Ruhland C and Day TA (1996) Influence of leaf age and enhanced UV-B radiation on epidermal penetration by UV-B radiation in loblolly pine and sweetgum. Physiologia Plantarum 98: 349 - 357
Sullivan JH, Gitz DC, Liu-Gitz L, Xu C, Gao W and Slusser J (2007) Coupling short-term changes in ambient UV-B levels with induction of UV-screening compounds. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 83: 863 - 870 Sutherland BM, Takayanagi S, Sullivan JH, and Sutherland JC (1996) Plant responses to changing environmental stress: cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimer repair in soybean leaves. Photochemistry Photobiology 64: 464 - 468 Sutherland JC, Monteleone DC, Mugavero JH, and Trunk JG (1987) Unidirectional pulse-field electrophoresis of single- and double-stranded DNA in agarose gels: analytical expressions relating mobility and molecular length and their application in the measurement of strand breaks. Analytical Biochemistry 162: 511 - 520 Sutherland JC, Chen CZ, Emrick A, Hacham H, Monteleone DC, Ribeiro E, Trunk JG, and Sutherland BM (1990) Lesion measurment in non-radioactive DNA by quantitative gel electrophoresis, pp. 45 - 61, In Sutherland BM and Woodhead AD (eds). DNA Damage and Repair in Human Tissues. Plenum Press, New York Teramura AH, Sullivan JH, and Lydon J (1990) Effects of UV-B radiation on soybean yield and seed quality: A 6-year field study. Physiologia Plantarum 80: 5 - 11 Tevini M, Braun J and Fieser F (1991) The protective function of the epidermal layer of rye seedlings against ultraviolet-B radiation. Photochem. Photobiol. 53: 329 - 333 Vogelmann TC (1994) Light within the plant. In: Photomorphogenesis in Plants. 2nd. Ed. (Kendrick RE and Kronenburg GHM, eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordecht, The Netherlands. pp. 491 - 535 Waibel AE, Peter T, Carslaw K, Oelhaf H, Wetzel G, Crutzen PJ, Pöschl U, Tsias A, Reimer E, and Fischer H (1999) Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification. Science 283: 2064 - 2069 Wellman E (1983) UV radiation: Definitions, characteristics and general effects. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New Series. Vol. 16B. (Shropshire W & Mohr H, ed,), pp.745 - 756, Springer Verlag, Berlin
WMO (World Meteorological Organization) (2003). Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2002. Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project—Report No, 47 Ajavon AN, Albritton DL, Megie G, Watson RT (eds). World Meteorological Organization. Geneva Xu C, Natarajan S and Sullivan JH (2008a) Impact of Solar Ultraviolet-B radiation on the antioxidant defense system in soybean lines differing in flavonoids biosynthesis. Environmental and Experimental Botany 63: 39 - 48 Xu C, Sullivan JH, Garrett WM, Caperna TJ, Natarajan S (2008b) Impact of solar ultraviolet-B radiation on the proteome in soybean lines differing in flavonoid contents. Phytochemistry 69: 38 - 48
Ziska LE, Teramura AH and Sullivan JH (1992) Physiological sensitivity to plants along an elevational gradient to UV-B radiation. American Journal of Botany 79: 863 - 871
Was this article helpful?