The international response to climate change

However, climate protection can only be achieved if all countries make their contribution. At the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 (UNFCCC, 1992), the necessity of a global response was first acknowledged internationally. The summit adopted the Framework Convention on Climate Change. In 1997, in the Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC, 1997) the industrialized countries acknowledged their particular responsibility and accepted binding targets for the reduction of their greenhouse gas emissions by 2012.

The Climate Change Conference in Bali in December 2007 (UNFCCC, 2007) was a decisive milestone for continuing the Kyoto process with ambitious targets beyond 2012. At the G8 Summit in Heiligendamm in June 2007, the major industrialized countries agreed to continue negotiations under the roof of the United Nations. Following the principle of 'common but differentiated responsibility', the G8 countries want to take on a leading role in the reduction of greenhouse gases in this process and committed themselves to halving global greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 as a long-term goal.

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