Note: All Internet addresses accessed 25 June 2008

Ackermann, T. (2004) 'Distributed resources in a re-regulated market environment', PhD thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.

Ackermann, T., Andersson, G. and Söder, L. (2001) 'Distributed generation: A definition', Electricity Power Systems Research 57, 195-204.

Adams, W. M., Brockington, D., Dyson, J. and Vira, B. (2003) 'Managing tragedies: Understanding conflict over common pool resources', Science 302, 1915-16.

Ajodhia, V. and Hakvoort, R. (2005) 'Economic regulation of quality in electricity distribution networks', Utilities Policy 13, 211-21.

Aligica, P. D. (2005) 'Scenarios and the growth of knowledge: Notes on the epistemic element in scenario building', Technological Forecasting and Social Change 72, 815-24.

Anderson, K., Shackley, S., Mander, S. and Bows, A. (2005) 'Decarbonising the UK: Energy for a climate conscious future', Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Manchester.

Andrews, C. J. (2005) 'Energy security as a rationale for governmental action', IEEE Technology and Society Magazine Summer 2005, 16-25.

Arthur, W. B. (1989) 'Competing technologies, increasing returns and lock-in by historic events', Economics Journal 99, 116-31.

Arthur, W. B. (1994) 'Increasing returns and path dependence in the economy', University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

Ashton Hayes Parish Council (2006) 'Ashton Hayes Going Carbon Neutral project update July 2006',

Awerbuch, S. (2003) 'Costing fossil fuels: The true cost of fossil-fired electricity', Power Economics, May 2003, 17-21.

Awerbuch, S. (2006) 'A brief overview of wind economics in the 21st century', doc.

Awerbuch, S., Jansen, J. and Beurskens, L. (2005) 'The role of wind in enhancing UK energy diversity and security', shimondocs/AirtricityUK_Mar05.pdf.

Baber, W. F. and Bartlett, R. V. (2005) Deliberative environmental politics: Democracy and ecological rationality, MIT Press, London.

Bach, P. F., Nielsen, J. E., Hindsberger, M., Varming, S. and Gaardestrup, C. (2003) 'Active Networks as a tool to integrate large amounts of distributed generation', presented at the conference Energy Technologies for post Kyoto Targets in the Medium Term, 19-21 May, Riso, Roskilde.

Bache, I. and Flinders, M. (2004) 'Multi-level governance and British politics', in Bache, I. and Flinders, M. (eds) Multi-level Governance, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 93-107.

Baer, P. and Mastrandrea, M. (2006) 'High stakes: Designing emissions pathways to reduce the risk of dangerous climate change', Institute for Public Policy Research, London.

Bamberger, C., Linehan, J. and Waelde, T. (2001) 'The Energy Charter Treaty in 2000: In a new phase', in Roggenkamp, M., Redgewell, C., Ronne, A. and del Guayo, I. (eds) Energy Law in Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 171-212.

Barker, T. and Kohler, J. (1998) International competitiveness and Environmental Policies, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Bauknecht, D. and Brunekreeft, G. (2008) 'Distributed generation and the regulation of electricity networks', in Sioshansi, F. P. (ed.) Competitive Electricity Markets: Design, Implementation, Performance, Elsevier, Oxford.

Bauman, Z. (1976) Socialism: The Active Utopia, George Allen and Unwin, London.

Bayliss, K. and McKinley, T. (2007) 'Privatising basic utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa: the MDG impact', International Poverty Centre, UNDP, Brasilia.

Begg, D., Cremer, J., Danthine, J., Edwards, J., Grilli, V., Neven, D., Seabright, P., Sinn, H., Venables, A. and Wyplosz, C. (1993) 'Making sense of subsidiarity', Centre for Economic Policy Research, London.

Benders, R. M. J., Kok, R., Moll, H. C., Wiersma, G. and Noorman, K. J. (2006) 'New approaches for household energy conservation - in search of personal household energy budgets and energy reduction options', Energy Policy 34, 3612-22.

Bentley, R. W. (2002) 'Global oil and gas depletion: An overview', Energy Policy 30, 189-205.

Bentley, T. (2003) 'Governance as learning: The challenge of democracy', http://

Bertoldi, P. and Atanasiu, B. (2007) 'Electricity consumption and efficiency trends in the enlarged European Union - status report 2006', European Commission Report EUR 22753 EN, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra.

Besant-Jones, J. E. (2006) 'Reforming power markets in developing countries: What have we learned?' The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Betz, R., Rogge, K. and Schleich, J. (2006) 'An early assessment of national a allocation plans for Phase 2 of EU emissions trading', Climate Policy 6, 361-94.

Betz, R., Schleich, J. and Eichhammer, W. (2004) 'Designing National Allocation Plans for EU-emissions trading - a first analysis of the outcomes', Energy and Environment 15, 375-425.

Bijker, W. E., Hughes, T. P. and Pinch, T. J. (eds) (1987) The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Bijker, W. E. (1997) Of Bicycles, Bakelites and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change, MIT Press, Boston.

Blair, T. (2004) 'PM speech on climate change', 14 September, http://www.

Blair, T. (2005) in 'Blair opens debate on the nuclear option', The Guardian, 30 November, Manchester, p. 4.

Blair, T. (2006) 'Energy issue "back with a vengeance"', Speech by the prime minister to the CBI annual dinner, 16 May, output/Page9469.asp.

Blair, T. (2007) 'Blair defiant over nuclear plans', uk_news/politics/6366725.stm.

BMU (Federal Ministry for the Environment Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety) (2006) 'Renewable energies: Innovations for the future', BMU, Berlin.

Boardman, B., Darby, S., Killip, G., Hinnells, M., Jardine, C., Palmer, J. and Sinden, G. (2005) '40% house', Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford.

Bodansky, D. (2007) 'International sectoral agreements in a post-2012 climate framework', Working Paper, Pew Centre on Global Climate Change, Arlington, VA.

Bonvillan, W. (2007) 'Testimony before the Congressional hearing on "Establishing the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) - HR 364"', US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science and Technology, 26th April.

Borges, U., Freitag, H., Hurtienne, T. and Nitsch, N. (1985) Proalcool: Economia politica e avaliagao socio-economica do programa brasileiro de bio-combustiveis, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Aracaju.

Bovenberg, A. L. and Goulder, L. H. (2000) 'Neutralising the adverse industry impacts of CO2 abatement policies: What does it cost?', in Carroro, C. and Metcalf, G. (eds) Behavioural and Distributional Impacts of Environmental Policies, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Brack, D., Grubb, M. and Windram, C. (2000) International trade and climate change policies, Earthscan, London.

Brouwer, R., O'Connor, M. and Radermacher, W. (1999) 'Greened national statistical and modelling procedures: The GREENSTAMP approach to the calculation of environmentally adjusted national income figures', International Journal of Sustainable Development 2, 7-31.

Brown, N. and Michael, M. (2003) 'A sociology of expectations: Retrospecting prospects and prospecting retrospects', Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 15, 3-18.

Burges, K. and Twele, J. (2005) 'Power systems operation with high penetration of renewable energy - the German case', presented at the International Conference on Future Power Systems, 16-18 November, Amsterdam.

Cameron, D. (2005) 'Speech at the launch of the Renewable Energy Association', 1 December, REA, London.

Campbell, C. J. (2004) The Coming Oil Crisis, Multi-Science Publishing, Brentwood.

Carbon Trust (2005a) 'The European emissions trading scheme: Implications for industrial competitiveness', The Carbon Trust, London.

Carbon Trust (2005b) 'The UK Climate Change Programme: potential evolution for business and the public sector', The Carbon Trust, London.

Carbon Trust (2006a) 'Allocation and competitiveness in the EU Emissions Trading System: Options for Phase II and beyond', The Carbon Trust, London.

Carbon Trust (2006b) 'Policy frameworks for renewables: Analysis on policy frameworks to drive future investment in near and long-term renewable power in the UK', The Carbon Trust, London.

CEC (Commission of the European Communities) (2003) 'Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC', European Commission, Brussels.

CEC (2008) 'Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading system of the Community', European Commission, Brussels.

Charnovitz, S. (2003) 'Trade and climate: Potential conflicts and synergies', in Aldy, J., Ashton, J., Baron, R., Bodansky, D., Charnovitz, S., Diringer, E., Heller, T., Pershing, J., Shukla, P., Tubiana, L., Tudela, F. and Wang, X., Beyond Kyoto: Advancing the International Effort Against Climate Change, Pew Center for Climate Change, Arlington VA.

Chasek, P., Porter, G. and Welsh-Brown, J. (2006) Global Environmental Politics, Westview, Boulder CO.

Chick, M. (2006) 'Ownership, pricing, and restructuring in the British, French and American electricity industries since 1945', presented at the XIV International Economic History Congress, 21-5 August, Helsinki.

Chief Scientific Adviser's Energy Research Review Group (2002) 'Recommendations to inform the Performance and Innovation Unit energy policy review', Office of Science and Technology, London.

Clarke, T., Campbell, B. and Laxer, G. (2006) 'Fuelling Fortress America', Canadian Centre for Policy Analysis, Ottawa.

Clinch, J. P., Dunne, L. and Dresner, S. (2006) 'Environmental and wider implications of political impediments to environmental tax reform', Energy Policy 34, 960-70.

Cobb, C., Halstead, T. and Rowe, J. (1995) The Genuine Progress Indicator: Summary of Data and Methodology, Redefining Progress, San Francisco.

Connor, P. and Mitchell, C. (2002) 'A review of four European regulatory systems and their impacts on the deployment of distributed generation', Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Petten.

Cook, P. and Surrey, J. (1977) 'Energy policy: strategies for uncertainty', Martin Robertson, London.

CoRWM (Committee on Radioactive Waste Management) (2006) 'Managing our radioactive wastes safely: CoRWM's recommendations to Government', Doc 700, July,

CoRWM (2007) 'Re-iteration of CoRWM's position on nuclear new build', Doc 2162.2, September,

Council of the European Union (2007a) 'Presidency conclusions', Brussels European Council 8/9 March, Data/docs/pressData/en/ec/93135.pdf.

Council of the European Union (2007b) 'Council conclusions on climate change', 2785th Environment Council meeting, 20 February, Brussels.

Cowan R (1990) 'Nuclear power reactors: A study in technological lock-in', Journal of Economic History 50, 514-67.

Cox, P. M., Betts, R. A., Jones, C. D., Spall, S. A. and Totterdell, I. J. (2000) 'Acceleration of global warming due to carbon cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model', Nature 408, 184-7.

Crouch, M. (2006) 'Developing long-term incentives for investment within a RPI-X framework', presented at the conference Distribution Europe, 17-19 May, Barcelona.

Daly, H. (1996) Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development, Beacon Press, Boston.

Darby, S. (2006) 'The effectiveness of feedback on energy consumption - a review for Defra of the literature on metering, billing and direct displays', Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University.

Darcy, M. (1999) 'The discourse of "community" and the reinvention of social housing policy in Australia', Urban Studies 36, 13-26.

Darling, A. (2006) 'Speech to the Fabian Society', 5 June 2006, London.

David, P. A. (1985) 'Clio and the economics of QWERTY', American Economic Review 75, 332-7.

Davies, W. (2005) 'Evidence-based policy and democracy', http://www.

DBERR (2008) 'Meeting the energy challenge: A white paper on nuclear power', Cm 7296, January, The Stationery Office, London.

DCLG (Department of Communities and Local Government) (2006) 'Towards a zero carbon future: Communities and local government news release 2006/0174', 13 December, DCLG, London.

Deffeyes, K. S. (2005) Beyond Oil: The View from Hubbert's Peak, Hill and Wang, New York.

Defra (2005) 'The validity of food miles as an indicator of sustainable development, final report', produced for Defra by AEA Technology Environment, Defra, London.

Defra (2006a) 'Government welcomes EU move to address aviation and climate change', Press release, 20 December, DEFRA, London.

Defra (2006b) 'Consultation on measures to reduce carbon emissions in the large non-energy intensive business and public sectors', Defra, London.

Defra (2008) 'Review of work on the environmental sustainability of international biofuels production and use', report by AEA Technology plc., Defra, London.

de Oliveira, A. and MacKerron, G. (1992) 'Is the World Bank approach to structural reform supported by experience of electricity privatisation in the UK?', Energy Policy 20, 153-62.

Depledge, J. (2006) 'The opposite of learning: Ossification in the climate change regime', Global Environmental Politics 6, 1-22.

de Vries, B., van Vuuren, D. and Hoogwijk, M. (2007) 'Renewable energy resources: Their global potential for the first half of the 21st Century at a global level - an integrated approach', Energy Policy 35, 2590-610.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2003) 'The future of air transport - White Paper', DfT, London.

DfT (2006a) 'Public transport statistics bulletin GB: 2006 Edition', Transport Statistics, London.

DfT (2006b) 'Transport Statistics Great Britain, 32nd Edition', Dft, London.

DfT (2007) 'Transport Trends - 2006 edition', Transport Statistics, London.

Dobbyn, J. and Thomas, G. (2005) 'Seeing the light: The impact of micro-generation on our use of energy', Sustainable Consumption Roundtable, London.

Dobson, A. (2007) 'A politics of global warming: the social-science resource', 4486.jsp.

DoE (Department of Energy) (1982) 'Speech on energy policy - Energy Paper Number 51', HMSO, London.

Dosi, G. (1988) 'The nature of the innovative process', in Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G. and Soete, L. (eds) Technical Change and Economic Theory, Pinter, London, pp. 221-38.

Dresner, S. and Ekins, P. (2004) 'The distributional impacts of economic instruments to limit greenhouse emissions from transport', Research Discussion Paper 19, Policy Studies Institute, London.

Dresner, S. and Ekins, P. (2006) 'Economic instruments to improve UK home energy efficiency without negative social impacts', Fiscal Studies 21, 47-74.

Dryzek, J. S. (1997) The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Dryzek, J. S., Downs, D., Hernes, H. K. and Schlosberg, D. (2003) Green States and Social Movements: Environmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

DTI (Department for Trade and Industry) (2003a) 'Competing in the global economy - the innovation challenge', DTI Economics Paper 7, DTI, London.

DTI (2003b) 'Options for a low carbon future', DTI Economics Working Paper 4, DTI, London.

DTI (2003c) 'Our energy future - creating a low carbon economy', Energy White Paper, Cm 5761, DTI, London.

DTI (2004) 'Digest of UK Energy Statistics', HMSO, London.

DTI (2006a) 'Our energy challenge: Power from the people. Microgeneration strategy', DTI, London.

DTI (2006b) 'Reform of the Renewables Obligation and statutory consultation on the Renewables Obligation Order 2007: An Energy Review consultation', DTI, London.

DTI (2006c) 'The energy challenge: Energy Review report 2006', Cm 6887, DTI, London.

DTI (2006d) 'Our energy challenge: Securing clean, affordable energy for the long-term. Consultation document', DTI, London.

DTI (2007a) 'Meeting the energy challenge: A white paper on energy', CM 7124, The Stationery Office, London.

DTI (2007b) 'The future of nuclear power: The role of nuclear power in a low carbon economy. Consultation document', DTI, London.

Dubash, N. K. (2002) 'Power Politics: Equity and Environment in Electricity Reform', World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.

Eames, M. and McDowall, W. (2006) 'Systems innovation and the transition to a sustainable hydrogen economy: A multi-level perspective', presented at the SPRU 40th Anniversary Conference, 11-13 September, University of Sussex.

Easterlin, R. A. (2002) Happiness in economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

EC (European Commission) (2006a) 'Action plan for energy efficiency: Realising the potential', CEC COM(06)545, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.

EC (2006b) 'Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC', Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.

EC (2007a) 'An energy policy for Europe', CEC (COM(07)1), Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.

EC (2007b) 'Limiting global climate change to 2 degrees Celsius', COM(2007)2, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.

EC (2007c) 'Towards a European strategic energy technology plan', C0M(2006) 847 final, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.

Ellerman, A. D. and Buchner, B. (2006) 'Over-allocation or abatement? A preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based upon the 2005 emissions data', Working Paper, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Trieste.

Ellis, J. and Toirpak, D. (2006) 'Linking GHG emissions trading systems and markets COM/ENV/EPOC/IEA/SLT (2006) 6', Environment Directorate, International Energy Agency, Paris.

Ellis, J., Winkler, H., Corfee-Morlot, J., and Gagnon-Lebrun, F. (2007) 'CDM: Taking stock and looking forward', Energy Policy 35, 15-28.

Enviros Consulting Ltd. (2006) 'Appraisal of years 1-4 of the UK Emissions Trading Scheme', Defra, London.

EST (Energy Saving Trust) (2005) 'Potential for microgeneration: Study and analysis', EST, London.

EST (2006) 'Habits of a lifetime - European energy usage report', EST, London.

Euractiv (2008) 'MEPs seek reduced biofuel commitments', Report posted 28 May at

Euroabstracts (1998) 'Exploring the grey areas', Euroabstracts 36, 1-98.

EZ (2004) 'Innovation in energy policy', Energy Strategy and Consumption Directorate, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Netherlands.

Farrow, S. and Toman, M. (1999) 'Using benefit-cost analysis to improve environmental regulations', Environment 41, 12-37.

Ferry, J. (2007) 'Eat your greens', The Guardian, G2 Section, 07 June, p. 18.

Forss, K., Reubien, C. C., and Carlsson, J. (2002) 'Process use of evaluations: Types of use that precede lessons learned and feedback', Evaluation 8, 29-45.

Foster, J. (1997) 'Introduction: environmental value and the scope of economics', in Foster, J. (ed.) Valuing nature? Economics, ethics and environment, Routledge, London, pp. 1-17.

Foxon, T. (2003) 'Inducing innovation for a low-carbon future: Drivers, barriers and policies', Carbon Trust, London.

Foxon, T., Kohler, J., and Oughton, C. (eds) (2008) Innovations for a Low Carbon Economy: Economic, Institutional and Management Approaches, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Freeman, C. (1992) The Economics of Hope, Pinter, London.

Freeman, C. and Louga, F. (2001) As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Freeman, C. and Perez, C. (1988) 'Structural crises of adjustment, business cycles and investment behaviour', in Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G. and Soete, L. (eds) Technical Change and Economic Theory, Pinter, London, pp. 38-66.

Frontier Economics (2003) 'Regulatory mechanisms for dealing with uncertainty', report for Ofgem, March 1 2003, com/europe/en/publications/.

Future Foundation (2006) 'Energy efficiency - public attitude, private action', = 347.

Gallacher, K. (2005) Putting Development First: The Importance of Policy Space in the WTO and IFIs, Zed Books, London.

Gallagher, K. S., Holdren, J. P. and Sagar, A. D. (2006) 'Energy technology innovation', Annual Review of Environmental Resources 31, 193-237.

Geels, F. W. (2002a) 'Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: A multi-level perspective and a case-study', Research Policy 31, 1257-74.

Geels, F. W. (2002b) Understanding the Dynamics of Technological Transitions: A Co-Evolutionary and Socio Technical Analysis', Twente University Press, Twente.

Geels, F. W. (2004) 'From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory', Research Policy 33, 897-920.

Geels, F. W. (2005) 'Processes and patterns in transitions and system innovations: Refining the co-evolutionary multi-level perspective', Technological Forecasting and Social Change 72, 681-96.

Geels, F. W., Elzen, B. and Green, K. (2004) 'General introduction: System innovation and transitions to sustainability', in Geels, F. W., Elzen, B. and Green, K. (eds) System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability: Theory, Evidence and Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 1-16.

Geyer, A. and Davies, A. (2000) 'Managing project-system interfaces: Case studies of railway projects in restructured UK and German markets', Research Policy 29, 991-1013.

Gibbs, T. and Retallack, S. (2006) 'Trading up: Reforming the European Union's Emissions Trading System', Institute for Public Policy Research, London.

Golub, J. (ed.) (1998) Global Competition and EU Environmental Policy, Routledge, London.

Graham-Harrison, E. (2006) 'Energy-hungry China warms to solar water heaters', 5 June, Reuters China.

Green, D. (2004) 'Rethinking energy regulation', presented at the 19th World Energy Congress, 5-9 September, Sydney.

Greene, O. (2004) 'Environmental Issues', in Baylis, J., Smith, S. and Owens, P. (eds) (2004) Globalization of World Politics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 387-414.

Greenpeace (2005) 'Decentralising power: An energy revolution for the 21st century', Greenpeace, London.

Greenpeace (2006) Decentralising UK energy: Cleaner, cheaper, more secure energy for the 21st century, Greenpeace, London.

Gross, R. (2004) 'Technologies and innovation for system change in the UK: Status, prospects and system requirements of some leading renewable energy options', Energy Policy 32, 1905-19.

Gross, R., Heptonstall, P. and Blyth, W. (2007) 'Investment in electricity generation: The role of costs, incentives and risks', UK Energy Research Centre, London.

Grubb, M. (1997) 'Technologies, energy systems and the timing of CO2 emissions abatement: An overview of economic issues', Energy Policy 25, 159-72.

Grubb, M. (2005) 'Technology innovation and climate change policy: An overview of issues and options', Keio Economic Studies, 41, 103-32.

Grubb, M. and Ferrario, F. (2006) 'False confidences: Forecasting errors and emission caps in CO2 trading systems', Climate Policy 6, 495-501.

Grubb, M. and Neuhoff, K. (2006) 'Allocation and competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: Policy overview', Climate Policy 6, 7-30.

Grubb, M., Vroliijk, C. and Brack, D. (1999) 'The Kyoto Protocol: A guide and assessment', Royal Institute for International Affairs, London.

Grubb, M. and Yamin, F. (2001) 'Climate collapse at The Hague: What happened and where do we go from here?', International Affairs 77, 261-76.

Guardian (2008a) 'MEP seeks Europe-wide ban on "splash and dash" biofuel trading', May 19, The Guardian, p. 23.

Guardian (2008b) 'Top scientists warn against rush to biofuel', March 25, The Guardian, p. 1.

Hadjilambrinos, C. (2000) 'Understanding technology choice in electricity industries: A comparative study of France and Denmark', Energy Policy 28, 1111-26.

Hadley Centre (2005) 'Climate Change and the greenhouse effect: Briefing Paper', Met Office, Exeter.

Hajer, M. A. (1993) 'Discourse coalitions and the institutionalisation of practice', in Fischer, F. and Forester, J. (eds) The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning, Duke University Press, Durham NC, pp. 43-71.

Hajer, M. A. (1995) The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernisation and the Policy Process, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Halpern, D. and Bates, C. (2004) 'Personal responsibility and changing behaviour: The state of knowledge and its implications for public policy', Prime Minister's Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office, London.

Hansen, J. (2007) 'Scientific reticence and sea level rise', Environmental Research Letters 2, 1-6.

Hargrave, T. (2000) 'An upstream/downstream hybrid approach to greenhouse gas emissions trading', Center for Clean Air Policy, Washington DC.

Harrison, D., Klevnas, P., Sorrell, S., and Radov, D. (2005) 'Interaction of Greenhouse Gas Emission Allowance Trading with Green And White Certificate Schemes', report to DG Environment, European Commission, National Economic Research Associates, London.

Hay, C. (2002) Political Analysis: A Critical Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.

HCEAC (House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee) (2007) 'The EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Lessons for the future', Second Report of Session 2006-07, HCEAC, London.

Healey, P. (1999) 'Sites, jobs and portfolios: Economic development discourses in the planning system', Urban Studies 36, 27-42.

Helm, D. (2004a) Energy, the State and the Market: British Energy Policy Since 1979, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Helm, D. (2004b) 'The new regulatory agenda', The Social Market Foundation, London.

Helm, D. (2005a) 'The assessment: The new energy paradigm', Oxford Review of Economic Policy 21, 1-18.

Helm, D. (2005b) 'The case for regulatory reform', in Helm, D. (ed.) The Future of Infrastructure Regulation, Oxera, Oxford, pp. 1-9.

Helm, D. (2006) 'Energy policy: Politics v economics', 15 May, New Statesman.

Helm, D. and Hepburn, C. (2005) 'Carbon contracts and energy policy: An outline proposal', pdf.

Hepburn, C. (2006) 'Regulation by prices, quantities or both: A review of instrument choice', Oxford Review of Economic Policy 22, 226-47.

Hirsch, R. L., Bezdek, R. and Wendling, R. (2006) 'Peaking of world oil production: Impacts, mitigation and risk management', Nova Science, Huntington NY.

Hirschl, B. and Petschow, U. (2005) 'Building a global renewable energy regime -what can be learned from other (environmental) regimes?', presented at the 2005 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 2-3 December, Berlin.

HM Government (2006) 'Climate change: The UK programme', The Stationery Office, London.

HM Government (2007) 'Draft Climate Change Bill', CM7040, The Stationery Office, London.

Hodgson, G. M. (1988) Economics and Institutions: A Manifesto for a Modern Institutional Economics, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Hodgson, G. M. (1999) Economics and Utopia: Why the Learning Economy is Not the End of History, Routledge, London.

Horta, K. (1996) 'World Bank and International Monetary Fund', in Weksman, J. (ed.) Greening International Institutions, Earthscan, London, pp. 131-47.

Hourcarde, J. C., Demailly, D., Neuhoff, K. and Sato, M. (2008) 'Differentiation and dynamics of EU ETS industrial competitiveness impacts', Climate Strategies,

House of Commons (2007) 'Minutes of evidence taken before Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee. Climate change: the "citizen's agenda"', 31 January, cmenvfru/uc88-vi/uc8802.htm.

House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (2003a) 'Government response to the Committee's Fourth Report, Towards a non-carbon fuel economy: Research development and demonstration', Sixth special report of Session 2002-03, The Stationery Office, London.

House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (2003b) 'Towards a noncarbon fuel economy: Research, development and demonstration', fourth report of Session 2002-03, The Stationery Office, London.

Hoyos, C. (2007) 'The new seven sisters: Oil and gas giants dwarf western rivals', 13 March, Financial Times,

Hufbauer, G. and Schott, J. (2005) 'Nafta revisited: Achievements and challenges', Institute for International Economics, Washington DC.

Hughes, T. P. (1983) Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880-1930', Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Hultman, N. E. and Koomey, J. G. (2007) 'The risk of surprise in energy technology costs', Environmental Research Letters 2 (034002), 1-7.

Humphrey, L. and Shaw, K. (2004) 'Radical devolution and democratic renewal: Developing a radical approach to stakeholder involvement in the English regions', Environment and Planning A 36, 2183-202.

IEA (International Energy Agency) (1994) 'History of the IEA: The first 20 Years (Volume I)', IEA, Paris.

IEA (2002) 'Distributed generation in liberalised electricity markets', IEA/OECD, Paris.

IEA (2004) 'History of the IEA (Volume IV)', IEA, Paris.

IEA (2006a) 'Energy policies of IEA countries, Denmark 2006 review'. IEA/OECD, Paris.

IEA (2006b) 'Energy technology perspectives: Scenarios and strategies to 2050', OECD Energy 2006, vol. 6.

IEA (2006c) 'World energy outlook 2006', OECD/IEA, Paris.

IEA (2007a) 'Energy policies of IEA countries - Germany 2007 review', IEA, Paris.

IEA (2007b) 'Energy security and climate policy - assessing Interactions', OECD/ IEA, Paris.

IEA (2007c) 'ETP 2008: Technology learning and deployment', proceedings of a workshop in the framework of the G8 Dialogue on Climate Change, Clean Energy and Sustainable Development, Paris, IEA.

IEA (2007d) 'World energy outlook 2007', OECD/IEA, Paris.

IETA (International Emissions Trading Association) (2008), 'State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2008', The World Bank, Washington DC.

Interdepartmental Analysts Group (2002), 'Long term reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the UK', February, DBERR, London.

IPA Energy Consulting (2006) 'Implications of the EU emissions trading scheme for the UK power generation sector', DTI, London.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2001) 'Climate change 2001: Synthesis report', IPCC, Geneva.

IPCC (2007a) 'Climate change 2007: The physical science basis', IPCC, Geneva.

IPCC (2007b) 'Climate change 2007: Mitigation of climate change', IPCC, Geneva.

Jacobsson, S. and Lauber, V. (2006) 'The politics and policy of energy system transformation - explaining the German diffusion of renewable energy technology', Energy Policy 34, 256-76.

Jaffe, A., Newell, R. G. and Stavins, R. (2004) 'A tale of two market failures: Technology and environmental policy', Discussion Paper 04-38, Resources for the Future, Washington DC.

Jessop, B. (1998) 'The rise of governance and the risks of failure: The case of economic development', International Social Science Journal 155, 29-45.

Jensen, J. (2002) 'Integrating CHP and wind power - how western Denmark is leading the way', Cogeneration & On-Site Power Production 3, 55-62.

Johnson, A. (2005) 'Oral Evidence to the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee Inquiry: Keeping the lights on', 23 November, Ev298, HCEAC, London.

Johnson, A. (2006) 'Speech to the CBI/TUC conference Sustainable energy policy for the UK London', February 28, Congress House, London, http://www.berr.

Jones, C. D., Cox, P. M. and Huntingford, C. (2006) 'Climate-carbon cycle feedbacks under stabilisation: uncertainty and observational constraints', Tellus 58B, 603-13.

Jordan, A. (2002) 'Efficient hardware and light green software: Environmental policy integration in the UK', in Lenschow, A. (ed.) Environmental Policy Integration: Greening Sectoral Policies in Europe, Earthscan, London, pp. 35-56.

Jordan, G. (2007) 'Policy without learning: Double devolution and abuse of the deliberative idea', Public Policy and Administration 22, 48-73.

Joskow, P. L. (2006) 'Incentive regulation in theory and practice: Electricity distribution and transmission networks', prepared for the National Bureau of

Economic Research Economic Regulation Project, January, http://econ-www.

Joskow, P. and Rose, N. (1985) 'The effects of technological change, experience, and environmental regulation on the construction cost of coal-burning generating units', RAND Journal of Economics 16, 1-27.

Kaijser, A. (2003) 'Redirecting infrasystems towards sustainability: What can we learn from history?', in Biel, A., Hansson, B. and Märtensson, M. (eds), Individual and Structural Determinants of Environmental Practice, Ashgate, London, pp. 152-79.

Kallis, G., Videira, N., Antunes, P., Pereira, Ä. G., Spash, C. L., Coccossis, H., Quintana, S. C., del Moral, L., Hatzilacou, D., Lobo, G., Mexa, A., Paneque, P., Mateos, B. P. and Santos, R. (2006) 'Participatory methods for water resources planning', Environment and Planning C 24, 215-34.

Kammen, D. M. and Margolis, R. M. (1999) 'Underinvestment: The energy technology and R&D policy challenge', Science 285, 690-2.

Kammen, D. M. and Nemet, G. (2005) 'Reversing the incredible shrinking R&D budget', Issues in Science and Technology, Fall, 84-8.

Karnoe, P. and Garud, R. (1998) 'Path creation and dependence in the Danish wind turbine field', Papers in Organization with a z No. 26, Institute of Organization and Industrial Sociology, Copenhagen.

Kaufmann, R. K. and Shiers, L. D. (2007) 'Alternatives to conventional crude oil: When, how quickly and market-driven?', Working Paper, Centre for Energy and Environmental Studies, Boston University, Boston.

Kemp, R. (1994) 'Technology and the transition to environmental sustainability', Futures 26, 1023-46.

Kemp, R., Schot, J. and Hoogma, R. (1998) 'Regime shifts to sustainability through processes of niche formation: The approach of strategic niche management', Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 10, 175-95.

Kern, F. and Smith, A. (2008) 'Restructuring energy systems for sustainability? Energy transition policy in The Netherlands' Energy Policy 36, 4093-103.

King, D. A. (2004) 'Climate change science: Adapt, mitigate, or ignore?', Science 303, 5655, pp. 176-7.

Kirton, J. (2006) 'The G8 and global energy governance: Past performance', presented at the conference The World Dimension of Russia's Energy Security, April 21 2006, Moscow.

Klaassen, G., Miketa, A., Larsen, K. and Sundqvist, T.(2005) 'The impact of R&D on innovation for wind energy in Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom', Ecological Economics 54, 227-40.

Lawson, N. (1982) 'Energy policy', speech to the Fourth Annual International Conference of the International Association of Energy Economists, 28 June, Churchill College, Cambridge.

Lawson, T. (1997) Economics and Reality, Routledge, London.

Layard, R. (2006) Happiness: Lessons From a New Science, Penguin Books Ltd., West Drayton.

Leeuw, F. L. (2002) 'Evaluation in Europe 2000: Challenges to a growth industry', Evaluation 8, 5-12.

Leviton, L. and Hughes, E. (1981) 'Research on the utilization of evaluations', Evaluation Review 4, 525-48.

Loasby, B. (1990) 'The use of scenarios in business planning', in Frowen, S. F. (ed.) Unknowledge and Choice in Economics, Macmillan, London, pp. 46-63.

Lowe, J., Gregory, J. M., Ridley, J., Huybrechts, P., Nicholls, R. J. and Collins, M. (2006), 'The role of sea-level rise and the Greenland ice sheet in dangerous climate change: Implications for the stabilisation of climate', in Schellnhuber, H., Cramer, W. and Nakicenovic, N. (eds) Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 29-36.

Lovins, A. (1977) Soft Energy Paths: Towards a Durable Peace, Penguin, London.

Lund, P., Cherian, S. and Ackermann, T. (2006) 'A cell controller for autonomous operation of a 60 KV distribution area', International Journal of Distributed Energy Resources 2, 83-100.

MacKerron, G. (1992) 'Nuclear costs: Why do they keep rising?', Energy Policy 20, 641-52.

MacKerron, G. (2001) 'Organisation and regulation of the electricity supply industry in the United Kingdom', in de Paoli, L. (ed.) The Electricity Industry in Transition: Organization, Regulation and Ownership in EU Member States, FrancoAngeli, Milan, pp. 529-85.

Mackerron, G. and Watson, J. (1996) 'The winners and losers so far', in Surrey, J. (ed.) The British Electricity Experiment. Privatisation: The Record, the Issues, the Lessons, Earthscan, London, pp. 185-213.

Macklon, D. (2000) 'Energy services in the UK domestic sector: Barriers to development and recommended action plan', DTI, London.

Magnusson, T., Tell, F. and Watson, J. (2005) 'From CoPS to mass production? Capabilities and innovation in power generation equipment manufacturing', Industrial and Corporate Change 14, 1-26.

Maréchal, K. (2007) 'The economics of climate change and the change of climate in economics', Energy Policy 35, 5181-94.

Martin, B. and Irvine, J. (1984) Foresight in Science: Picking the Winners, Pinter, London.

Martinez, K. K. and Neuhoff, K. (2005) 'Allocation of carbon emission certificates in the power sector: How generators profit from grandfathered rights', Climate Policy 5, 61-78.

Mayntz, R. (2003) 'New challenges to governance theory', in Bang, H. P. (ed.) Governance as Social and Political Communication, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Mayntz, R. and Hughes, T. (eds) (1988) The Development of Large Technical Systems, Westview Press, Boulder CO.

Mazurek, J. (2002) 'Cap carbon dioxide now', Progressive Policy Institute, Washington DC.

Mckibbin, W. J. and Wilcoxen, P. J. (2002) 'The role of economics in climate change policy', Journal of Environmental Perspectives 16, 107-29.

McGowan, F. (1990) 'Conflicting objectives in European energy policy', in Crouch, C. and Marquand, D. (eds) The Politics of 1992, Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 121-37.

McGowan, F. (1993) 'Reforming the electricity sector: The north as a model, the south as a market', in Pearson, P. (ed.) Electricity in the third world, Surrey Energy Economics Discussion Paper 68, University of Surrey, pp. 18-33.

McGowan, F. (2007a) 'EU energy policy: déjà vu all over again?' Euroscope (Newsletter of the Sussex European Institute, University of Sussex) 34, 16-17.

McGowan, F. (2007b) 'When Europe talks energy it is with anything but one voice', Parliamentary Brief, January, p. 33.

Meadowcroft, J. (1998) 'Co-operative environmental regimes: A way forward?', in Glasbergen, P. (ed.) Co-operative Environmental Governance, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 21-42.

Meadows, D. F., Meadows, D. I., Randers, J., and Behrens, W. W. (1972) The Limits to Growth, Universe Books, New York.

Meinshausen, M. (2005) 'What does a 2°C target mean for greenhouse gas concentrations? A brief analysis based on multi emission pathways and several climate sensitivity uncertainty estimates', in Schellnhuber, H., Cramer, W. and Nakicenovic, N. (eds) Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 265-80.

Meltzer, G. (2005) Sustainable Community: Learning from the Cohousing Model, Trafford, Victoria BC.

Metcalf, G. E. (1999) 'A distributional analysis of green tax reforms', National Tax Journal 52, 655-81.

Michaelis, L. and Lorek, S. (2004) 'Consumption and the environment in Europe: Trends and futures', Environmental Project No. 904, Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Copenhagen.

Mitchell, C. (2007) The Political Economy of Sustainable Energy, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Mitchell, C., Bauknecht, D., Connor, P. M. (2006) 'Effectiveness through risk reduction: A comparison of the renewable obligation in England and Wales and the feed-in system in Germany', Energy Policy 34, 297-305.

Mitchell, C. and Woodman, B. (2006) 'New nuclear power: Implications for a sustainable energy system', Green Alliance, London.

Montague, S. and Allerdings, E. (2005) 'Building accountability structures into agri-environmental policy development', in Evaluating Agri-Environmental Policies: Design, Practice and Results, OECD, Paris, pp. 55-70.

Mulgan, G. (2003) 'Global comparisons in policy-making: The view from the centre', June 12 2003, tank/article_1280.jsp.

NAO (National Audit Office) (2002) 'Pipes and wires', The Stationery Office, London.

NAO (2005) 'Department of Trade and Industry: Renewable energy', The Stationary Office, London.

NAO (2007) 'Cost-effectiveness analysis in the 2006 Climate Change Programme Review', NAO, London.

National Grid Company (2003) 'Seven Year Statement', http://www.nationalgrid. com/uk/Electricity/SYS/archive/.

Nemet, G. (2006) 'U.S. energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion', presented at the 26th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE/IAEE, 24-7 September, Ann Arbor MI.

NERA (National Economic Research Associates) (2004) 'Evaluation of the Cleaner Coal Technologies Programme' a report for the DTI, July, NERA, London.

NERA (2006) 'Energy efficiency and trading Part I: Options for increased trading in the Energy Efficiency Commitment', a report for Defra, February 28, NERA, London.

Neuhoff, K. K., Martinez, K. and Sato, M. (2006) 'Allocation, incentives and distortions: The impact of EU ETS emission allowance allocations to the electricity sector', Climate Policy 6, 73-91.

Norgaard, R. B. (1994) Development Betrayed: The End of Progress and a Coevolutionary Revisioning of the Future, Routledge, London.

Nossiff, R. (1998) 'Discourse, party, and policy: The case of abortion, 1965-1972', Policy Studies Journal 26, 244-56.

Observer (2008) 'Poll: most Britons doubt cause of climate change', The Observer, 22 June, p. 1.

Ockwell, D. and Rydin, Y. (2006) 'Conflicting discourses of knowledge: Understanding the policy adoption of pro-burning knowledge claims in Cape York Peninsula, Australia', Environmental Politics 15, 379-98.

Ockwell, D., Watson, J., MacKerron, G., Pal, P. and Yamin, F. (2006) 'UK-India collaboration to identify the barriers to the transfer of low carbon energy technology', Defra, London.

Ofgem (Office of Gas and Electricity Markets) (2002) 'Distributed generation -"The way forward"', Ofgem Factsheet 15, 26 March, Ofgem, London.

Ofgem (2004a) 'Electricity distribution price control review - final proposals', 265/04, November, Ofgem, London.

Ofgem (2004b) 'Electricity distribution price control review - regulatory impact assessment for registered power zones and the innovation funding incentives', March, Ofgem, London.

Ofgem (2004c) 'Electricity distribution price control review: Appendix - further details on the incentive schemes for distributed generation, innovation funding and registered power zones', June, Ofgem, London.

Ofgem (2006) 'Supply licence review - initial policy proposals', Ofgem, London.

Ofgem (2007) 'The Renewables Obligation annual report 2005/06' Ofgem, London.

Olsson, J. (2003) 'Democracy paradoxes in multi-level governance: Theorizing on structural fund system research', Journal of European Public Policy 10, 283-300.

O'Neill, J. (1996) 'Cost-benefit analysis, rationality and the plurality of values', The Ecologist 26, 98-103.

O'Neill, J. (1997) 'Managing without prices: The monetary valuation of biodiversity' Ambio 26, 546-50.

O'Neill, J. (2001) 'Representing people, representing nature, representing the world', Environment and Planning C 19, 483-500.

ONS (Office for National Statistics) (2007) 'Winter mortality - excess winter mortality falls', = 574.

Orr, D. W. (1990) 'Environmental education and ecological literacy', The Education Digest, May, pp. 49-53.

Overpeck, J. T., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Miller, G. H., Muhs, D. R., Alley, R. B. and Kiehl, J. T. (2006) 'Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise', Science 311, 5768, pp. 1747-50.

Owen, G. (2004) 'Economic regulation and sustainability policy', Sustainability First, London.

Owens, S., Rayner, T. and Bina, O. (2004) 'New agendas for appraisal: Reflections on theory, practice, and research', Environment and Planning A 36, 1943-59.

Oxera (2006) 'Policies for energy efficiency in the UK household sector', a report for Defra, January, Oxera, Oxford.

Patterson, W. (1990) The Energy Alternative: Changing the Way the World Works, Boxtree, London.

Patterson, W. (1999) Transforming Electricity, Earthscan, London.

Patterson, W. (2006) 'Discussing energy policy - a style guide', http://www.

Patterson, W. (2007) Keeping the Lights On, Earthscan, London.

Patton, M. Q. (1998) 'Discovering process use', Evaluation 4, 225-33.

Pawson, R. and Tilley, N. (1997) Realistic Evaluation, Sage, London.

Pearce, D. (2000) 'Cost-benefit analysis and environmental policy', Oxford Review of Economic Policy 14, 84-100.

Pearson, P. and Fouquet, R. (2006) 'Seven centuries of energy services: The price and use of light in the United Kingdom (1300-2000)', The Energy Journal 27, 139-77.

Pehnt, M. and Fischer, C. (2006) 'Environmental impacts of micro-cogeneration', in Pehnt, M., Cames, M., Fischer, C., Praetorius, B., Scheider, L., Schumacher, K. and Voss, J-P. (eds) Micro Cogeneration: Towards Decentralized Energy Systems, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 87-116.

Perrin, B. (2002a) 'Towards a new view of accountability', presented at the Conference of the European Evaluation Society, 10-12 October, Seville.

Perrin, B. (2002b) 'How to - and how not to - evaluate innovation', Evaluation 8, 13-28.

Philibert, C. and Reinaud, J. (2004) 'Emissions trading: Taking stock and looking forward', COM/ENV/EPOC/IEA/SLT(2004)3, International Energy Agency, OECD, Paris.

Pielke, Jr. R. A. (2007) The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Pierre, J. (2000) Debating Governance, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

PIU (Performance and Innovation Unit) 2001 'Generating technologies: Potentials and cost reductions to 2020', Working Paper, UK Cabinet Office, London.

PIU (2002) 'The Energy Review', The Cabinet Office, London.

Pizer, W. A. (1997) 'Prices versus quantities revisited: The case of climate change', Discussion Paper 98-02, Resources for the Future, Washington DC.

Pollit, C. (1998) 'Evaluation in Europe: Boom or bubble?', Evaluation Review 4, 214-24.

Porter, M. and van der Linde, C. (1995) 'Toward a new conception of the environment-competitiveness relationship', The Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, 97-118.

Quist, J. and Vergragt, P. (2004) 'Backcasting for industrial transformations and system innovations towards sustainability: Relevance for governance?', in Jacob, K., Binder, M. and Wieczorec, A. (eds) Governance for industrial transformation - Environmental Policy Research Centre, Berlin, pp. 409-37.

Quist, J. and Vergragt, P. (2006) 'Past and future of backcasting: The shift to stakeholder participation and a proposal for a methodological framework', Futures 38, 1027-45.

Radov, D., Klevnas, P. and Nagler, D. (2007) 'Evaluation of supplier obligation policy options: Report for DTI and DEFRA', February, NERA Economic Consulting, London.

Radov, D., Klevnas, P., Turner, G., Gluckman, R. and Handley, D. (2006) 'Energy efficiency and trading Part II: Options for the implementation of a new mandatory UK emissions trading scheme', Report to Defra, NERA Economic Consulting and Enviros Consulting, London.

RCEP (Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution) (2000) 'Twenty second report. Energy: The changing climate', Cm 4749, The Stationery Office, London.

Reinaud, J. (2005) 'Industrial competitiveness under the EU emissions trading scheme', IEA, Paris.

Requate, T. (2005) 'Dynamic incentives by environmental policy instruments - a survey', Ecological Economics 54, 175-95.

Rhodes, R. A. W. (1997) Understanding Governance, Open University Press, Buckingham.

Rip, A. and Kemp, R. (1998) 'Technological change' in Rayner, S. and Malone, E. L. (eds) Human Choice and Climate Change volume 2: Resources and Technology, Battelle Press, Columbus OH, pp. 327-99.

Roberts, S. and Thumin, J. (2006) 'A rough guide to individual carbon trading: The ideas, the issues and the next steps', report to DEFRA, Centre Sustainable Energy, Bristol.

Rosenau, J. and Czempiel, O. (1992) Governance Without Government, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rosenberg, N. (1976) Perspectives on Technology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rothwell, R. (1994) 'Towards fifth-generation process innovation', International Marketing Review 11, 7-31.

Rotmans, J. and Loorbach, D. (2008) 'Transition management: Reflexive governance of societal complexity through searching, learning and experimenting', in van den Bergh, J. and Bruinsma, F. R. (eds) The Transition to Renewable Energy: Theory and Practice, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Rotmans, J., Kemp, R., van Asselt, M. (2001a) 'Transitions & transition management: The case for a low emission energy supply', ICIS working paper: I01-E001, Maastricht.

Rotmans, J., Kemp, R. and van Asselt, M. (2001b) 'More evolution than revolution: Transition management in public policy', Foresight 3, 15-31.

Rydin, Y. (1999) 'Can we talk ourselves into sustainability? The role of discourse in the environmental policy process', Environmental Values 8, 467-84.

Saarikoski, H. (2000) 'Environmental impact assessment (EIA) as collaborative learning process', Environmental Impact Assessment Review 20, 681-700.

Sagar, A. D. and van der Zwaan, B. (2006) 'Technological innovation in the energy sector: R&D, deployment, and learning-by-doing', Energy Policy 34, 2601-8.

Sandalow, D. (2006) 'Ethanol: Lessons from Brazil', Aspen Institute, http://www.

Sauter, R. and Watson, W. (2007) 'Strategies for deployment of microgeneration: Implications for social acceptance', Energy Policy 35, 2770-9.

Scott, A. and Steyn, G. (2001) 'The economic returns to basic research and the benefits of university-industry relationships: A literature review and update of findings', a report to the Office of Science and Technology, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Scott, A. and Watson, J. (2001) 'Evidence from the Tyndall Centre to the House of Commons Select Committee Inquiry - Towards a non-carbon fuel economy: Research, development and demonstration', Tyndall Centre, Norwich.

Scottish Enterprise (2005) 'Carbon capture and storage: market opportunities 2005', Scottish Enterprise, Glasgow.

SDC (Sustainable Development Commission) (2006) 'I will if you will: Towards sustainable consumption', SDC, London.

SEG (Sussex Energy Group) (2006) 'Sussex Energy Group response to the UK Government's 2006 Energy Review', 14 April, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

SEG (2007a) 'Department of Trade and Industry/Ofgem call for evidence on distributed energy: Submission from Sussex Energy Group', January, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

SEG (2007b) 'Proposed Corporate Strategy and Plan 2007-2012 - Sussex Energy group response to the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets', February, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Selivanova, Y. (2007) 'The WTO and energy: The WTO rules and agreements and their relevance to the energy sector', International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva.

Sell, M., Lee, B. and Walls, M. (2005) 'Emerging issues in the interface between trade, climate change and sustainable energy', International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva.

Shove, E. (2004) 'Sustainability, system innovation and the laundry', in Elzen, B., Geels, F. W. and Green, K. (eds) System Innovation and the Transition to Sustainability: Theory, Evidence and Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 76-94.

Sioshansi, F. P. (2008) 'Electricity market reform: Progress and remaining challenges', in Sioshansi, F. P. (ed) Competitive Electricity Markets: Design, Implementation, Performance, Elsevier, Oxford.

Sijm, J. (2005) 'The impact of the EU emissions trading scheme on the price of electricity in the Netherlands', Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), Petten.

Smith, A., Stirling, A. and Berkhout, F. (2005) 'The governance of sustainable sociotechnical transitions', Research Policy 34, 1491-510.

Smith, A. and Stirling, A. (2007) 'Moving outside or inside? Objectification and reflexivity in the governance of socio-technical systems', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning 8, 1-23.

Smith, A. (2007) 'Translating sustainabilities between green niches and sociotechnical regimes', Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 19, 427-450.

Smith, A. E. and Ross, M. T. (2002) 'Allowance allocation: Who wins and loses under a carbon dioxide control program?', Centre for Clean Air Policy, Washington, DC.

Socolow, R. (2005) 'Stabilization wedges: Mitigation tools for the next halfcentury', presented to the symposium Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, 1-3 Feb, Met Office, Exeter.

Söderbaum, P. (2007) 'Issues of paradigm, ideology and democracy in sustainability assessment', Ecological Economics 60, 613-26.

Soerenson, B. (2000) Renewable energy, Academic Press, New York.

Sorrell, S. (2004) 'Understanding barriers to energy efficiency', in Sorrell, S., O'Malley, E., Schleich, J. and Scott, S. (eds) The Economics of Energy Efficiency, pp. 25-93.

Sorrell, S. (2006a) 'Follow-up submission to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee inquiry on climate change: Citizen's agenda', Sussex Energy Group, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Sorrell, S. (2006b) 'Submission to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee inquiry on climate change: Citizen's agenda', Sussex Energy Group, SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Sorrell, S., Schleich, J., O'Malley, E. and Scott, S. (2004) The Economics of Energy Efficiency: Barriers to Cost-Effective Investment, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Sorrell, S. and Sijm, J. (2003) 'Carbon trading in the policy mix', Oxford Review of Economic Policy 19, 420-37.

Sorrell, S. and Skea, J. (eds) (1999) Pollution for Sale: Emissions Trading and Joint Implementation, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Spash, C. L. (2007) 'Climate change: Need for new economic thought', Economic and Political Weekly 42, 483-90.

SPRU-RIIA (1989) 'A single European market for energy', Royal Institute of International Affairs, London.

Stagl, S. (2007) 'Emerging methods for sustainability valuation and appraisal', report to the Sustainable Development Research Network, January, http:// = 129.

Starkey, R. and Anderson, K. (2005) 'Domestic tradable quotas: The policy instrument for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from energy use', Technical Report 39, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Norwich.

Stern, N. (2006a) 'Stern Review on the economics of climate change: Executive summary', HM Treasury, London.

Stern, N. (2006b) The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Stirling, A. (1998) 'On the economics and analysis of diversity', SPRU Electronic Working Papers 28, December, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Stirling, A. (1999) 'The appraisal of sustainability: Some problems and possible responses', Local Environment 4, 111-35.

Stirling, A. (2006) 'Analysis, participation and power: Justification and closure in participatory multi-criteria analysis', Land Use Policy 23, 95-107.

Stirling, A. (2007) 'A general framework for analysing diversity in science, technology and society', Journal of the Royal Society Interface 4, 707-19.

Stockhammer, E., Hochreiter, H., Obermayr, B. and Steiner, K. (1997) 'The Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW) as an alternative to GDP in measuring economic welfare: The results of the Austrian (revised) ISEW Calculation 1955-1992', Ecological Economics 21, 19-34.

Stoker, G. (2002) 'Life is a lottery: New Labour's strategy for the reform of devolved governance', Public Administration 80, 417-34.

Strahan, D. (2007) The Last Oil Shock: A Survival Guide to the Imminent Extinction of Petroleum Man, John Murray, London.

Strong, M. (2003) 'Stockholm plus 30, Rio plus 10: Creating a new paradigm of global governance', in Speth, J. (ed) Worlds Apart, Island Press, Washington, DC, pp. 33-52.

Sullivan, J. (2007) Judgment C0/8197/2006, 15 February, Royal Courts of Justice, London.

Surrey, J. (ed.) (1996) The British Electricity Experiment. Privatisation: The Record, the Issues, the Lessons, Earthscan, London.

Tansey, J., Gee, D., Leach, M., Ravetz, J., Scott, A., Stirling, A., Szersynski, B. and Wakeford, T. (2006) 'Hasty energy review risks failing to win public trust' Nature 440, 148.

Tapio, P. (2002) 'The limits to traffic volume growth: The content and procedure of administrative futures studies on Finnish transport CO2 policy', PhD thesis, University of Helsinki.

TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) (2006) 'Climate change and technology transfer: Status review paper', a report to British High Commission, TERI, New Delhi.

UK Government (2006) 'Response to the Report and Recommendations of the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management, 25 October', Defra, London.

UN (1992) 'United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change', http://

UN Economic and Social Council (2007) 'Policy options and possible actions to expedite implementation: energy for sustainable development - Report of the Secretary General', Report to Commission on Sustainable Development, E/CN. 17/2007/2, htm.

UN-Energy (2005) 'The energy challenge for achieving the Millennium Development Goals', UN, Geneva.

UN-Energy (2006) 'Energy in the United Nations: an overview of UN-Energy activities', UN, Geneva.

Unruh, G. C. (2000) 'Understanding carbon lock-in', Energy Policy 28, 817-30.

Unruh, G. C. (2002) 'Escaping carbon lock-in', Energy Policy 30, 317-25.

Unruh, G. C. (2006) 'Globalizing carbon-lock-in' Energy Policy 34, 1185-97.

Valovirta, V. (2002) 'Evaluation utilization as argumentation', Evaluation 8, 60-80.

van de Kerkhof, M. and Wieczorek, A. (2005) 'Learning and stakeholder participation in transition processes towards sustainability: Methodological considerations', Technological Forecasting and Social Change 72, 733-47.

van der Vleuten, E. and Raven, R. (2006) 'Lock-in and change: Distributed generation in Denmark in a long-term perspective', Energy Policy 34, 3739-48.

van Praag, B. and Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. (2004) Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

van Vliet, B. (2004) 'Shifting scales of infrastructure provision', in Southerton, D., Chappells, H. and van Vliet, B. (eds) Sustainable Consumption: The Implications of Changing Infrastructures of Provision, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 67-80.

Vatn, A. and Bromley, D. W. (1994) 'Choices without prices without apologies', Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 26, 126-48.

Vedung, E. (1991) 'Utvärdering i politik och förvaltning', Studentlitteratur, Lund.

Vergragt, P. J. (2005) 'Back-casting for environmental sustainability: From STD and SusHouse towards implementation', in Weber, M. and Hemmelskamp, J. (eds) Towards Environmental Innovation Systems, Springer, Berlin, pp. 301-18.

Vogler, J. (2005) 'The European contribution to global environmental governance', International Affairs 81, 836-50.

Voß,J. and Kemp, R. (2006) 'Sustainability and reflexive governance: Introduction', in Voß, J., Bauknecht, D. and Kemp, R. (eds) Reflexive Governance for Sustainable Developement, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 3-28.

VROM (2001) 'Where there's a will there is a world': 4th National Environmental Policy Plan', Ministry of Housing, Spatial planning and the Environment, Directorate-General for the Environment, The Hague.

VROM (2003) 'Transition progress report: Making strides towards sustainability', Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, Directorate-General for th

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Living Off The Grid

Living Off The Grid

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Living Off The Grid. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To When Living Within The Grid Is Not Making Sense Anymore.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment