United Nations Security Council

In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf. (Article 24 of the UN Charter)

The two debates on environment in 2007 were the first but probably will not be the last. The G77 and some NGOs such as Stakeholder Forum argued that the issue of climate and energy security should first be debated within the Economic and Social Council and its subsidiary bodies, and then the UN General Assembly, before it is taken to the Security Council.

The present Security Council has five permanent members, each of which has a veto. George Bush senior said at the 1992 Earth Summit: 'The American way of life is not negotiable.' This position makes discussion on energy and climate security problematic, to say the least. If other bodies within the UN

cannot deal effectively with the gap between such rhetoric and the action required to reverse climate change, then the issue could end up being addressed in the Security Council as energy plays such a critical role to the US way of life.

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