'Appraisal' is used here to mean the detailed business of identifying, characterising and evaluating policy and technology options in order to facilitate decision making. This is undertaken in anticipation of new policies or policy changes, and/or in order to review and learn from experience. To decide on specific answers before undertaking such appraisals risks undermining trust and legitimacy. Good appraisal is vital, but inevitably takes place within a wider political framework: direct institutional reforms and legislation on procedural requirements are often prerequisites.

Appraisal processes should first open up policy options to broad scrutiny and deliberation by the public, stakeholders, experts and policymakers. This entails openness to different framings of the policy problems to be addressed. Following this, decisions must be taken and the options must therefore be 'closed down' into a package of policy proposals; one that the deliberations suggest should be most effective in achieving the agreed policy goal to the satisfaction of interested parties. An ongoing process of appraisal is then needed to review and evaluate the effectiveness and the consequences of decisions that have been taken and implemented. Policy evaluations can help the processes of policy learning, and can also be used to hold policymakers to account for success or failure. Conflicts can arise between these two aims, and care is needed to not erode trust or discourage initiative and innovation.

Living Off The Grid

Living Off The Grid

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Living Off The Grid. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To When Living Within The Grid Is Not Making Sense Anymore.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment