Literature Cited

Achard, F., H. D. Eva, H. J. Stibig, P. Mayaux, J. Gallego, T. Richards, and J. Malin-greau. 2002. Determination of deforestation rates of the world's humid tropical forests. Science 297:999-1002. Andreasen, J. K., R. O'Neill, R. Noss, and N. C. Slosser. 2001. Considerations for the development of a terrestrial index of biological integrity. Ecological Indicators

Araujo, M. B. 2003. The coincidence of people and biodiversity in Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12:5-12. Bramwell, D. 2002. How many plant species are there? Plant Talk 28:32-33. CBD. 1997a. Recommendations for a core set of indicators of biological diversity. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/3/9. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 1997b. Recommendations for a core set of indicators on biological diversity. Background paper prepared by the Liaison Group on Indicators of Biological Diversity. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/3/INF/13. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 2003a. Consideration of the results of the meeting on "2010: The Global Biodiversity Challenge". UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/9/inf/9. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 2003b. Integration of outcome-oriented targets into the programmes of work of the convention, taking into account the 2010 biodiversity target, the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, and relevant targets set by the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Decision IX/13. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 2003c. Monitoring and indicators: Designing national-level monitoring programmes and indicators. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/9/10. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CBD. 2003d. Proposed indicators relevant to the 2010 target. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/9/ inf/26. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CDB. 2003e. Report of the expert meeting on indicators of biological diversity including indicators for rapid assessment of inland water ecosystems. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/ 9/INF/7. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity.

CGER. 2000. Ecological indicators for the nation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Clark, K. R., and R. M. Warwick. 1998. A taxonomic distinctness index and its statistical properties. Journal of Applied Ecology 35:523—531.

Constanza, R., R. D'Arge, R. De Groot, S. Farber, M. Grasso, B. Hannon, K. Limburg, S. Naeem, R. V. O'Neill, J. Paruelo, R. G. Raskin, P. Sutton, and M. van den Belt. 1997. The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387:253-260.

Cowling, R. M., G. E. Gibbs Russell, M. T. Hoffman, and C. Hilton-Taylor. 1989. Patterns of plant species diversity in southern Africa. Pp. 19-50 in Biotic diversity in southern Africa: Concepts and conservation, edited by B. J. Huntley. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

Crawley, M. J. 1993. GLIM for ecologists. London: Blackwell Scientific.

De Groot, R. S. 1992. Functions of nature. Evaluation of nature in environmental planning, management and decision making. Amsterdam: Wolters-Noordhoff.

Delbaere, B. (ed.). 2002a. Biodiversity indicators and monitoring: Moving towards implementation. Tilburg: European Centre for Nature Conservation.

Delbaere, B. (ed.). 2002b. An inventory of biodiversity indicators in Europe. Tilburg: European Centre for Nature Conservation.

Faith, D. P. 2002. Quantifying biodiversity: A phylogenetic perspective. Conservation Biology 16:248-252.

Faith, D. P., and K. J. Williams. 2006. Phylogenetic diversity and biodiversity conservation. Pp. 233-235 in 2006McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

FAO. 2001. Global forest resources assessment 2000. Main report. Rome: FAO.

FAO. 2003. State of the world's forests 2003. Rome: FAO.

French, D. D. 1994. Hierarchical Richness Index (HRI): A simple procedure for scoring "richness" for use with grouped data. Biological Conservation 69:207—212.

Govaerts, R. 2001. How many species of seed plants are there? Taxon 50:1085-1090.

Gregory, R. D., N. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Noble, A. F. Brown, J. A. Robinson, J. Hughes, D. A. Proctor, D. W. Gibbons, and C. A. Galbraith. 2002. The population status of birds in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands and the Isle of Man: An analysis of conservation concern 2002-2007. British Birds 95:410-448.

Hughes, J. R., G. C. Daily, and P. R. Erlich. 1997. Population diversity: Its extent and extinction. Science 278:689-692.

Hurlbert, S. H. 1971. The non-concept of species diversity: A critique and alternate parameters. Ecology 52:577-586.

Iszak, J., and L. Papp. 2000. A link between ecological diversity measures and measures of biodiversity. Ecological Modelling 130:151-156.

IUCN. 2002. 2002 IUCN Red List of threatened species. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Jenkins, M., R. E. Green, and J. Madden. 2003. The challenge of measuring global change in wild nature: Are things getting better or worse? Conservation Biology 17:20-23.

Karr, J. R. 2002. Understanding the consequences of human actions: Indicators from GNP to IBI. Pp. 98-110 in Just ecological integrity: The ethics of maintaining planetary life, edited by P. Miller and L. Westra. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Kinzig, A., D. Tilman, and S. Pacala (eds.). 2001. Biodiversity and ecosystem function: Empirical and theoretical analysis of the relationship. Monographs in Population Biology 33. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kutsch, W. L., W. Steinborn, M. Herbst, R. Baumann, J. Barkmann, and L. Kappen. 2001. Environmental indication: A field test of an ecosystem approach to quantify biological self-organisation. Ecosystems 4:49-66.

Leakey, R., and R. Lewin. 1995. The sixth extinction: Patterns of life and the future of humankind. New York: Random House.

Liu, J., G. C. Daily, P. R. Ehrlich, and G. W. Luck. 2003. Effects of household dynamics on resource consumption and biodiversity. Nature 421:530-533.

Loh, J. (ed.). 2002. Living planet report 2002. Gland, Switzerland: WWF International.

Longhurst, A. 1998. Ecological geography of the sea. San Diego: Academic Press.

Loreau, M., S. Naeem, and P. Inchausti (eds.). 2002. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: A synthesis. New York: Oxford University Press.

MA. 2003. Ecosystems andhuman well-being: A framework for assessment. A report of the

Conceptual Framework Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.

MA. 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being: Biodiversity synthesis. A report of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.

Magurran, A. E. 2004. Measuring biological diversity. Oxford: Blackwell.

Margules, C. R., and R. L. Pressey. 2000. Systematic conservation planning. Nature


Moldan, B. 1997. Geobiosphere load: A tentative proposal for a comprehensive set of policy-relevant indicators. Pp. 164-169 in Sustainability indicators, SCOPE 58, edited by B. Moldan and S. Billharz. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Myers, N., R. A. Mittermeier, C. G. Mittermeier, G. A. B. da Fonseca, and J. Kent. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403:853-858.

Naeem, S. 2002. Disentangling the impacts of diversity on ecosystem functioning in combinatorial experiments. Ecology 83:2925-2935.

Nei, M. 1972. Genetic distance between populations. American Naturalist 106:283-292.

Noss, R. F. 1990. Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: A hierarchical approach. Conservation Biology 4:355-364.

Pankhurst, C. E., B. M. Doube, and V. V. S. R. Gupta (eds.). 1997. Biological indicators of soil health: Synthesis. Pp. 419-435 in Biological indicators of soil health, edited by C. E. Pankhurst, B. M. Doube, and V. V. S. R. Gupta. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Pielou, E. C. 1969. An introduction to mathematical ecology. New York: Wiley Interscience.

Prance, G. T., H. Beentje, J. Dransfield, and R. Johns. 2002. The tropical flora remains undercollected. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 87:67-71.

Reid, W. V., J. A. McNeely, D. B. Tunstall, D. A. Bryant, and M. Winograd. 1993. Biodiversity indicators for policy makers. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.

Rojstaczer, S., S. M. Sterling, and N. J. Moore. 2001. Human appropriation of photosynthesis products. Science 294:2549-2552.

Royal Society. 2003. Measuring biodiversity for conservation. Policy document 11/03. London: The Royal Society.

Sanderson, E. W., M. Jaiteh, M. A. Levy, K. H. Redford, A. V. Wannebo, and G. Woolmer. 2002. The human footprint and the last of the wild. BioScience 52:891-904.

Santini, F., and A. Angulo. 2001. Assessing conservation biology priorities through the development of biodiversity indicators. Rivista di Biologia 94:259-276.

Scholes, R. J., and R. Biggs (eds.). 2004. Ecosystem services in southern Africa: A regional assessment. Pretoria, South Africa: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. Available at

Scholes, R. J., and R. Biggs. 2005. A biodiversity intactness index. Nature 434:45-49.

Scotland, R. W., and A. H. Wortley. 2003. How many species of seed plant are there? Taxon 52:101-104.

Sherman, K., L. M. Alexander, and B. D. Gold (eds.). 1990. Large marine ecosystems: Patterns, processes, and yields. Washington, DC: AAAS Publications.

Smith, T. M., and H. Schugart (eds.). 1996. Plant functional types. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stockwell, D. R. B. 1994. Genetic Algorithm for Rule-set Production (GARP). Available at

Takezaki, N., and M. Nei. 1996. Genetic distances and reconstruction of phylogenetic trees from microsatellite DNA. Genetics 144:389-399.

ten Brink, B. J. E. 2000. Biodiversity indicators for the OECD environmental outlook and strategy. RIVM Feasibility Study Report 402001014. Bilthoven, the Netherlands: RIVM.

Tienderen, P. H., A. A. van de Haan, C. G. van der Linden, and B. Vosman. 2002. Biodiversity assessment using markers for ecologically important traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17:577-582.

UNDP. 2003. Human development report 2003. New York: United Nations Development Programme.

UNEP. 2002. Global environmental outlook 3. London: Earthscan.

Vitousek, P. M., P. R. Ehrlich, A. H. Ehrlich, and P. Matson 1986. Human appropriation of the products of photosynthesis. BioScience 36:368-373.

Wackernagel, M., C. Monfreda, and D. Deumling. 2002. Ecological Footprint of the Nations: November 2002 update. Oakland, CA: Redefining Progress.

WCMC. 2000. Global biodiversity: Earth's living resources in the 21st century, by B. Goombridge and M. D. Jenkins. Cambridge, UK: World Conservation Press.

Wilkinson, C. (ed.). 2000. Status of coral reefs of the world: 2000. Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science. Available at GCRMN2000.pdf.

Williams, P. H., K. J. Gaston, and C. J. Humphries. 1998. Mapping biodiversity value world-wide: Combining higher-taxon richness from different groups. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences 264:141-148.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Whole Health

Whole Health

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Better Total Health. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To An Introduction To Your Overall Health For You And Your Loved Ones.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment