List of Contributors

Linda Adams is secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA). Formerly director of the California Department of Water Resources, she was appointed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in May 2006, making her the first woman to serve as head of the agency. As Cal/EPA's secretary, Adams oversees the environmental activities of the Air Resources Board, California Integrated Waste Management Board, State Water Resources Control Board, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Department of Toxic Substances Control, Department of Pesticide Regulation, and the approximately 5000 employees who serve the state's diverse environmental programmes. She is also Governor Schwarzenegger's lead negotiator on AB 32, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, and in this capacity works closely with states, provinces and countries around the world to develop a network of climate initiatives. As secretary, Adams has been instrumental in a number of environmental policies, including launching the Green Chemistry Initiative, which calls for a more comprehensive look at California's chemical policies, accelerating air quality improvement, and the state's bio-monitoring programme, which seeks to link environmental contaminants to human health. Adams has previously served in Governor Davis's administration as director of the Department of Water Resources and as chief deputy legislative secretary. Adams's most notable accomplishments include the Clean Cars/Clean Air legislation, earning her the Environmental Hero Award from the California League of Conservation Voters. Prior to this, she served as a staff member to the State Legislature for 20 years in various positions. She currently serves on the board of directors of the Sacramento Local Conservation Corps and is a long-time resident of Sacramento, California.

Nnimmo Bassey is a Nigerian human/environmental rights activist. He is the executive director of Environmental Rights Action (ERA) - Nigeria's foremost environmental rights advocacy group. He is also chair of Friends of the Earth International - the world's largest federation of grassroots organizations fighting for environmental and social justice. Friends of the Earth groups are found in 77 countries. Bassey is a member of the international steering committee of Oilwatch International. He is also a practising architect in Nigeria as well as a published writer and poet.

Ambassador Stuart Beck is permanent representative of the Permanent Mission of the Solomon Islands to the United Nations since 2004. Ambassador Beck holds an MA in international relations and South-East Asian politics from the University of Queensland, a foreign services certificate from Oxford University, and a BA in administration and political science from the University of the South Pacific. Ambassador Beck is an avid spokesman for small island states and the severe threats that they face due to climate change.

Craig Bennett is a deputy director at the University of Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership (CPSL) and, in this role, is also co-director of The Prince of Wales's Corporate Leaders Group on Climate Change (CLG). In late 2007, he led the CLG's work on the Bali Communiqué, which brought together 150 of the world's largest companies in support of a comprehensive, legally binding United Nations framework to tackle climate change. A year later, he led the work that resulted in the Poznan Communiqué in which companies from Europe, the US, Brazil, India, Japan, China and Australia agreed on some of the key elements needed for a global climate deal. Both initiatives generated significant political interest and media attention. Prior to joining CPSL, Bennett was the head of the Corporates, Trade and Globalization Campaign at Friends of the Earth. He also sat on the executive committee of Friends of the Earth International, the steering group of the Corporate Responsibility Coalition (CORE) and was a board member of the Trade Justice Movement (TJM). He has a BSc (Hons) in Human and Physical Geography and an MSc in Biodiversity Conservation. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS) and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA). He is also a visiting lecturer at the University of Bristol and the London Business School, sits on the board of Stakeholder Forum (the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) National Committee for the UK) and on the editorial board of Sustainable Business magazine. He is a member of the Corporate Responsibility Advisory Panel for the retail group Kingfisher.

Barbara J. Bramble is senior adviser for international affairs at the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) and a strong advocate to improve US policy regarding climate change, tropical deforestation and unsustainable agriculture production and trade. Over two decades, as the original founder and director of NWF's International Affairs Department, she developed innovative coalitions and grassroots support to reform the World Bank and other multilateral development banks; promote US leadership to reduce the threat of climate change; help to establish voluntary certification systems to promote sustainable forest and agriculture products; and advocate that international trade agreements promote, rather than frustrate, sustainable development. Bramble was a key organizer of the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and the Rio +5 Conference in 1997. More recently, for four years she worked with Mexican non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to enhance their advocacy and environmental education skills. In her current role as NWF's senior adviser, she is helping to develop international sustainability standards to guide the burgeoning biofuels industry, serving as chair of the steering board of the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels; she is also the immediate past chair of the Forest Stewardship Council in the US. She serves on the boards of several non-profit organizations in Mexico, Brazil and the US. She is an environmental lawyer, and has worked in the Executive Office of the US president, and in private law practice.

Gidon Bromberg is the Israeli director of EcoPeace/Friends of the Earth Middle East. Friends of the Earth Middle East is a unique regional organization that brings together Jordanian, Palestinian and Israeli environmentalists to promote sustainable development and advance peace efforts in the troubled Middle East. The organization has offices in Tel Aviv, Bethlehem and Amman, employs 37 paid staff and actively involves hundreds of volunteers. Bromberg founded the organization under the name of EcoPeace in 1994 and has been the Israeli director ever since. In 1997 he led the entry of the organization into Friends of the Earth International. He has spearheaded the advocacy campaigns of the organization both in Israel and internationally, and developed the cross-border community peace-building programme Good Water Neighbours that is seen as a model for other programmes in conflict areas. Bromberg speaks regularly on water, peace and security issues; including at the United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development; before the US House of Representatives, International Relations Committee; the European Parliament; and before the advisory meeting to the United Nations High-Level Panel on Security. In 2007 he was invited to join the prestigious East West Institute's International Task Force for Preventive Diplomacy. He was most recently selected for the 2007 World Fellowship at Yale University on global leadership. Bromberg is a member of the Israeli inter-ministerial committee on the future of the Dead Sea, of the Israel United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Committee and the inter-ministerial Committee for Sustainable Development in Israel. He has published over 20 academic and popular publications concerning Middle East environmental policy and water security issues.

Stavros Dimas is a Greek politician and, currently, European Commissioner for the Environment. He worked as a lawyer for the World Bank and Sullivan & Cromwell, a Wall Street law firm. Commissioner Dimas has been elected to the Greek parliament ten consecutive times since 1977 and has held leading posts in Greek politics. From 2000 to 2003 he was senior member of the Political Analysis Steering Committee of New Democracy and in 2004 he was briefly European commissioner for employment and social affairs. Commissioner Dimas has studied law and economics in Athens, Greece, and has an MA in Law from New York University. He considers climate change, preserving biodiversity and fostering eco-innovation to be key priorities for the European Union.

Jacques Diouf is director-general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Dr Diouf has held several positions of responsibility in national and international agricultural institutions: director of the European Office and the Agricultural Programme of the Marketing Board (Paris/Dakar); executive secretary of the African Groundnut Council in Nigeria; executive secretary of the West Africa Rice Development Association in Liberia; and adviser to the president and regional director of the International Development Research Centre, Ottawa (Canada). His expertise was put at the service of the executive and legislative branches of the Senegalese government as secretary of state for science and technology in the Cabinet and member of parliament; chairperson of the Foreign Relations Committee and secretary-elect, Dakar (Senegal); and ambassador, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Senegal to the United Nations, New York. He also served as secretary-general and special adviser to the governor of the Central Bank for West African States, Dakar (Senegal). He sat on the boards of a number of international institutions and produced several scientific publications. He has received numerous high awards from governments around the world and various academic recognitions (Doctor Honoris Causa and Membership of Academies of Agriculture and Science).

Ahmed Djoghlaf is an Algerian national. He has pursued a distinguished diplomatic career that has included postings with the government of Algeria and UNEP. He assumed the position of executive secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on 3 January 2006. His previous positions included assistant executive director of UNEP and director and coordinator of UNEP's division of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). He was also the general rapporteur of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (the Rio Earth Summit), vice chairman of the Eleventh Session of the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development, and vice president of the negotiating committee on the Framework Convention on Climate Change. Dr Djoghlaf has also chaired one of the two negotiating committees of the Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD). Prior to joining the United Nations, Dr Djoghlaf held a variety of key posts in the Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was adviser on environmental issues to the prime minister of Algeria and, prior to that, to three ministers of foreign affairs of Algeria. He holds the rank of minister plenipotentiary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and assistant secretary-general of the United Nations.

Felix Dodds is the executive director of Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future (SF). He has been active at the United Nations since 1990, attending the World Summits of Rio, Habitat II, Rio +5, Beijing +5, Copenhagen +5, the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and World Summit 2005. He has also been to all of the United Nations Commissions for Sustainable Development and the UNEP Governing Council meetings. He has set up three global NGO coalitions for UN conferences, summits and commissions: the

United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (1993); UN-Habitat II (1995); and the World Health Organization (WHO) Health and Environment Conference (1999). He co-chaired the NGO coalition at the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development from 1997 to 2001. He introduced stakeholder dialogues in 1996 through the United Nations General Assembly in November 1996 for Rio +5 and helped to run some of the most successful ones at Bonn Water (2001) and Bonn Energy (2004). He has written or co-edited the following books: Negotiating and Implementing Multilateral Environment Agreements (UNEP, 2007); Human and Environmental Security: An Agenda for Change (Earthscan, 2005); How to Lobby at Intergovernmental Meetings: Mine is a Café Latté (Earthscan, 2004); Earth Summit 2002: A New Deal (Earthscan, 2000); Multi-Stakeholder Process on Governance and Sustainability: The Way Forward - Beyond Agenda 21 (Earthscan, 1997); and Into the Twenty-First Century: An Agenda for Political Realignment (Green Print, 1988). He occasionally writes for the BBC Green Room and blogs from film festivals.

Michael K. Dorsey is assistant professor in Dartmouth College's Environmental Studies Programme, UK. He is a co-contributor of the recently re-released new edition volume Climate Change, Carbon Trading and Civil Society: Negative Returns on South African Investments (Rozenberg Press, The Netherlands, and University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, South Africa, 2008). For more than a decade Dr Dorsey has provided strategic guidance and advice to governments, foundations, firms and a multitude of others on the interplay of multilateral environment policy, finance and economic development matters. In 1992, he was a member of the US State Department Delegation to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Earth Summit). From 1994 to 1996 he was a task force member of President William Jefferson Clinton's Council on Sustainable Development. A member of the Sierra Club (www. sierraclub.org) since the mid 1980s, Michael served six years (1997 to 2003) on the club's national board. In 1997, in Glasgow, Scotland, Dr Dorsey was bestowed Rotary International's highest honour: the Paul Harris Medal for Distinguished Service to Humanity. Fluent in Spanish, from 1999 to 2001, Dr Dorsey lived in Ecuador and was a programme director based jointly with the Instituto de Estudios Ecologistas del Tercer Mundo and Acción Ecológica. While at Acción Ecológica Dr Dorsey co-led an initiative to monitor the commercialization of biodiversity in Ecuador as well as the other four countries in the Andean Pact. He is a graduate of the University of Michigan School of Natural Resources and Environment (BSc and PhD), Yale University's School of Forestry and Environmental Studies (MFS) and The Johns Hopkins University (MA). Before joining Dartmouth's faculty, he held the college's Thurgood Marshall Fellowship in Environmental Studies and Geography. Over the years, Dr Dorsey has also held visiting positions at various institutions around the world, including the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen at the Royal University of Groningen (The Netherlands) in 2001; the Department of Regional Planning at the Kungliga Tekniska Hogskolan (Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden) in

2002; and the Graduate School of Public and Development Management at the University of Witswatersrand (South Africa) in 2002. From April 2007 until November 2008 Dr Dorsey served as a member of Senator Barack Obama's Energy and Environment Presidential Campaign team. In January 2009 the Ford Foundation recognized Dr Dorsey's ongoing contribution to examining the interplay of finance, environmental policy and social justice concerns with a grant to support his research on how emerging carbon markets shape justice-based climate policies.

Elizabeth Dowdeswell was, until recently, president of Canada's Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO). NWMO's initial purpose was to conduct a study and develop a recommendation for the Government of Canada on the long-term management of Canada's used nuclear fuel. Having completed this assignment, she continues as special adviser to the board of NWMO. Dowdeswell has served as executive director of UNEP and undersecretary general of the United Nations, and assistant deputy minister of Environment Canada, responsible for the national weather and atmospheric agency, including negotiating the Framework Convention on Climate Change. She has also led a number of public inquiries into such politically sensitive issues as Canada's unemployment benefits programme and federal water policy. Her early career included terms as deputy minister of culture and youth for the Province of Saskatchewan, educational consultant, university lecturer and high-school teacher. She was appointed one of the first Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation mentors, helping to guide the public policy research of Trudeau scholars. She is also a visiting professor in genomics and global health at the Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto. Dowdeswell is a director on the board of several corporations and contributes in an advisory capacity to a number of not-for-profit organizations, including chairing the Scientific Advisory Committee of the new Council of Canadian Academies.

Ladeene Freimuth served as the deputy director of Friends of the Earth Middle East, where she worked on climate change and transboundary water management issues. She is also the founder of a domestic and international energy and environmental consulting firm, the Freimuth Group, LLC. She specializes in policy and strategic advising, lobbying, research and analysis, and project design, implementation and management. Her areas of expertise include renewable energy, energy efficiency, global climate change, alternative fuels and transportation, transboundary water management, and sustainable development. She has worked for 17 years with the US Environmental Protection Agency and the US Agency for International Development, a number of consulting firms and not-for-profit organizations. While working in US Congress, she drafted the first piece of legislation to reduce air and greenhouse gas emissions from stationary power plants. She has also has written major pieces of energy efficiency, renewable energy and alternative transportation legislation. Freimuth received a BA in Government from Wesleyan University and an MA in International Resource Policy and Eurasian Studies from the

Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, US, with emphases on global warming and transboundary water management.

Sigmar Gabriel is currently serving as federal minister for the environment and nature conservation and nuclear safety minister in the cabinet of Angela Merkel, Germany. He is a member of German Social Democratic Party. In 1999 he was the minister-president of Lower Saxony and served until 4 March 2003. He held other posts in the Lower Saxony government. In 2008 he acted as president of the Ninth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Winston Gereluk represents Public Services International (PSI) on matters relating to the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) and environmental issues, generally. The PSI is an international trade secretariat for public service trade unions, and as such represents millions of public employees around the world. Gereluk has participated in delegations and the production of literature on behalf of the Global Unions at the United Nations CSD and is a member of Greenpeace. He is employed by the Alberta Union of Provisional Employees, an affiliate of the National Union of Public and General Employees in Canada. He also instructs and develops industrial relations courses for Athabasca University in Alberta, Canada.

Devyani Gupta has worked on sustainable development, humanitarian aid, refugees and migration with a number of organizations, including the European Commission (EC), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future and the International Institute for Environment and Development. She is fluent in Hindi and holds an MA (University of Chicago) in International Relations. She is currently working as a consultant, advising on health and social care issues with assignments at the UK Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) organizations and local government.

Andrew Higham is currently Issue Manager supporting global climate change negotiations on technology development and transfer within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. He was previously an expert with the International Climate Policy Group within the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) where he advised the UNFCCC on finance issues, including the development of the EGTT recommendations on financing options to the AWG-LCA, and on financing indicators for monitoring the implementation of the Convention. He was also a leading Australian adviser in sustainability, climate change, marine and water policy. He co-authored the Western Australian State Sustainability Strategy and the 1998 State of the Environment Report, and has led or contributed to a wide range of government policies, strategies, task forces and reports. He has served as the strategies director and vice president of the Australian Conservation Foundation, a ministerial adviser in the fields of science, environment, water and climate change, and has played a leading role in a several Australian environmental policy reforms, including as a member of the Australian Emissions Trading Taskforce. He was previously an expert advisor to the United Nations Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) International Environmental Technology Centre, and helped to establish the Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002.

Steve Howard is the chief executive officer of The Climate Group, an organization that he co-founded in 2003 to bring together business and government and set the world economy on the path to a low-carbon prosperous future. Howard has worked on global social and environmental issues from within business, NGO and UN settings. He has lead the establishment of the Climate Group in the US, Australia, China, India, Canada and Brussels. He chairs the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Climate Change and is an adviser to the Virgin Earth Challenge. Prior to his role with The Climate Group, Howard was a partner in the consultancy ERM, where he led on corporate social responsibility. Previously he was the founding director of the Global Forest and Trade Network for the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) International and chairman of the 95+ Group. He was also chairman of the UK Forest Stewardship Council, where he helped to achieve a far-reaching consensus on a national forest certification standard, and founding chairman of the Tropical Forest Trust, which he helped establish to deliver ethically sourced tropical timber.

Nader al Khateeb holds a BSc in Geological Engineering from the Middle East Technical University in Turkey and an MSc in Environmental Management from the Loughborough University of Technology in the UK. He is the general director of the Water and Environmental Development Organization (WEDO), a Palestinian organization active in the environmental sector. He is also the Palestinian director of Friends of the Earth Middle East, a regional organization that brings together Jordanian, Palestinian and Israeli environmentalists to promote sustainable development of the shared resources in the Middle East. He has over 20 years of experience in water management. Khateeb was a senior water resource engineer with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), working as a consultant on the ultimate creation of the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA), and was then a senior water resource engineer with the PWA, coordinating water and wastewater projects. He carried out feasibility studies of the Industrial Waste Management in Hebron, worked with UNESCO to prepare a conceptual Emergency Master Plan for the Bethlehem region and trained municipal engineers in the Gaza Strip on wastewater collection and treatment systems. Khateeb also served as chief engineer for the Bethlehem, Beit Jala and Beit Sahour Water Authority and project manager for their drainage and sewerage project.

Melinda Kimble is a senior vice president at the United Nations Foundation and oversees its International Bioenergy Initiative. She joined the United Nations

Foundation in May 2000; prior to this, she served as a state department foreign service officer, attaining the rank of minister-counsellor. She served in policy-level positions in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, overseeing multilateral development issues and debt policy; in the Bureau of Oceans, International Environment and Scientific Affairs (OES), leading environmental negotiations (e.g. the Climate Change Conference in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997). Her assignments abroad include the Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt and Tunisia. She speaks French and Arabic and holds two Master's degrees: Economics (University of Denver) and MPA (Harvard's Kennedy School of Government). In a personal capacity she serves on the Board of International Science Organizations of the National Academies of Science and on the US National Commission for UNESCO. She is a member of the Women's Foreign Policy Group and the Women's Council on Energy and Environment.

Johan Kuylenstierna currently works as the chief technical adviser to the chair of United Nations-Water, an interagency mechanism supporting increased collaboration among the 26 United Nations agencies and programmes with water issues as part of their mandate. He is based at the FAO in Rome. He also holds an adjunct professorship at Stockholm University. Johan has previously worked as a project director at the Stockholm International Water Institute, as a senior consultant focusing on corporate social responsibility, corporate core value processes and international stakeholder consultation processes. He also has previous experience from the United Nations system as a scientific officer at the World Meteorological Organization and as a junior professional officer at the Division for Sustainable Development (UNDSD) at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. He has worked for many years as a university teacher and has his research background in palaeoclimatology and physical geography.

Jürgen Maier has been the director of the German NGO Forum Environment and Development in Berlin since 1996. This network coordinates the participation of Germany's NGOs in international negotiations on sustainable development, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity, World Trade Organization (WTO) summits, etc. He is a board member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB). Maier was formerly the director of the German Asia Foundation during 1993 to 1996 and international secretary of the Green Party Germany during 1987 to 1991.

Munqeth Mehyar received his BA in Regional Planning and Architecture from the University of Louisiana, US, in 1981. In 1994, he co-founded the regional environmental organization EcoPeace/Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME). He is chairman of the organization and director of the Amman office, leading FoEME activities concerning the Jordan River, Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. As chairman, his responsibilities include the supervision of international project development and management; liaison and lobbying of governmental and private-sector figures on major regional policy issues relevant to environmental protection; development of international contacts and functional partnerships with international environmental and development institutions; and has represented the organization in international and regional forums and conferences. He has also organized dozens of regional conferences, workshops and study tours, has supervised regional research on shared ecosystems and co-authored reports and policy papers. He is on the board of directors of both the Jordan Sports Federation for the Handicapped and the Jordan Royal Ecological Diving Society. He is also founder and director of the Jordan Society for Sustainable Development, an environmental NGO based in Amman. Recently, he received a medal from Al Houssain Distinguished Giving.

Michael Moore is currently a project manager at the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), where he has worked since 2005. His main responsibility within SIWI relates to programme coordination of the World Water Week, an annual conference in Stockholm that brings together water experts and professionals around issues related to water and development. Moore also works in the Swedish Water House, specializing in environmental flows, agricultural water management and freshwater ecosystems. He has been involved in the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture and is currently a steering committee member for the Global Environmental Flows Network. Prior to SIWI, he was based in Brisbane, Australia, as an environmental project management consultant. His technical background is in ecology and land and water processes, with a focus on the riverine systems in western Queensland, Australia.

Derek Osborn is the president of Stakeholder Forum. He is also a member of the European Economic and Social Committee and vice president of their Sustainable Development Observatory. Previously, he was director general of the UK Department of the Environment, chairman of the European Environment Agency, and chair or member of several other bodies concerned with sustainable development in the public, private and voluntary sectors. In 1997 he co-chaired the United Nations General Assembly negotiations assessing global progress on sustainable development five years after the Earth Summit in Rio, producing a programme for its further implementation. His book Earth Summit II: Outcomes and Analysis, co-authored with Tom Bigg and with a foreword by The Right Hononourable Tony Blair, was published by Earthscan in 1998.

Lucien Royer is director of the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) International Department. Until July 2008 he was the health, safety and environment officer for both the Global Unions and the Trade Union Advisory Committee (TUAC) to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) where he coordinated programmes throughout the world and represented trade unions at the United Nations, OECD and other intergovernmental bodies with respect to health, safety and environment. He currently chairs UNEP's Major Group Facilitating Committee. Originally from western Canada, he was involved in environmental litigation and environmental law reform and was a founding member of the Canadian Environmental Network. He formed part of the Canadian government delegation at the European preparatory meeting for the Earth Summit in 1990 and at Rio in 1992. He has led the trade union delegation at UN CSD meetings since 1993.

Marthinus van Schalkwyk is minister of environmental affairs and tourism of the Republic of South Africa. He has been a member of parliament since 1990, and from 2002 to 2004 was the premier of Western Cape Province. He lectures in political science at the Rand Afrikaans University and University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. Van Schalkwyk has led the South African delegation to international climate change negotiations since 2004 and currently holds the chairpersonship of the African Ministers Conference on Environment (AMCEN). He is also director of the Business Trust, an initiative that combines the resources of the government and business to create jobs, build capacity and combat poverty.

Richard Sherman serves as the programme manager for the International Institute for Sustainable Development Reporting Services' (IISD RS) Africa Regional Coverage Project. He was a former team leader and writer from 2002 to 2005. In addition, Sherman works as a consultant to Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future and the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, with a particular focus on institutional reform and global governance. From 1998 to 2001 he was a member of the South African government's climate change delegation and has played an active role in the South African NGO sector since 1995. His previous books were 10 Days in Johannesburg: A Negotiation of Hope, with Pam Chasek and Chris Spence (UNDP and South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, 2004); and Environment and Development Decision Making in Africa 20062008 (IISD, 2008). He previously worked for GLOBE and Earthlife Africa, as well as being an active member of the Climate Action Network (CAN).

Andrew Simms is currently head of the global economy programme at the think tank the New Economics Foundation (nef) and an adviser to Christian Aid, the overseas development agency. In the past he studied at the London School of Economics and worked in politics for a range of development and environment organizations. In particular, he has been part of campaigns on debt, climate change, food security and genetically modified food, and corporate accountability. He is currently working on a Global Green New Deal.

Chris Spence is the deputy director of reporting services at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and manages the Climate Change Team for the institute's well-known publication, Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB). He has written and lectured on climate change for many years and is the author of Global Warming: Personal Solutions for a Healthy Planet (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Nicholas Stern (Lord Stern of Brentford, Kt, FBA) is IG Patel Professor of Economics and Government at the London School of Economics (LSE), where he is also head of the India Observatory within the LSE's Asia Research Centre and chairman of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. In 2005, he was appointed by the UK government to conduct the influential Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. Prior to that he was head of the Government Economic Service and, from 2003 to 2005, Second Permanent Secretary to Her Majesty's Treasury; from 2004 to 2005 he was director of policy and research for the Prime Minister's Commission for Africa. Previously, having held academic posts at the universities of Oxford and Warwick and the LSE, he was then chief economist for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and, subsequently, chief economist and senior vice president of the World Bank. Research and publications have focused on the economics of climate change, economic development and growth, economic theory, tax reform, public policy, and the role of the state and economies in transition. He has published more than 15 books and 100 articles. He has served on committees for Oxfam, the Overseas Development Agency (ODA) and the United Nations. He is a fellow of the British Academy (since July 1993) and has Foreign Honorary Membership of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (since 1998) as well as honorary doctorates from a number of universities, including Warwick and Cambridge.

Dave Trouba is head of communications at the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) in Geneva, Switzerland. Prior to joining WSSCC in 2008, he worked for ten years at the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), serving as its communications director. He was responsible for the overall communications, marketing and media strategies for SIWI and its various sub-programmes, including the World Water Week in Stockholm. From 1991 to 1998, he was the public information manager at the Water Environment Federation (WEF) in Alexandria, Virginia, US. Upon completing his degree in journalism from Benedictine College in Atchison, Kansas, US, he worked with Communications and Conference Coordination at JT&A, an environmental consulting firm in Washington, DC. His professional philosophy is based on the belief that communications play an important role in bridging the divide between knowledge and action in our efforts to overcome water, sanitation, environment and human development challenges. In his spare time, he co-hosts the radio programme Think Globally (www.thinkgloballyradio.org).

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