Core institutional indicators suggestions and sources continued

Percentage of Service Delivery Point (SDP) at the primary health care level offering three or more integrated reproductive health services Contraceptive prevalence rate

Percentage of births assisted by health personnel trained in midwifery

Percentage of population with access to primary health care services Maternal mortality ratio

Number of nurses and doctors/1,000 inhabitants Body mass index Share of smokers in population Share of GDP spent on preventive health care Water expenditure as percentage of disposable income of households

Employment and Income Issues

Percentage of population employed

Ratio of average female wage to male wage

Ratio of top 1%, 3%, and 20% of private income to bottom 20% of private income Average real tax paid by top 20% of private income earners in comparison to national average tax paid* Spending on recreation as share of disposable income by gender

Time spent on leisure, paid and unpaid work, and travel by gender

Employees represented by elected councils or comparable institutions in the workplace Share of elected representative bodies with competencies for environment and development Share of elected representative bodies with codecision rights for employment policies Share of elected representative bodies with codecision rights for industrial strategies Share of workers covered by collective framework contracts (employers and trade unions)

UNFPA (1998)

UNFPA (1998) UNFPA (1998)

UNFPA (1998)

UNFPA (1998) UNDP (1994) Germany (1999) Germany (1999) Established UNDESA (1998)

Established Established Established

UNDESA (1998) UNDESA (1998) ILO (1993) ILO (1993) ILO (1993) ILO (1993) ILO (1993)

Sustainability Beyond Agenda 21

Vulnerability Indicators

Peripherality and accessibility: distance to main trading partners Export concentration: share of main products Convergence of export destination: share of recipients Dependence on import energy: share of total consumption External finance and capital: share of total investment Share of imported food in national food consumption

Indicator on Disaster Preparedness Share of population trained in first aid*

Trained helpers in disaster protection

(percentage of the population) Expenditures for disaster prevention (share of GDP)

Frequency of risk assessments and contingency plans in business*

Crowards (1999) Crowards (1999) Crowards (1999) Crowards (1999) Crowards (1999) Established

Lass and Reusswig (1997)

Lass and Reusswig (1997)

Lass and Reusswig


Share of defense spending in national budget Established

Share of armaments in total industrial exports Established

Share of armaments in total industrial production Established

Peace research expenditure Established

Time share of conflict management and de-escalation New training in the total education of police and armed forces*

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Survival Basics

Survival Basics

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