Origins of subnational cooperation From the Montreal Declaration to today

States and regions have been acting on climate change for many years. The process was energized by the 2005 Climate Leaders Summit in Montreal, held in conjunction with the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Sponsored by the Climate Group and the provincial governments of Quebec and Manitoba, this meeting brought together sub-national government and business leaders from around the world to discuss how they could further action on climate change, both individually and collaboratively.

The summit resulted in the Montreal Declaration, which has been signed by more than 30 sub-national governments from across the US, Canada, Europe, Africa, Australia and South America. The declaration commits signatories to setting short- and long-term GHG emission reduction goals. A range of measures to achieve these objectives, including energy efficiency, renewable energy, clean transport, fiscal mechanisms and sustainable forestry and agriculture programmes, are laid out in the declaration,. What's more, it commits signatories to work together, across continents, to speed up the shift to a global low-carbon economy.

Since the 2005 Climate Leaders Summit, leaders from states and regions from around the world have come together to work with the Climate Group through a Climate Alliance to progress the commitments in the Montreal Declaration. Today the 38 regions gathered in the Climate Alliance account for approximately 3 per cent of global population, 12 per cent of global GDP and 5.6 per cent of global carbon emissions.

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