List of Figures Tables Boxes and Appendices

Figures

2.1. Six different baselines for one indicator value 35

3.1. The weight of the environment decreases as the number of human domains increases 51

3.2. Hierarchy and scales, from sustainable development to base data 52 4.1. Purposes for which GEO-2000 is used 74

5.1. Communication language of the Dashboard of Sustainability 85

5.2. Policy cycle in a media society using an SDI 86

5.3. Social pillar of sustainable development 87

5.4. Environmental pillar of sustainable development 88

5.5. Economic pillar of sustainable development 89

5.6. Institutional pillar of sustainable development 90

5.7. Global picture: Sustainable development by country groups 92

5.8. Effective communication: The map of Africa 93 7.1. Northern perception of sustainable development 112

8.1. DPSIR framework for reporting on environmental issues 128

8.2. DPSIR links and associated information flows 131

8.3. DPSEEA model of environmental health 132

8.4. Main stages in the policy life cycle, supported by data, information, and knowledge 133

8.5. Indicator use in the policy life cycle 133

8.6. Example of a descriptive indicator: Share of organic farming in total agricultural area 136

8.7. Example of a performance indicator: Projected progress toward Kyoto

Protocol targets 137

8.8. Example of an eco-efficiency indicator: Total energy consumption and gross domestic product, EU-25 138

8.9. Example of a policy effectiveness indicator: Reduction of sulfur dioxide emissions in the electricity sector, EU 139

9.1. Virtuous cycle for EPI 149

9.2. Three-legged stool model of sustainable development 152

9.3. Sustainable development in three overlapping ellipses 153

9.4. Never-ending triangle of sustainable development 154

9.5. Concentric ring or egg model of sustainable development 155

9.6. Scope of GEAR-SD 157

11.1. Conceptual model for a river basin management system 180

11.2. Checking for inconsistencies in the system 181

11.3. Influence matrix with weighted flows 184

12.1. General scheme of material flow accounting 195

12.2. Grouping of material flows according to volume and impact 196

13.1. SOx emissions from energy use versus GDP, 1990-2002 214

13.2. Decoupling factors for CO2, 1990-2002 218

14.1. GBLoadAREA, 2000 231

14.2. GBLoadPOP, 2000 231

14.3. GBLoadGDP, 2000 232

14.4. GBLoadpop, GBLoadAREA, and GBLoadGDp combined results, 2000 232 15.1. Components of the DPSEEA framework 241

16.1. Compositional, structural, and functional attributes of biodiversity at four levels of organization 251

17.1. Findings of a case study on the relationship between HANPP and various landscape ecological indicators in lower Austria 279

17.2. Correlation analyses between log(NPPt) and the logarithm of species numbers of various groups 281

19.1. Telos sustainability triangle 313

19.2. Relationship among capital, stocks, requirements, and indicators 315

19.3. Visual representation of the actual situation and the direction of development, by indicator 317

19.4. Visual representation of the structure of the sustainability triangle 318

19.5. Differences and similarities between Brabant and the three other regions 319

19.6. Venn diagram of requirements 324

19.7. Venn diagram of indicators 325

20.1. Sustainability demonstration of ecopolis development in China 330

20.2. Social-Economic-Natural Complex Ecosystem (SENCE) and its sustainability dimension 331

20.3. Three dimensions of sustainable development 332

21.1. Renewable energy supply index by sector and global total, 1990-2002 345

21.2. Number of parties to multilateral environmental agreements,

1971-2004 346

21.3. Protected area coverage of large marine ecosystems, 2004 346

21.4. Mean biological oxygen demand in surface waters by selected region,

1979-1990 and 1991-1999 349

21.5. Concentrations of SO2 in air in selected cities, 1985-2000 349 22.1. Typology of sustainable development indicators 354

23.1. ESI architecture: aggregation scheme 362

Tables

2.1. Interlinkage indicators in the four-pillar sustainable development framework 29

2.2. Stage of development in indicators to meet conceptual challenges 43

3.1. Case study: Applying assessment criteria to three economic headline indicators 57

4.1. User categories and needs 72

7.1. Selected social objectives and criteria 111

9.1. Some criteria for assessing environmental integration into economic sector activities 147

9.2. A checklist of criteria for evaluating sectoral and cross-sectoral EPI 150

9.3. An EEA framework for evaluating complex and conflicting scientific evidence on environment and disease 158

9.4. Different levels of proof for different purposes: Some examples and illustrations 159

12.1. Overview of material flow analysis indicators 198 13.1. OECD environmental indicator selection criteria 216

16.1. List of single indicators (single variable related to a reference value) that are in use 259

16.2. Composite indicators that are currently in use 262

20.1. Indicators for system sustainability assessment in Yangzhou ecocity development 337

20.2. Sustainability assessment of Yangzhou ecocity planning (2005-2020) 340 21.1. GEO Year Book 2003 indicators 348

22.1. ILAC indicators according to proposed classification 357

23.1. ESI components and indicators 363

23.2. ESI ranking and scores 365

Boxes

3.1. Limiting purpose and scale: The EEA and DEFRA experiences 60

3.2. Satisfying measurability without neglecting communicability: The Wellbeing of Nations 61

4.1. Seven key questions on transport and the environment in the European Union 67

8.1. What is an indicator? 135

8.2. Six steps of indicator building 140

8.3. Description of the transport problem in the EU 140

8.4. Seven key questions on transport and the environment in the EU 141

9.1. GEAR-SD: A framework for environmental assessment and reporting in the context of SD 156

14.1. GBLoad calculation steps 229

15.1. Indicators and associated DPSEEA links 245

19.1. Definitions of relevant terms 312

19.2. Stocks 314

19.3. Labor stock 317

Appendices

1.1. Comments on selected indicators, indices, and indicator sets 14 7.1. Core institutional indicators, suggestions, and sources 118

Getting Started With Solar

Getting Started With Solar

Do we really want the one thing that gives us its resources unconditionally to suffer even more than it is suffering now? Nature, is a part of our being from the earliest human days. We respect Nature and it gives us its bounty, but in the recent past greedy money hungry corporations have made us all so destructive, so wasteful.

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