Barber, V. A., G. P. Juday and B. P. Finney, 2000: Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress, Nature,


Bonan, G. B., D. Pollard and S. L. Thompson, 1992: Effects of boreal forest vegetation on global climate, Nature, 359, 716-718 Chambers, S. D. and F. S. Chapin, III, 2002: Fire effects on surface-atmosphere energy exchange in Alaskan black spruce ecosystems: Implications for feedbacks to regional climate, Journal ofGeophysical Research, 108, 8145, doi:8110.1029/2001JD000530 Chapin III, F. S., W. Eugster, J. P. McFadden, A. H. Lynch and D. A. Walker, 2000: Summer differences among arctic ecosystems in regional climate forcing, Journal of Climate, 13, 2002-2010 Chapin III, F. S., T. Hollingsworth, D. F. Murray, L. A. Viereck and M. D. Walker, 2006: Floristic diversity and vegetation distribution in the Alaskan boreal forest, in F. S. Chapin III, M. W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. A. Viereck and D. L. Verbyla (eds) Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York Chapin, F. S., III, T. S. Rupp, A. M. Starfield, L. DeWilde, E. S. Zavaleta, N. Fresco and A. D. McGuire, 2003: Planning for resilience: Modeling change in human-fire interactions in the Alaskan boreal forest, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1, 255-261

Chapin, F. S., III, M. Sturm, M. C. Serreze, J. P. McFadden, J. R. Key, A. H. Lloyd, A.

D. McGuire, T. S. Rupp, A. H. Lynch, J. P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W. L. Chapman, H.

E. Epstein, E. S. Euskirchen, L. D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C. L. Ping, K. D. Tape, C. D. C. Thompson, D. A. Walker and J. M. Welker, 2005: Role of land-surface changes in Arctic summer warming, Science, 310, 657-660

Cramer, W., A. Bondeau, F. I. Woodward, I. C. Prentice, R. A. Betts, V. Brovkin, P. M. Cox, V. Fisher, J. A. Foley, A. D. Friend, C. J. Kucharik, M. R. Lomas, N. Ramankutty, S. Sitch, B. Smith, A. White and C. Young-Molling, 2001: Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models, Global Change Biology, 7, 357-373 Dissing, D. D. and D. L. Verbyla, 2003: Spatial patterns of lightning strikes in Interior Alaska and their relations to elevation and vegetation, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 770-785 Flannigan, M. D., K. A. Logan, B. D. Amiro, W. R. Skinner and B. J. Stocks, 2005:

Future area burned in Canada, Climatic Change, 72, 1-16 Foley, J. A., J. E. Kutzbach, M. T. Coe and S. Levis, 1994: Feedbacks between climate and boreal forests during the Holocene epoch, Nature, 371, 52-54 Gillett, A. J. Weaver, F. W. Zwiers and M. D. Flannigan, 2004: Detecting the effect of climate change on Canadian forest fires, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L18211, doi:10.1029/2004GL020876 Huntington, H. P., S. F. Trainor, D. C. Natcher, O. Huntington, L. DeWilde and F. S. Chapin, III, 2006: The significance of context in community-based research: Understanding discussions about wildfire in Huslia, Alaska, Ecology and Society, 11 (available at Johnson, E. A., 1992: Fire and Vegetation Dynamics. Studies from the North American

Boreal Forest, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Johnstone, J. F. and F. S. Chapin, 2006: Effects of soil burn severity on post-fire tree recruitment in boreal forests, Ecosystems, 9, 14—31 Johnstone, J. F. and E. S. Kasischke, 2005: Stand-level effects of burn severity on post-fire regeneration in a recently-burned black spruce forest, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 2151-2163 Hinzman, L. D., L. A. Viereck, P. C. Adams, V. E. Romanovsky and K. Yoshikawa, 2006: Climate and permafrost dynamics of the Alaskan boreal forest, in F. S. Chapin III, M. W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. A. Viereck and D. L. Verbyla (eds) Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York Kasischke, E. S., and J. F. Johnstone, 2005: Variation in post-fire organic layer thickness in a black spruce forest complex in Interior Alaska and its effects on soil temperature and moisture, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 2164-2177 Kasischke, E. S. and B. J. Stocks (eds), 2000: Fire, Climate Change, and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest, Springer-Verlag, New York Kasischke, E. S. and M. R. Turetsky, 2006: Recent changes in the fire regime across the North American boreal region--spatial and temporal patterns of burning across Canada and Alaska, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L09703, doi:10.1029/2006GL025677

Kasischke, E. S., L. L. Bourgeau-Chavez and J. F. Johnstone, 2007: Assessing spatial and temporal variations in surface soil moisture in fire-disturbed black spruce forests using spaceborne synthetic aperture radar imagery - implications for post-fire tree recruitment, Remote Sensing of Environment, 108, 42-58, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.10.020 Kasischke, E. S., D. Williams and D. Barry, 2002: Analysis of the patterns of large fires in the boreal forest region of Alaska, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 11, 131—

Kurz, W. A. and M. J. Apps, 1999 : A 70-year retrospective analysis of carbon fluxes in the Canadian forest sector, Ecological Applications, 9, 526—547 Lloyd, A. H., J. A. Lynch, M. E. Edwards, V. Barber, B. P. Finney and N. H. Bigelow, 2006: Holocene development of the Alaskan boreal forest, in F. S. Chapin III, M. W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. A. Viereck and D. L. Verbyla (eds) Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York Magdanz, J. S., C. J. Utermohle and R. J. Wolfe, 2002: The Production and Distribution of Wild Food in Wales and Deering, Alaska, Technical Paper 259, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Subsistence, Kotzebue Maier, J. A. K., J. Ver Hoef, A. D. McGuire, R. T. Bowyer, L. Saperstein and H. A. Maier, 2005: Distribution and density of moose in relation to landscape characteristics: Effects of scale, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 2233—2243 McGuire, A. D. and F. S. Chapin, III, 2006: Climate feedbacks in the Alaskan boreal forest, in F. S. Chapin III, M. W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. A. Viereck and D. L. Verbyla (eds) Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York Nelson, J. L., E. Zavaleta and F. S. Chapin, III, In review: Boreal fire effects on subsistence resources in Alaska and adjacent Canada, Ecosystems O'Neill, K. P., D. D. Richter and E. S. Kasischke, 2006: Succession-driven changes in soil respiration following fire in black spruce stands of Interior Alaska, Biogeochemistry, 80, 1—20

Osterkamp, T. E., 2005: The recent warming of permafrost in Alaska, Global and

Planetary Change, 49, 187—202 Randerson, J. T., H. Liu, M. Flanner, S. D. Chambers, Y. Jin, P. G. Hess, G. Pfister, M. C. Mack, K. K. Treseder, L. Welp, F. S. Chapin, III, J. W. Harden, M. L. Goulden, E. Lyons, J. C. Neff, E. A. G. Schuur and C. Zender, 2006: The impact of boreal forest fire on climate warming, Science, 314, 1130—1132 Rupp, T. S., M. Olson, J. Henkelman, L. Adams, B. Dale, K. Joly, W. Collins and A. M. Starfield, 2006: Simulating the influence of a changing fire regime on caribou winter foraging habitat, Ecological Applications, 16, 1730—1743 Rupp, T. S., A. M. Starfield, F. S. Chapin, III and P. Duffy, 2002: Modeling the impact of black spruce on the fire regime of Alaskan boreal forest, Climatic Change, 55, 213— 233

Slaughter, C. W. and L. A. Viereck, 1986: Climatic characteristics of the taiga in interior Alaska, in K. Van Cleve, F. S. Chapin, III, P. W. Flanagan, L. A. Viereck and C. T. Dyrness (eds) Forest Ecosystems in the Alaskan Taiga, Springer-Verlag, New York Sukhinin, A. I., N. H. F. French, E. S. Kasischke, J. H. Hewson, A. J. Soja, I. A. Csiszar, E. Hyer, T. Loboda, S. G. Conard, V. I. Romasko, E. A. Pavlichenko, S. I. Miskiv and O. A. Slinkin, 2004: AVHRR-based mapping of fires in eastern Russia: New products for fire management and carbon cycle studies, Remote Sensing of Environment, 93, 546-564

Van Cleve, K., L. A. Viereck and C. T. Dyrness, 1996: State factor control of soils and forest succession along the Tanana River in Interior Alaska, U.S.A., Arctic and Alpine Research, 28, 388-400 Viereck, L. A., C. T. Dyrness, K. Van Cleve and M. J. Foote, 1983: Vegetation, soils, and forest productivity in selected forest types in Interior Alaska, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13, 703-720 Werner, R. A., K. F. Raffa and B. L. Ilman, 2006: Dynamics of phytophagous insects and their pathogens in Alaskan boreal forests, in F. S. Chapin III, M. W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. A. Viereck and D. L. Verbyla (eds) Alaska's Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York Yoshikawa, K., W. R. Bolton, V. Romanovsky, M. Fukuda and L. D. Hinzman, 2002: Impacts of wildfire on the permafrost in the boreal forests of Interior Alaska, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, 8148, doi:10.1029/2001JD000438, 2002 [printed 108 (D1), 2003]

Zasada, J., R. A. Norum, R. M. Van Veldhuizen and C. E. Teutsch, 1983: Artificial regeneration of trees and tall shrubs in experimentally burned upland black spruce/ feather moss stands in Alaska, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13, 903-913

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment