Relationship between ENSO and North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Frequency Simulated in a Coupled General Circulation Model

Satoshi Iizuka and Tomonori Matsuura

Abstract Relationship between El Nino / Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and tropical cyclone (TC) frequency over the North Atlantic simulated in a high-resolution (T213) coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model is described. The high-resolution model succeeded to simulate TCs with a maximum surface wind speed at 10 m more than 17 m/s. In La Nina (El Nino) years, the annual number of model TCs as well as hurricanes in the North Atlantic increases (decreases). The change seems to be related to that in the vertical wind shear over the North Atlantic accompanied by model ENSO. This relationship between ENSO and North Atlantic TC frequency is in agreement with observational evidence. Although there is no TCs with a maximum surface wind more than 43 m/s belonging to the category 2 on the Saffir-Simpson scale in this model, the present study suggests that a finer-resolution CGCM could become a powerful tool for understanding the future variability of TC intensity.

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Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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