References

Bernhard G, Booth CR, and Ehramjian JC (2004) Version 2 Data of the National Science Foundation's Ultraviolet Radiation Monitoring Network: South Pole. J. Geophys. Res. 109:D21207, doi:10.1029/2004JD004937 Bernhard G, Booth CR, and Ehramjian JC (2005) UV Climatology at Palmer Station, Antarctica. In: Bernhard G, Slusser JR, Herman JR, Gao W (eds) Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V. Proceedings of SPIE International Society of Optical Engineering 5886, pp.588607-1 - 588607-12 Bernhard G, Booth CR, Ehramjian JC, and Quang VV (2006a) NSF Polar Programs UV Spectroradiometer Network 2004 - 2005 Operations Report, Volume 14.0, p.257, Biospherical Instruments Inc., San Diego, CA, http://www.biospherical.com/NSF Bernhard G, Booth CR, Ehramjian JC, and Nichol SE (2006b) UV climatology at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, Version 2 Data of the National Science Foundation's Ultraviolet Radiation Monitoring Network. J. Geophys. Res. 111:D11201, doi:10.1029/2005JD005857 Bernhard G, Booth CR, Ehramjian JC, Stone R, and Dutton EG (2007) Ultraviolet and visible radiation at Barrow, Alaska: Climatology and influencing factors on the basis of Version 2 National Science Foundation network data. J. Geophys. Res. 112:D09101, doi:10.1029/ 2006JD007865

Bernhard G, Booth CR, and Ehramjian JC (2008) Comparison of UV irradiance measurements at Summit, Greenland; Barrow, Alaska; and South Pole. Antarctica. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8: 4799 - 4810, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4799/ Bodhaine BA and Dutton EG (1993) A long-term decrease in Artic haze at Barrow, Alaska. Geophys. Res. Lett. 20: 947 - 950

Booth CR, Lucas TB, Morrow JH, Weiler CS, and Penhale PA (1994) The United States National Science Foundation's polar network for monitoring ultraviolet radiation. Weiler CS, Penhale PA (eds). Antarc. Res. Ser. 62: 17 - 37 Chubachi S (1984) Preliminary results of ozone observations at Syowa Station from February

1982 to January 1983. Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res. Jap., Spec. Issue 34: 13 -19 Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) (2004) Summary Report 27, 2002 - 2003. Schnell RC, Buggle A-M, Rosson RM (eds) U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Boulder, CO

Dutton EG, Farhadi A, Stone RS, Long CN, and Nelson DW (2004) Long-term variations in the occurrence and effective solar transmission of clouds as determined from surface-based total irradiance observations. J. Geophys. Res. 109:D03204, doi:10.1029/2003JD003568 Farman JC, Gardiner BG, and Shanklin JD (1985) Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClO* /NO* interaction. Nature 315: 207 _ 210 Fioletov VE, McArthur LJB, Kerr JB, and Wardle DI (2001) Long-term variations of UV-B irradiance over Canada estimated from Brewer observations and derived from ozone and pyranometer measurements. J. Geophys. Res. 106(D19): 23009 _ 23028, 10.1029/2001JD000367

Grenfell TC, Warren SG, and Mullen PC (1994) Reflection of solar radiation by the Antarctic snow surface at ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared wavelengths. J. Geophys. Res. 99(D9): 18669 -18684

Gröbner J, Blumthaler M, Kazadzis S, Bais A, Webb A, Schreder J, Seckmeyer G, and Rembges D (2006) Quality assurance of spectral solar UV measurements: results from 25 UV monitoring sites in Europe, 2002 to 2004. Metrologia 43: S66 - S71, DOI:10.1088/0026-1394/43/2/S14 Holton JR, Haynes PH, McIntyre ME, Douglass AR, Rood RB, and Pfister L (1995)

Stratosphere-troposphere exchange. Rev. Geophys. 33(4): 403 - 440 Kaye JA, Hicks BB, Weatherhead EC, Long CS, and Slusser JR (1999) U.S. Interagency UV

Monitoring Program established and operating. EOS 80(10): 113 - 116 Knudsen BM and Andersen SB (2001) Longitudinal variation in springtime ozone trends Nature 413: 699 -700

Mayer B and Kylling A (2005) Technical note: the libRadtran software package for radiative transfer calculations—description and examples of use. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5: 1855 -1877, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/1855/ McKenzie R, Connor B, and Bodeker G (1999) Increased summertime UV radiation in New Zealand in response to ozone loss. Science 285(5434): 1709 _ 1711, DOI:10.1126/science. 285.5434.1709

McKinlay AF and Diffey BL (eds) (1987) A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin. In: Commission International de l'Éclairage (CIE). Research Note 6(1): 17 - 22

McPeters RD and Labow GJ (1996) An assessment of the accuracy of 14.5 years of Nimbus 7 TOMS Version 7 ozone data by comparison with the Dobson network. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23(25): 3695 - 3698 Mims FM and Frederick JE (1994) Cumulus clouds and UVB. Nature 371: 291 Moan J and Dahlback A (1992) The relationship between skin cancers, solar radiation, and ozone depletion. British Journal of Cancer 65: 916 - 921

Moline MA, Prezelin BB, Schofield O, and Smith RC (1997) Temporal dynamics of coastal Antarctic phytoplankton: environmental driving forces and impact of a 1991/1992 summer diatom bloom on the nutrient regimes. In: Battaglia B, Valencia J, Walton DWH (eds) Antarctic Communities. Cambridge Press, London, 67 _ 72 Nichol SE, Pfister G, Bodeker GE, McKenzie RL, Wood SW, and Bernhard G (2003) Moderation of cloud reduction of UV in the Antarctic due to high surface albedo. J. Appl. Meteorol. 42(8): 1174 -1183

Rex M, Salawitch RJ, von der Gathen P, Harris NRP, Chipperfield MP, and Naujokat B (2004) Arctic ozone loss and climate change. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31:L04116, doi:10.1029/2003GL018844 Ricchiazzi P, Gautier C, and Lubin D (1995) Cloud scattering optical depth and local surface albedo in the Antarctic: simultaneous retrieval using ground-based radiometry. J. Geophys. Res. 100(D10): 21091 - 21104 Shaw GE (1982) Atmospheric turbidity in the Polar regions. J. Appl. Meteorol. 21: 1080 - 1088 Seckmeyer G, Erb R, and Albold A (1996) Transmittance of a cloud is wavelength-dependent in the UV-range. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23(20): 2753 -2756 Stone RS, Dutton EG, Harris JM, and Longenecker D (2002) Earlier spring snowmelt in northern Alaska as an indicator of climate change. J. Geophys. Res. 107(D10): 4089, doi:10.1029/2000JD000286 Vanicek K, Frei T, Litynska Z, and Schmalwieser A (2000) UV-Index for the public, COST-713 Action. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. ISBN 92-828-8142-3, 27

Weatherhead EC, Reinsel CG, Tiao GC, Meng X-L, Choi D, Cheang W-K, Keller T, DeLuisi JJ, Wuebbles DJ, Kerr JB, Miller AJ, Oltmans SJ, and Frederick JE (1998) Factors affecting the detection of trends: statistical considerations and applications to environmental data. J. Geophys. Res. 103(D14): 17149 - 17161 World Health Organization (WHO) (2002) Global solar UV Index: a practical guide. ISBN 9241590076, Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.unep.org/PDF/Solar_Index_Guide.pdf. p.28 World Meteorology Organization (WMO) (2007) Scientific assessment of ozone depletion: 2006, Global ozone research and monitoring project, Geneva, Switzerland, Report No. 50, p.572

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment