References

Alexandersson, H., T. Schmith, K. Iden, and H. Tuomenvirta, 1998: Long-term variations of the storm climate over NW Europe. Global Ocean Atmos. Syst., 6, 97-120. Biondi, F., A. Gershunov, and D.R. Cayan, 2001: North Pacific Decadal Climate Variability since 1661. J. Clim, 14, 5-10.

Brown, R.D., 2000: Northern Hemisphere snow cover variability and change, 1915-1997. J. Clim., 13, 2339-2355.

Cavalieri, D.J., 2002: A link between Fram Strait sea ice export and atmospheric planetary wave phase. Geophysical Research Letters, 29(12), 1614, doi: 10.1029/2002GL014684.

Deser, C., J.E. Walsh, and M.S. Timlin, 2000: Arctic sea ice variability in the context of recent atmospheric circulation trends. J. Clim, 13, 617-633.

Dijkstra, H.A. and Ghil, M., 2005: Low-frequency variability of the large-scale ocean circulation: A dynamical systems approach. Rev. Geophys, 43, RG3002, doi:10.1029/2002RG000122.

Elsner, J.B., 2007: Granger causality and Atlantic hurricanes. Tellus A, 59, 476, doi: 10.1111/ j.1600-0870.2007.00244.x.

Elsner, T. H., and J. B. Jagger, 2006: Prediction models for annual U.S. hurricane counts. J. Climate, 19, 2935-2952.

Elsner, J. B., A. B. Kara, and M. A. Owens, 1999: Fluctuations in North Atlantic hurricane frequency. J. Climate, 12, 427-437.

Emanuel, K. A., 2005: Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, 436, 686-688.

Gillett, N.P., H.F. Graf, and T. J. Osborn, 2003: Climate change and the North Atlantic Oscillation. The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climatic Significance and Environmental Impact, J.W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, G. Ottersen, and M. Visbeck, Eds., Geophysical Monograph, 134, pp. 193-09.

Goldenberg, S. B., C. W. Landsea, A. M. Mestas-Nunez and W. M. Gray, 2001: The Recent Increase in Atlantic Hurricane Activity: Causes and Implications. Science, 293, 474-479.

Gray, W.M., 1984: Atlantic seasonal hurricane frequency. Part I: El Nino and 30 mb quasi-biennial oscillation influences. Mon. Wea.Rev., 112, 1649-1668.

Grinsted, A., J.C. Moore and S. Jevrejeva, 2004: Application of the cross wavelet transform and wavelet coherence to geophysical time series. Nonlin. Proc. Geophys., 1, 561-566.

Grotefendt, K., K. Logemann, D. Quadfasel, and S. Ronski, 1998: Is the Arctic Ocean warming? J. Geophys. Res, 103, 27679-27687.

Hart, R., R. Maue, and M. Watson, 2007: Estimating the atmospheric and SST memory of tropical cyclones through MPI anomaly evolution. Mon. Wea. Rev., accepted April 2007, in press

Jarvinen, B.R., C. J. Neumann, and M.A.D. Davis 1984: A tropical cyclone data tape for the North Atlantic Basin, 1886-1983: Contents, limitations, and uses. NOAA Tech. Memo, NWS NHC 22. (Available at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/tracks1851to2004_atl.txt.)

Jevrejeva, S., and J.C. Moore 2001: Singular Spectrum Analysis of Baltic Sea ice conditions and large- scale atmospheric patterns since 1708. Geophys. Res. Lett, 28, 4503-4506.

Jevrejeva, S., J.C. Moore and A. Grinsted, 2003 Influence of the Arctic Oscillation and ENSO on Ice Conditions in the Baltic Sea: the Wavelet Approach. J. Geophys. Res., 10.1029/ 2003JD003417.

Jevrejeva, S., J.C. Moore, and A. Grinsted, 2004: Oceanic and atmospheric transport of multi-year ENSO signatures to the polar regions. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24210, doi:10.1029/ 2004GL020871.

Knutson, T.R., and R.E. Tuleya, 2004: Impact of CO2- induced warming on simulated hurricane intensity and precipitation: sensitivity to the choice of climate model and convective parameterization. J. Clim., 17, 3477-3495.

Landsea, C.W., 2005: Hurricanes and global warming. Nature, 438, E11-13, doi:10.1038/na-ture04477.

Landsea, C.W., 2007: Counting Atlantic tropical cyclones back to 1900. EOS, 88, 197-202.

Mann, M.E., K.A. Emanuel, G.J. Holland, and P.J. Webster, 2007: Atlantic tropical cyclones revisited. EOS, 88, 349-350.

Maslanik, J., S. Drobot, C. Fowler, W. Emery, and R. Barry, 2007: On the Arctic climate paradox and the continuing role of atmospheric circulation in affecting sea ice conditions. Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, L03711, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028269.

Michaels, P.J., P.C. Knappenberger and R.E. Davis, 2006: Sea-surface temperatures and tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L09708, doi:10.1029/2006GL025757.

Minobe, S., 1999: Resonance in bidecadal and pentadecadal climate oscillations over the North Pacific: Role in climatic regime shifts. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 855-858.

Mokhov, I.I. and D.A. Smirnov, 2006: El Nmo-Southern Oscillation drives North Atlantic Oscillation as revealed with nonlinear techniques from climatic indices. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03708 10.1029/2005GL024557.

Moore, J.C., A. Grinsted, A., and S. Jevrejeva, 2007: Evidence from Wavelet Lag Coherence for Negligible Solar Forcing of Climate at Multi-year and Decadal Periods. 20 Years of Nonlinear Dynamics in Geosciences, A. Tsonis & J.B. Elsner (Eds.), Springer.

Moore, J.C., A. Grinsted, A., and S. Jevrejeva, 2008: Gulf Stream and ENSO increasing the temperature sensitivity of Atlantic tropical cyclones. J. Clim. In press

Morison, J., K. Aagaard, and M. Steele, 2000: Recent Environmental Changes in the Arctic: A Review. Arctic, 53, 359-371.

Moron, V., Vautard, R. and Ghil, M., 1998: Trends, interdecadal and interannual oscillations in global sea-surface temperatures. Clim. Dyn., 14, 545-569.

Polyakov, I.V., G.V. Alekseev, L.A. Timokhov, U. Bhatt, R.L. Colony, H.L. Simmons, D. Walsh, J.E. Walsh, and V.F. Zakharov, 2004: Variability of the intermediate Atlantic water of the Arctic Ocean over the last 100 years. J. Clim., 17, 4485-4497.

Polyakova, E.I., A.G. Journel, I.V. Polyakov, and U.S. Bhatt, 2006: Changing relationship between the North Atlantic Oscillation and key North Atlantic climate parameters. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03711, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024573.

Rayner, N.A., D.E. Parker, E.B. Horton, C.K. Folland, L., V. Alexander, D.P. Rowell, E.C. Kent, and A. Kaplan, 2003: Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4407, doi:10.1029/ 2002JD002670.

Sabbatelli, T.A., and M.E. Mann, 2007: The influence of climate state variables on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone occurrence rates. J. Geophys. Res., 112, doi:10.1029/2007JD008385.

Serreze, M.C., F. Carse, R. Barry, and J.C. Rogers, 1997: Icelandic Low cyclone activity: climatological features, linkages with the NAO, and relationships with recent changes in the Northern Hemisphere circulation. J. Climate, 10, 453-464.

Slonosky, V.C., P.D. Jones, and T.D. Davies, 2001: Atmospheric circulation and surface temperature in Europe from the 18th century to 1995. Int. J. Climatol., 21, 63-75.

Solow A. R., Moore L., 2000: Testing for a trend in a partially incomplete hurricane record. J. Clim, 13, 3696-3699.

Thompson, D.W.J. and J.M. Wallace, 1998:. The Arctic Oscillation signature in the winter geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 1297-1300.

Torrence, C. and G. P. Compo, 1998: A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc, 79, 61-78.

Vinje, T., 2001: Anomalies and trends of sea-ice extent and atmospheric circulation in the Nordic Seas during the period 1864-1998. J. Clim, 14, 255-267.

Wang, C., D.B. Enfield, S. Lee and C.W. Landsea, 2006: Influences of the Atlantic Warm Pool on Western Hemisphere Summer Rainfall and Atlantic Hurricanes. J. Clim. 19, 3011-3028.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Survival Treasure

Survival Treasure

This is a collection of 3 guides all about survival. Within this collection you find the following titles: Outdoor Survival Skills, Survival Basics and The Wilderness Survival Guide.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment