United Nations Development Programme UNDP

Climate change is the defining human development issue of our generation. As the United Nations' global development network, UNDP's goal is to align human development and climate change management efforts by promoting mitigation and adaptation activities that do not slow down, but rather accelerate socioeconomic progress. (Vandeweerd, 2008)

The UNDP as the main development agency of the United Nations has offices in 135 countries and acts as the coordinator for the growing UN One Country programmes. Its budget dwarfs other UN bodies at around US$12 billion for the 2008 to 2009 biennium. Often involved with infrastructure projects, the UNDP is well placed to ensure that the types of development funding available through its offices are ones that only promote low-carbon economies.

Through its role in the Global Environment Facility, the UNDP has, over the last 15 years, helped to mobilize over US$2 billion to fund greater energy access and security, energy efficiency and clean development projects in over 100 countries. It has supported the ability of countries to access carbon markets, particularly the Clean Development Mechanism and joint implementation (JI). To date, the UNDP has implemented CDM and JI capacity development activities in over 20 countries. It also established the Millennium Development

Goal of Carbon Facility to assist developing countries in leveraging carbon finance for clean energy development and sustainable land-use practices.

The UNDP has developed substantial information resources on climate change and development, including the Adaptation Policy Framework, country climate risk profiles and portfolio-screening methodologies. These will be important in helping to build developing countries' ability to embed and integrate resilience-building and adaptive capacity within domestic policies and investment decision-making processes and practices. Increasingly, as climate change impacts affect the world, the UNDP network of disaster risk reduction specialists will play a significant role.

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