Geobiosphere Load Index

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Aarhus Convention, 29 Abundance, 255-256, 263, 276 Acceptance, 7, 41, 172, 224 Achieving a Better (Quality of Life, 296, 374

Aggregate indicators, 11, 53, 282 Aggregation. See also Indices biodiversity and, 191 decoupling indicators and, 217-218 DPSEEA framework and, 242 EFA and, 227-228 ESI and, 362-364 GEO indicator set and, 346 importance of, 4, 11

Index of Environmental Friendliness and, 380

indicator types and, 53-54 integrated assessments and, 164 methodology of, 383-384 MFA and, 198-199 SENCE concept and, 334 Wellbeing of Nations indices and, 61 Yangzhou study and, 335-336, 341 Air quality, 132, 215, 244-245, 304, 349 Alpha biodiversity, 252 Arab Human Development Report, 112 Area-based indicators, 199, 228, 230-233, 256-257

Assessments, 163, 321-322. See also

Integrated assessments Assumptions, 171

Atmosphere, 348. See also Climate change Atomistic approach, 152, 154

Audiences, communication and, 63 Austria, 272-273, 278-280, 281-282

Balaton Group indicators, 373 Barbados Programme of Action for Small

Island Developing States, 169-170 Barometer of sustainability, 23, 61, 181 Barometers, 23, 61, 181, 301, 305, 377 Baseline monitoring, 5, 35, 251-252, 300 Basic Law for Establishing a Sound Material-

Cycle Society, 203, 206 Benchmarks, 5, 76

Bergson-Samuelson function of economic welfare, 98-99 Beta biodiversity, 252 Biases biodiversity and, 253-254 DPSEEA framework and, 242-243 ESI and, 364

indicator development and, 37-41, 68 integrated assessments and, 171 SENCE concept and, 334 strengths and weaknesses of, 82 Yangzhou study and, 336 Biodiversity Impact Indices, 265 Biodiversity indicators. See also Human

Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP) basis of definitions for, 250-253 data issues and, 263-264 ecosystem- level area-based, 256-257 functional, 257-258 gene-level, 253

Biodiversity indicators (continued) GEO set and, 348 ILAC set and, 357 inferential and composite, 258-259 integrity, 258 overview of, 249-250 policy and, 264-266 population abundance based, 255-256 research needs of, 266 species-based, 250, 253-255 status of, 190-191 use of, 259-263 Biodiversity Intactness Index (BII), 256, 262,

265-266 Biogeochemical cycling, 258 Biomass, 199, 272-274, 276-277 Birds, 299 Booklets, 302

Boundaries, 9, 30-31, 68-69, 111 Brabant. See Telos Method Brazil, 113

Brentham function of economic welfare, 99, 101-102 Bribe Payers Index, 377 Bruntdland Commission, 108, 195 Business Competitiveness Index (BCI), 379 Businesses, 6-7, 73, 114, 379

Canada, 376

Capacity, 3, 32-33, 69, 224, 261 Capital critical natural capital and, 4, 32 forms of, 31-32 human, 31, 109-110 NCI and, 256, 262, 265-266, 381 social, 28, 31, 110, 310 Telos Method and, 309, 310, 312, 315-317

Carbon dioxide, 356. See also Greenhouse gases Carcinogens, 159 Cardiff Process, 146 Caribbean Islands, 354-356 Carrying capacity, 3, 32-33, 224 Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), 17, 361 Change, 55, 130. See also Climate change

Charismatic species, 256 Children, 238, 246 China indicator assessment in, 290, 329-330 methodology in, 333-335 SENCE concept and, 330-333 Yangzhou study and, 335-341 City Development Index (CDI), 377 Classification systems, 116 Climate change, 164, 215, 306, 348. See also

Greenhouse gases Climate Change Convention, 263 Coevolution, 115-116 Coherence, 148, 150 Collapse, 5, 130, 219, 300 Collective actors, 114-115 Commission on Sustainable Development

indicators of, 28, 91-92, 94, 373 integrated assessments and, 168-169 lack of use of indicators of, 82, 92-94 overview of, 2, 22, 381 policy integration and, 149 Communication Africa and, 93

assessment criteria for, 56-59 audiences and, 63 defined, 61-62 importance of, 6-7 policy and, 70-71 QSSI and, 178

UK case study and, 294, 296-297,

301-302 UK-DEFRA and, 60 Comparisons, 38-39, 186 Compendium of Sustainable Development

Indicator Initiatives, 385 Competitiveness inhibitors, 372 Complementarity measures, 255 Complexity, proxies and, 54-55 Composite indicators, 11, 239, 258-259,

262, 362, 385 Comprehensive Experimental Community for Sustainable Development, 329 Concentric ring model, 153, 154, 155 Conflict resolution, 115-116 Consistency, 142, 165, 182-183

Construction materials, 199 Consultative Group on Sustainable Development Indices (CGSDI), 85, 169, 374 Consumption indicators biomass consumption and, 274 DEC and, 227-228 DMC and, 198, 201-202, 226 Index of Economic Well-Being and, 168 MFA and, 226 OECD and, 371 Context, 76-77, 149-157, 312, 332 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),

Core environmental indicators (CEI), 20-21 Corporate actors, 6-7, 73, 114, 379 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), 14, 377 Corruption rate, 29 Countries, 38-39, 61, 364-367 Credibility, 69 Crime, 306

Critical natural capital (CNC), 4, 32 Critical Trends report, 166-167 CSD. See Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) Cultivated species, 252 Culture bias introduction and, 39-40, 68 biodiversity indicators and, 260 ecoculture, 329, 330 indicator selection and, 5-6 institutional indicators and, 115-116 integrated assessments and, 171 Cybernetics, 332 Cyclical use rate, 203 Czech republic, 375

Daily Triangle, 373 Daly, Herman, 195 Dams, 179-185

Dashboard of Sustainability (DS), 14, 84-91,

169, 374 Data aggregation and, 53-54, 164 availability of, 10 bias introduction and, 38 biodiversity indicators and, 263-264

collection of, 35-36 distortion and, 75 DPSEEA and, 242-243 environmental health and, 244 GEO set and, 343-344, 347 indicator development and, 352-353 integrated assessments and, 166 SENCE concept and, 334 Telos Method and, 320-321 Yangzhou study and, 336, 341 Decentralization, 118

Decision for the Earth: Balance, Voice, Power,

Decoupling indicators applicability of, 220-221 defined, 211, 213 development targets and, 218-219 DPSIR framework and, 131 environmental pressure, economic development and, 19-20, 136-137 methodology of, 216-218, 383 overview of, 3, 189-190, 211-212,

214-216 policy relevance and, 219-220 QSSI and, 183 reports on, 371 research needs of, 221 scientific validity of, 212-214 UK case study and, 298 Deforestation, 273, 348 DEFRA. See Department for Environment,

Food, and Rural Affairs Dematerialization indices, 58, 197, 200 Democracy, 7-8, 40-41 Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), 60, 299-301,

Depletion, 199

Descriptive indicators, 134-135 Developing countries. See Least developed countries (LDC) Development, 139-142, 164, 171-172,

336-340 Dioxins, 220

Direct energy input (DEI), 227 Direct material consumption (DMC), 198, 201, 226

Direct material input (DMI), 90, 198, 200, 226

Disasters, 122, 348

Diseases, 157-160

Dispute resolution, 122

Distance to target indicators. See Targets

Distortion, 75

Dobris Assessment, 129

Domains, defined, 50-52

Domestic energy consumption (DEC), 227

Domestic extraction (DE) index, 198, 199

Domestic material consumption (DMC),

198, 201, 226 Domestic processed output (DPO), 198, 201, 226

Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSIs), 83,

DPSEEA framework, 131, 132, 240-243 DPSIR framework acceptance of, 224 decoupling indicators and, 211-212 Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI)

and, 362 methodology of, 382 overview of, 128-131 policy life cycle and, 131-134 Driving force, pressure, state, impact, and response (DPSIR) framework. See DPSIR framework Driving forces biodiversity and, 28, 252-253 decoupling indicators and, 211-212, 219, 298

DPSEEA framework and, 241 DPSIR framework and, 130 policy and, 134 pressure and, 136 SENCE concept and, 332 spatial fragmentation and, 31 Duality of structure, 109 Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 129, 138 Dutch river basin management, 179-185

Ecocities, 329, 335-341 Ecoculture, 329, 330

Eco-efficiency indicators, 136-138, 215, 311

Eco-industry, 329, 330 Ecological capital, 310 Ecological Demonstration Districts, 329,

335-341 Ecological Footprint (EF) index decoupling indicators and, 216-217 Geobiosphere Load (GBLoad) Index and, 228

human footprint indicator and, 263 overview of, 15, 378 planetary carrying capacity and, 33 UK case study and, 297 Ecological resilience. See Resilience Economic capital, 310 Economy basic human rights and, 7-8 biomass consumption and, 274 competitiveness indicators and, 372 decoupling and, 215 DE of raw materials and, 200 environmental pressures and, 136-138, 193 greening of GDP and, 100-103 ILAC indicators and, 357 Index of Economic Well-Being and, 168 irreversibility and, 34 LDC and, 89-91

material flow indicators and, 16, 194 methodological division and, 51 North-South Continuum and, 37-38 QSSI and, 179 as reference scale, 198 sustainability and, 3-4, 82-83, 97-98 Telos Method and, 311 UK case study and, 305 welfare and, 98-100 Yangzhou and, 335-336, 337-338, 340 Ecoscapes, 329, 330

Ecoservice enhancement potentials, 338, 340

Ecosystem Assessments, 129

Ecosystems, 249-250, 256-257, 274-276,

311, 345 Ecosystem services, 225 Ecosystem Wellbeing Index (EWI), 61 Education, 110, 118-119, 306 Effect indicators, 241, 332 Effectiveness, 69, 134, 136-138, 141 Efficiency, 136-138, 214-215, 311

Egg model, 153, 154, 155 Elasticity, 214 Ellipses, 153

Emissions, 130, 139, 220, 356. See also Greenhouse gases

Employment, 87, 121, 139, 305, 316-317 Endemism, 191, 255, 259 Energy, 58-59, 274, 330, 333, 344 Energy flow accounting (EFA), 227-228 Environment. See also Health basic human rights and, 7 disease causation and, 157-160 economic pressure and, 136-137 ESI and, 363

indicator typology and, 353 LDC and, 88-89 linkage and, 29

Yangzhou and, 335-336, 337-338 Environmental Performance Indicators, 375

Environmental Pressure Indicators, 369-370 Environmental space concept, 33, 378 Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) components of, 363 methodology of, 361-364 overview of, 17, 291, 358, 359, 361, 378 results of, 91, 364-367 validity of, 168 Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI),

23-24, 33, 169-170, 358, 359 Equality, 109, 168 Equity, 40-41 Ethics, 7-8

European Commission, 204 European Common Indicators, 376 European Environment Agency (EEA) core indicators of, 16, 369 descriptive indicators and, 134-135 DPSIR framework of, 128-134 efficiency indicators and, 136-138 headline indicators and, 75 indicator development and, 139-142, 194 indicators of, 60, 125 performance indicators and, 135-136 policy and, 138-139, 157 total welfare indicators and, 139 European Joint Research Center, 14

European Union (EU), 138-140, 145-148,

372-373 Eurostat material flow studies and, 194, 374 publications of, 369-370 sustainable development and, 17 use of indices from, 16, 22, 92-93 EURO STOXX, 377 Evaluation, 157-160, 321-322, 385 Evapotranspiration, 258 Evenness, 252, 258 Evolutionary indicators, 255, 333 Exclusion, 306 Expenditures, 261 Exposure, 130, 238, 241 Extinction, 250-251, 254-255 Extraction, 196-199, 225

Feasibility, 56-59, 61

5th Environmental Action Programme

(5EAP), 146 Final energy use (FEU), 227 Finland, 374-375, 380 Fires, 330 Fisheries, 217 Flooding, 179-185 Flow indicators. See Rate indicators Food supply, 159, 257 Forestry, 256, 348

Fossil fuels, 199. See also Greenhouse gases Fragmentation proxies, 31, 256 Frameworks. See also DPSIR framework disease causation and, 157-160 GEAR-SD approach and, 149-157 indicator development and, 8-9, 28-30 methodology and, 384 policy integration and, 145-149 reasons for use of, 67, 127-128 Freedom House, 18, 378 Freedom in the World index, 18, 378 Freedom of information, 29 Friend, Anthony, 129 Friends of the Earth, 380 Function, 257-258, 332 Future of indicators, 13-14, 100, 291

Gamma biodiversity, 252

GDP. See Gross domestic product (GDP) GEAR-SD approach. See Guidelines for Environmental Assessment and Reporting in the Context of Sustainable Development Gender, 88, 119-120

Gene-level biodiversity indicators, 250, 253,

260, 275-276 Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), 379 Genuine savings, 379 Geobiosphere Load (GBLoad) Index, 190,

223-233, 263 GEO reports. See Global Environmental

Outlook (GEO) indicators Gini coefficient, 40, 87, 168, 338 Global Biodiversity Assessment (GBA), 65-66

Global Competitiveness Report, 372, 379 Global Conservation Organization, 256 Global Corruption Barometer (GCB), 377 Global Earth Observation System, 13 Global Environmental Outlook (GEO) indicators cultural perspectives and, 6 integrated assessments and, 165-166 overview of, 18-19, 290, 343-349, 370 use of GE0-2000 and, 71-77 Global Forest Resources Assessment, 256 Globalization, 91-92 Global Outlook 2000, 166 Global Reporting Initiative, 220 Global Urban Indicators Database, 376 GNP. See Gross national product (GNP) Governance index, 94 Governments, 108-109 Green gross domestic product, 97-104, 139 Greenhouse gases, 132, 216-218, 265, 356.

See also Climate change; Emissions Green National Accounts, 369 Green net domestic product, 82-83 Gross domestic product (GDP) assessment criteria for, 56-62 bias introduction and, 82 biodiversity and, 272 decoupling and, 211, 212 direct material input (DMI) and, 200 economic welfare and, 97-98

efficiency indicators and, 136 GBLoad Index and, 230-233 greening of, 100-103 growth debate and, 193 indices for replacement of, 84-91 industrialization and, 37-38, 39 overview of, 3-4, 379 SENCE concept and, 333 total welfare indicators and, 139 UK case study and, 297-298 weaknesses of, 83-84, 94, 100-101 Gross national product (GNP), 3-4, 223 Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI), 38, 379

Guidelines for Environmental Assessment and Reporting in the Context of Sustainable Development (GEAR-SD), 151-157 Guilds, 258

Habitat Agenda, 376 Habitat loss, 348 Habitat-species matrix, 262 Hard targets, 5, 76

Headline indicators, 75, 295-296, 344, 374 Health core indicators for, 241-243 development of indicators for, 243-247 DPSEEA framework and, 240-243 ILAC indicators and, 357 indicator development and, 190, 237-240, 243-247

institutional indicators and, 113, 120-121 UK case study and, 306 Health-for-All (HFA) policy, 243 Health System Achievement Index, 370 Heterotrophs, 278 Hidden flows (HF), 225, 227 Holistic reporting, 153 Holland, 129, 138, 179-185 Hotspots, 258, 265 Household Surveys, 358 Housing, 113, 306

Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP) definitions for, 272-274 landscape diversity and, 278-280 pressures and, 191, 275-276

reasons for use of, 271—272 species richness and, 280—282 theoretical aspects of, 276—278 Human capital, 31, 109-110 Human Development Index (HDI), 19, 84,

172, 224-225, 372, 379-380 Human Development Report, 84, 167, 172, 372

Human Footprint indicator, 262. See also

Ecological Footprint (EF) index Human intervention, 332 Human rights, 109, 120 Human Wellbeing Index (HWI), 61 Hypothetical markets, 104

ILAC indicators, 354-356 Imbalance, 333

Imports-exports of materials and goods, 198,

199-200. See also Trade Incentives, 147 Income, 29, 57-58, 121 Indexing, 315

Index of Biotic Integrity, 258 Index of Economic Well-Being, 168 Index of Environmental Friendliness, 380 Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare

(ISEW), 102-103, 379, 380 Indicators daily life and, 83-84 defined, 10-11, 135, 177, 238 development of, 139-142, 351-352,

356-359 ILAC and, 354-356 overview of, 1-2, 12-13 proposal for new typology of, 353-354 synthetic indices and, 352-353 Telos Method and, 312, 314, 320,

324-325 types of, 10-11 Indices, 4, 11, 53, 164, 352-353 Indirect indicators, 260 Industrialization, 5, 37-38 Industry, 6-7, 73, 114, 379 Inequality, 357. See also Gini coefficient Inferential indicators, 258-259

Informal economy, 37-38 Information diversity indices, 252 Infrastructure, 202 Input indicators, 55, 226 Institutional indicators basic human rights and, 8 coevolution and, 115-116 current practice of, 113-114 current theory of, 111-112

definitions for, 109-110, 113, 114-115 development of, 28, 116-117 ILAC and, 357 importance of, 83

least developed countries (LDC) and,

90-91, 94 overview of, 107-111 policy integration and, 147 social interlinkage and, 120-122 specific indicators, 118-122 usefulness of, 51 Integrated assessments applicability of, 165-169, 173 examples of, 169-170 gaps in knowledge and, 173-174 ILAC indicators and, 356 importance of, 163-164 methodological aspects of, 170-171 relevance of, 171-172 scientific validity of, 164-165 Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment (IMAGE), 129 Integrative reporting, 153 Integrity biodiversity indicators, 258 Interlinkage indicators, 3, 29 International Agency for Research on Cancer, 159

International applications, 126, 163 International Council for Science, 163 Introduced species, 252, 254 Investment, 305 Irreversibility, 33-34 IUCN, 23

Japan, 203, 206

Johannesburg summit, 68, 86, 237 Joules, 228 Justice, 109, 110

Kyoto Protocol, 132, 137, 140

Labor productivity, 29, 316-317 Landscape diversity, 278-280 Land use, 130, 228, 230-233, 304, 330. See also Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP) Last of the Wild, 262, 265 Latin American and Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development (ILAC),

354-356 Leaflets, 301, 305

Least developed countries (LDC), 87-94, 291

Legislation, 260, 261

Legitimacy, 69, 70

Life cycle assessments, 197, 204

Linkage, 52, 152, 333

Living conditions, 337, 340

380-381 Local government, 72 Local Quality of Life Counts, 303 Logging, 273

Lund-Potsdam-Jena (LPJ) models, 283

Mangroves, 256 Manufactured capital, 31 Marine ecosystems, 345, 348, 349 Market integration, 147 Mass balance principle, 194 Material flow accounting (MFA) decoupling indicators and, 215 DE of raw materials and, 199 direct material input (DMI) and, 200 DMC and, 201 DPO and, 201 EFA and, 227-228 environmental relevance of, 195-197 GBLoad Index and, 225-226 geobiosphere load and, 224 imports-exports and, 199-200 indicators overview, 198-199 NAS and, 201-202 overview of, 193-195, 374 policy integration and, 203-204 research needs of, 204-205

RME and, 202-203 trade and, 201 use of, 189 Material intensities, 58-59 Measurability, 9-10, 56-59, 216, 229 Measurements data collection and, 35-36 frameworks and, 28-30 irreversibility and, 33-34 MFA and, 194-195 planetary carrying capacity and, 32-33 reference values and, 34-35 scale and, 30-31 simplification and, 36-37 strength of sustainability and, 31-32 vulnerability and resistance of, 33 Media, 72

Metainformation, 385 Metal, 330 Metaphors, 54-55 Methodologies aggregation level and, 53-54 audience variability and, 63 indicator strength and, 56-62 indicator types and, 54-55 integrated assessments and, 170-171 overview of, 49-50, 125-126 specific indicators and, 381-385 transparency and, 50-52 user involvement and, 62-63 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), 6,

20-21, 35, 91-94, 344-345 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 225 Minerals, 199, 330 Modeling, 30, 331 Molecular markers, 253 Monitoring, 148, 261, 311-312, 376 Multilateral environmental agreements

(MEAs), 345 Mutation, 250

National Eco-Agricultural Counties, 329

Native species, 252, 254

Natural Capital Index (NCI), 31, 256, 262,

265-266, 381 Naturalness, 228, 280 Natural resources, 212, 215, 219, 362

Net addition to stocks (NAS), 198, 201-202,

225-227 Net domestic product (NDP), 101 Netherlands, 129, 138, 179-185, 375. See also Telos Method Net primary production, 272. See also Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP) Never-ending triangle of sustainable development, 154 New Zealand, 113, 375 NGOs, 73, 113 Nietzsche function, 99 Noise, 244, 245 Nonmarket good pricing, 104 North-South Continuum, 37-38, 111-112, 364, 378

Organic farming, 136 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Program (OECD) consumption indicators of, 371 core indicators of, 20-21, 371 decoupling indicators and, 211, 371 DPSIR framework and, 128 indicator selection criteria of, 216, 229 indices developed by, 19-20 irreversibility and, 34 material flow studies and, 194 policy coherence checklist of, 148, 150 Orientations, 109, 115 Output indicators, 55, 226 Overlap of indicators, 324-325 Ozone, 348. See also Greenhouse gases

Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission,

169-170 Participation, 62-63, 178 Performance, 134, 135-136, 219, 335 Phylogenetic indicators, 255 Physical phenomena, 130, 260 Physical trade balance (PTB), 198, 201 Pillars, 28-30, 151-154, 309 Planetary carrying capacity, 32-33 Policy biodiversity and, 191, 264-266 communication and, 70-71

development process and, 66-70, 352-353

DPSIR and, 131-134

EAA indicators of, 138-139

global report use and, 71-77

impact and, 70-71

importance of, 65-66, 172

input and output indicators and, 55

institutional indicators for, 118

Japan and, 203

needs of, 73

OECD selection criteria and, 216, 229 QSSI and, 178 SDI and, 86-87 SENCE concept and, 335 state indicators and, 132-134 UK case study and, 298-299 Policy integration, 125, 145-149, 195-197, 203-204

Pollution, 219, 244, 245, 362. See also

Greenhouse gases Population abundance based indicators, 191,

255-256, 263, 276 Population density, 198, 230-233, 272 Population growth, 130, 213 Poverty, 238, 306, 357 Precautionary principle, 34, 157-160 Pressure, state, response (PSR) framework,

28, 240 Pressure Index, 224

Pressure indicators. See also Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP)

biodiversity and, 260, 262 decoupling indicators and, 219 DE of raw materials and, 199 DPSEEA framework and, 241 DPSIR framework and, 129, 130 drivers and, 136

geobiosphere load and, 224-233 HANPP and, 275-282 net primary production and, 191 as performance indicators, 135 policy and, 134 Primary productivity, 258 Probabilities, 159 Provisioning, 260

Proxy indicators, 11, 54-55, 252-253, 256,

334-335 Public institutions, 113 Public participation. See Participation Purpose, 56-59, 116

Qualitative measurements, 10-11, 54, 333-334

Qualitative System Sustainability Index

(QSSI), 177-186 Quality of life, 310

"Quality of Life Barometer", 301, 305 Quality of Life Counts, 295-296, 298, 299, 300, 302

Quantitative measurements, 10-11, 54, 159, 238, 333-334

Ranking, context and, 76-77 Rapport, David, 129 Rarefaction, 254 Rate indicators, 55

Rawls function of economic welfare, 99 Raw material domestic consumption (RMC), 202

Raw material equivalents (RMEs), 198, 200,

202-203 Raw materials, 199, 201 Raw material trade balance (RTB), 202-203 Recycling and reuse strategies, 197 Red Data List indicators, 262 Redefining Progress, 15 Reference values, 5, 34-35, 116 Regional Air Pollution Information and Simulation Model (RAINS), 129 Regional Quality of Life Counts, 302, 376 Relatedness, 253 Relative decoupling, 213 Reliability, 53, 54, 61 Reporting, 148, 149 Representativeness, 56-59 Reproductive societies, 116 Requirements, Telos Method and, 312,

313-314, 320, 323-324 Research, 73, 118-119, 173-174, 266 Resilience, 3, 33, 277, 310, 311 Resource efficiency, 214 Resource productivity, 29

Resources, 130, 199

Responsiveness, 3, 129-130, 138, 260-262 Richness, 191, 252, 253-254, 258. See also

Species richness Rivers, 179-185, 304

RIVM. See Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) Roads, 304

Sanitation, 244, 245, 348 Savings, 102, 379

School enrollment, 110

Scientific capacity, 69, 157-160, 221, 331

Scoring, 315-316

Securing the Future, 297

SEEA indicators, 371-372

Sensitivity. See Responsiveness

Sentinel indicators, 131-132

Similes, 11

Simplification, 36-37, 54-55 Social capital, 28, 31, 110, 310 Social cohesion, 115-116 Social-Economic-Natural Complex Ecosystem (SENCE) concept, 330-333 Social environmental and economic model

(SCENE), 179, 185 Social processes basic human rights and, 8 criteria for, 108-111 DPSIR indicators and, 130 ESI and, 362, 363 generational sustainability of, 174 HDI and, 372

ILAC indicators and, 356-358 institutional indicators and, 120-122 irreversibility and, 34 LDC and, 87-88 linkage and, 29, 37-38, 282 Telos Method and, 310 typology of indicators and, 353 Yangzhou and, 335-336, 338, 340 Soft targets, 5, 76 SOPAC, 23-24

Spatial dimensions, 30-31, 254, 274, 322, 332

Speciation, 250

Species Assemblage Trend Indices, 262 Species-based biodiversity indicators,

253-255, 259, 276 Species endangerment, 132 Species-energy hypothesis, 277-278 Species richness, 191, 253-254, 276,

280-282, 348 Spring council reporting, 149 Stability, 333 Stakeholders development process and, 62-63, 140 QSSI and, 178

Telos Method and, 313-314, 320 UK case study and, 294, 295 Standardization, 204, 241-242, 312, 333 Standard of living, 115 State Environmental Protection Agency

(SEPA), 329-330 State indicators biodiversity and, 252-253, 259-260 DPSEEA framework and, 241 DPSIR framework and, 129, 130 as performance indicators, 55, 135 policy and, 132-134 Stock indicators. See State indicators Stocks egg model and, 153

net addition to stocks (NAS) and, 201-202 QSSI and, 181-182

Telos Method and, 312, 315-317, 320, 323 STOXX, 377

Strategic environmental assessments, 219 Strength of sustainability, 31-32, 56-62 Stress-response framework, 129 Strong sustainability, 31-32 Structural Indicators, 22, 259, 372-373 Substance flow analysis (SFA), 197. See also

Material flow accounting (MFA) Substitute indicators, 11, 54-55, 252-253,

256, 334-335 Sulfur dioxide, 220, 349. See also Greenhouse gases Supercoupling, 221 Surrogate markets, 104 Surrogates, 252-253. See also Proxy indicators Sustainability defined, 97, 164, 277, 310 degrees of, 31-32 development vs., 164, 171-172 environmental health and, 244 GEAR-SD approach and, 156 overview of, 2-4, 12-13, 107 Sustainability Counts, 295 Sustainability impact assessments, 219 Sustainable consumption indicators, 371 Sustainable Development Index (SDI), 50,

86-87 Sweden, 61, 215, 375 Symbioses, 154 Synthesis Report, 372-373 Synthetic indicators, 53 Synthetic indices, 352-353 System science, 3, 28-30, 126

Taking It On, 296, 298 Targets biodiversity indicators and, 5, 261 CBD 2010 as, 369 decoupling and, 212, 218-219 identification of, 76 performance indicators and, 135 UK case study and, 300 Taxation, 29, 115, 197 Taxonomy, 254

Telos Brabant Centre for Sustainability

Issues, 289-290 Telos Method application of, 318-323 assessment of, 326 guiding principles of, 310-311 monitoring and, 311-312 overview of, 289-290, 309, 326 results of, 323-326 specific indicators of, 314 stocks and capital and, 315-317 terminology of, 312-314 Territory size, 198 Testing, 117 Threats, 260, 262 Threshold values, 5, 130, 219, 300 Time, 8-9, 30-31, 213, 220, 322, 332 Tons, 194-195, 226 Total domestic output (TDO), 226

Total energy consumption (TEC), 227, 228

Total material consumption, 226

Total material requirement (TMR), 205, 226

Total Pressure Index, 262

Total primary energy input (TPEI), 227

Toxicity, 195-197, 226

Tracking Key Environmental Issues, 376

Trade, 198-203, 225-226

Traffic, 304

Traffic light assessments, 300, 301 Transparency acceptance and, 14, 41 aggregation and, 54 corruption and, 377 methodological, 50-52 soft targets and, 5 UK case study and, 300 Yangzhou case study and, 341 Transparency International (TI), 14 Transport and Environment Reporting

Mechanism (TERM), 139, 140, 370 Transportation, 244, 245, 304 Transport intensity, 29 Trends, 31, 259-260, 262 Triangles, 154, 312, 313, 373

UK-DEFRA. See Department for

Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

U.N. Climate Change Convention, 263 U.N. Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). See Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) United Kingdom case study communication and, 294, 296-297,

301-302 first-generation indicators of, 294 headline indicators and, 295-296 indicator selection and, 298-299 international dimension of, 298 overview of, 374 policy and, 299

progress assessment and, 299-301 public consultation and, 296-297 quality-of-life and, 289, 293-294 regional and local indicators and, 302-303, 376

second-generation indicators of, 295 third-generation indicators, 296-298 United Nations Development Programme

(UNDP), 372 United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP). See also Global Environmental Outlook (GEO) indicators cultural perspectives and, 6 Global Biodiversity Assessment of, 65-66

indicator acceptance and, 172 indices developed by, 18-19 integrated assessments and, 165 Units, 53-54, 212-213 Universality, 37-41 Unused extractions, 225

"Used", 194, 199 Useful energy (UE), 227 Use indicators, 260, 262 Users, 6-7, 62-63

Values, 5-6. See also Culture Virtuous cycle, 149 Volume, 195-197, 212-213 Vulnerability, 3, 33, 122, 357, 362-363. See also Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI)

Waste, 201, 215, 304. See also Pollution Water quality, 132, 215, 330, 333, 348 Water resources planning, 357 Weak sustainability, 31-32 Wealth, 168

Weighting, 184-185, 199-200, 253-254,

315-317, 334, 364 Welfare, 97-100, 139 Wellbeing Index (WI), 23, 61, 381 Wellbeing of Nations, 60-61, 170 Wellbeing/Stress Index, 61 Wilderness Index, 262 Wildlife, 304 Wood, 330

Working papers, 384-385 World Bank, 91, 172, 379 World Development Indicators (WDI), 166, 373

World Development Report, 166

World Ecological Footprint, 170. See also

Ecological Footprint (EF) index World Economic Forum, 172 World Health Organization (WHO), 131,

132, 190, 243-247 World Health Report, 190 World Resources Institute, 194 World Resources reports, 166, 373

World Wildlife Fund indicator acceptance and, 172 Living Planet Index (LPI) of, 20, 170, 256, 262, 380-381 Wuppertal Institute, 205

Yangzhou case study, 335-341 Year Book reports, 344, 347

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Whole Health

Whole Health

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Better Total Health. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To An Introduction To Your Overall Health For You And Your Loved Ones.

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