Index

Acer 37. 2112 Air masses 1 Albedo 102-104, 122 Alkalinity reservoir 156 Agroforestry 26 Antarctic Peninsula 62 Aspect 22 Autumn Wave 22

Begonia 8?-84 Bicarbonate L56 Biomes 21

BIOME3 scheme 42 Boundary layer 8iL_82 Be tula 65 Bouteloua 206 Bromus 2 OS

Burning vegetation ill Buttress roots 24

C4 plants 207, 211 Canopy 84-85

Carbon dioxide concentration 176-186. 218 Carbon isotopes 17() 181 Carbon sources, sinks 174 176 Changbai Mountain Zl Climate-vegetation schemes 46 48 Coccolithophores 224 Colobanthus 62 Continental climate 15 Continental plant distribution 11)

Coriolis effect 6_2 Cor y lus 66

Cushion plants 82 84 Daisyworld model 22

Deciduousness 42

Deforestation 131 132. 136 146

Deschampsia 62

Deserts 44

Drip tips 24

Dust L2iLJ_2I

Eddy llux covariance 187-188. 190

Endolithic lichens 2á

Eocene 12

Ekman spiral 7 9

Epiphytes 22

Eucalyptus 82

Evaporation feedback LLQ

Garrigue 25

GCM's TL ILL 114-122, 128 Glacials 52, 55 Grasslands

Greenhouse eiTect 12-13. 25 Greenhouse gases 67--68. Green Sahara M2, i!±5 Gulf Stream 13 14

Fa g us 22

Fa croc Islands 32

Glacial maximum 57 Grazing 34

Hedera 50

Holdridgc scheme 46-47, 49 Humus 155 Hyacmthokies 78

Ice albedo feedback 170 Ice cores 173

Interactive vegetation-climate schemes

117-118 Interglacials 55 56 Iridescent plants 82 84 Isoprene 149-150 ITCZ 6, 16

Jet Streams 8

Koeppen scheme 46-47. 49

Lactuca 91 ¡Mrt ea 205 Leaf size 42 Leaf shape 38-40 Lichens L62 Liquidambar 2113 Lovelock. James 97-99

Mangroves 33

MAPSS interactive vegetation scheme 77

Marine snow 155

Mars 161

Methane 159-160

Methane hydrate L6Q

Missine sink 184, 188

Mountains 4 5. 58

Negcv Desert 205

Ocean carbon sink 165 168 Ocean circulation 9 14 Oceanic plant distribution 50 Ocean heat transport 13 Onopordiuni 91

Oxygen 158-159

Peat lands 190

Pinatubo

Poa 206

Podocarpus 59

Pollen evidence 64-65, 75

Positive feedback 104 107

Primary productivity 51

Quaternary 55, 147-149 Quercus 37

Roaring forties 9 Roughness feedback 110

Sahel 107-112 Sawtooth glaciations 55-56 Scrub 43 Selaginella 82-84 Seasons, causes 4 Shelter belts % Soil m

Soil carbon 214-215 Species richness 51, 41 Spitsbergen 59 Steppe-tundra 59 Stomata 191-194, 213, 219 Sudden climate changes 63-64 Sun angle 2-3 Syinplocarpus 95

Tasmania 71

Temperature, latitudinal 2 Tertiary ??.?, ??3

Thermohaline circulation 10-11, 13 Treeline 32-35 Tropical rainforest 22

VOCs 149-151

Upwelling, ocean 18

Weathering 161-165

Younger Dryas 63 64, 66. 74

Printing: Mercedes-Druck. Berlin Binding: Stein + Lehmann, Berlin

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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