Isbn 0122120515

A catalogue for this book is available from the British Library

Transferred to digital printing 2005.

Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgments 1X

Chapter 1 The Ozone Problem 1

1.1 The Ideal Gas Law 4

1.2 Ozone Morphology 5

1.3 The Decline of Ozone 10

Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Stratospheric Chemistry 18

2.1 Kinetics 18

2.2 The Continuity Equation 28

2.3 Lifetimes, Time-scales, and Time Constants 30

2.4 Coordinate Systems 33 Problems 39

Chapter 3 Ozone Production and Loss 41

3.1 Chapman Chemistry 41

3.2 The Odd-oxygen Family 42

3.3 Catalytic Loss Cycles 47

3.4 Odd-oxygen Production and Loss Rates 52 Problems 57

Chapter 4 Chemical Families and Partitioning 59

4.1 Chemical Families 60

4.3 Odd Nitrogen—Nov 79

4.6 Other Halogen Families 112

Problems 115

Chapter 5 Transport 117

5.1 Transport Into and Out of the Stratosphere 119

5.2 The General Circulation 126 Problems 136

Chapter 6 Volcano!! Effects of the 1991 Eruption of Mount Pinatubo on the Stratosphere 137

6.1 Evolution of the Aerosol Surface Area from 1985 to 1997 137

6.2 Effect of an Increase in Aerosol Abundance 139

6.3 The Net Effect 149 Problems >51

Chapter 7 Polar Chemistry 152

7.1 The Antarctic 152

7.2 The Arctic 174 Problems 183

Appendix 184

Terms and Definitions >84

References Index

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