1 Under Article 34 of the UN Charter, the Security Council may 'investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security'.

2 The UK has taken on commitments under the Kyoto Protocol and announced numerous measures at the domestic, regional and international level.

3 Many books, articles and newspaper columns have been devoted to the issue of Security Council reform. For an overview of the issue, see Wikipedia, 'Reform of the UN Security Council', Nations_Security_Council.

4 The need for significant action on mitigation and adaptation, including significant increases in investment patterns and new technologies, have been widely noted and endorsed by many groups. For instance, leaders of 16 of the world's largest economies recognized this at a summit in Hokkaido, Japan, in 2008; see www.iisd. ca/recent/recentmeetings.asp?id=5#mtg5587.

5 As an example of the contributions that these two processes have attempted to make towards the post-2012 negotiations under the UNFCCC, see two articles in the 11 July 2008 issue of Linkages Update: 'G8 Summit endorses long time climate change vision' and 'Hokkaido Toyako Major Economies Meeting adopts declaration, minus targets',

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