1 This chapter is based on an opinion delivered by the European Economic and Social Committee to the European Parliament in January 2009. The facts and analyses underlying it are derived from well-known international sources, such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA), and are too well known to need repetition here. The style is deliberately abrupt and staccato to concentrate attention on the enormity and urgency of the challenge and the wide range and scope of the actions needed to cope with it. The recommendations were drawn up for Europe, so some of the points in this chapter address the European situation. But, ceteris paribus, they can be applied equally to the situation of most other developed countries, and increasingly to the emerging economies of the developing world.

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