Barras, J. A., 2006: Land Area Change in Coastal Louisiana After the 2005 Hurricanes: A Series of Three Maps, US Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center, Lafayette, Louisiana, Open-File Report 2006-1274 (available at of/2006/1274/, accessed 18 October 2006) Barras, J., S. Beville, D. Britsch, S. Hartley, S. Hawes, J. Johnston, P. Kemp, Q. Kinler, A. Martucci, J. Porthouse, D. Reed, K. Roy, S. Sapkota and J. Suhayda, 2003: Historical and Projected Coastal Louisiana Land Changes: 1978—2050, US Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center, Lafayette, Louisiana, Open-File Report 03-334

Bell, G. D., E. Blake, C. W. Landsea, M. Chelliah, R. Pasch, K. C. Mo and S. B. Goldenberg, 2007: Tropical Cyclones: Atlantic Basin, in A. Arguez (ed.) State of the Climate in 2006, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, S1—S135 Cahoon, D. R., P. F. Hensel, T. Spencer, D. J. Reed, K. L. McKee and N. Saintilan, 2006: Coastal wetland vulnerability to relative sea-level rise: Wetland elevation trends and process controls, in J. Verhoeven, D. Whigham, R. Bobbink, and B. Beltman (eds) Wetlands as a Natural Resource, Vol. 1: Wetlands and Natural Resource Management, Springer Ecological Studies series, Heidelberg, Germany Cazenave, A. and R. S. Nerem, 2004: Present-day sea level change: Observations and causes, Reviews ofGeophysics, 42, 10.1029/2003RG000139 Census Bureau, 2000: Census 2000, US Department of Commerce, Washington DC Coleman, J. M., H. H. Roberts and G. W. Stone, 1998: The Mississippi River Delta: An

Overview, Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 698—716 Cooke, C. W., 1945: Geology of Florida, Bulletin 29, Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee

Draut, A. E., G. C. Kineke, D. W. Velasco, M. A. Allison and R. J. Prime, 2005: Influence of the Atchafalaya River on recent evolution of the chenier-plain inner continental shelf, northern Gulf of Mexico, Continental Shelf Research, 25, 91—112 EIA, 2005: Hurricane Impacts on the US Oil and Natural Gas Markets, US Energy

Information Administration, Washington DC (available at, accessed 5 June 2007) Elsner, J. B., 2006: Evidence in support of the climate change-Atlantic hurricane hypothesis, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L16705 Emanuel, K., 1987: The dependence of hurricane intensity on climate, Nature, 326,


Emanuel, K., 2005: Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years,

Nature, 436, 686-688 EPA, 1999: Ecological Condition of Estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico, US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology Division, Gulf Breeze, FL, EPA-620-R-98-004

Fisk, H. N., 1944: Geological investigations of the alluvial valley of the lower Mississippi River, US Army Corps of Engineers, Mississippi River Commission, Vicksburg, Mississippi

Frazier, D. E., 1967: Recent deposits of the Mississippi River, their development and chronology, Transactions — Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies, 17, 287-315 Gosselink, J. G., 1984: The Ecology of Delta Marshes of Coastal Louisiana: A Community

Profile, FWS/OBS-84/09, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Slidell, Louisiana Gosselink, J. G., J. M. Coleman and R. E. Stewart, Jr, 1998: Coastal Louisiana, in M. J. Mac, P. A. Opler, C. E. Puckett Haecker and P. D. Doran (eds) Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources, 2 Vols, US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Reston, Va.

Gosselink, J. G., C. L. Cordes and J. W. Parsons, 1979: An Ecological Characterization Study of the Chenier Plain Coastal Ecosystem of Louisiana and Texas, Volume 1: FWS/ OBS-78/9, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Slidell, Louisiana

Graumann, A., T. Houston, J. Lawrimore, D. Levinson, N. Lott, S. McCown, S. Stephens and D. Wuertz, 2006: Hurricane Katrina: A Climatological Perspective, updated August 2006, Technical Report 2005-01, NOAA National Climate Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina ( Holland, G. J., 1997: The maximum potential intensity of tropical cyclones, Journal of

Atmospheric Sciences, 54, 2519-2541 Hoyos, C. D., P. A. Agudelo, P. J. Webster and J. A. Curry, 2006: Deconvolution of the factors contributing to the increase in global hurricane intensity, Science, 312, 94-97 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 2001: Changes in sea level, in J. J. McCarthy, O. F. Canziani, N. A. Leary, D. J. Dokken and K. S. White (eds) Climate Change 2001, The Scientific Basis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York

IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva

Kafatos, M., D. Sun, R. Gautam, Z. Boybeyi, R. Yang and G. Cervone, 2006: Role of anomalous warm gulf waters in the intensification of Hurricane Katrina, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L1780 Knutson, T. R., R. E. Tuleya and Y. Kurihara, 1998: Simulated increase of hurricane intensities in a CO2-warmed climate, Science, 279, 1018-1020 Krauss, K., J. L. Chambers and J. A. Allen, 1998: Salinity effects and differential germination of several half-sib families of baldcypress from different seed sources, New Forests, 15, 53-68 Krauss, K. W., J. L. Chambers, J. A. Allen, D. M. Soileau, Jr and A. S. DeBosier, 2000: Growth and nutrition of baldcypress families planted under varying salinity regimes in Louisiana, USA, Journal of Coastal Research, 16, 153-163 Landsea, C. W., B. A. Harper, K. Hoarau and J. A. Knaff, 2006: Can we detect trends in extreme tropical cyclones?, Science, 313, 452-454 Mann, M. E. and K. A. Emanuel, 2006: Atlantic hurricane trends linked to climate change, EOS: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 87(24), 233-244 Melillo, J. M., A. C. Janetos, T. R. Karl, R. W. Corell, E. J. Barron, V. Burkett, T. F. Cecich, K. Jacobs, L. Joyce, B. Miller, M. G. Morgan, E. A. Parson, R. G. Richels and D. S. Schimel, 2000: Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, Overview, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Morton, R. A., 1994: Texas barriers, in R. A. Davis (ed.) Geology of Holocene Barrier

Islands, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Morton, R. A., 2007: Historical Changes in the Mississippi-Alabama Barrier Islands and the Roles of Extreme Storms, Sea Level, and Human Activities, Open File Report 20071161, US Geological Survey, St Petersburg, Florida Morton, R. A. and R. L. Peterson, 2006: Coastal Classification Atlas, Central Texas Coastal Classification Maps—Aransas Pass to Mansfield Channel, Open File Report 2006-1096, US Geological Survey, St Petersburg, Florida Nicholls, R. J., P. P. Wong, V. Burkett, J. Codignotto, J. Hay, R. McLean, S. Ragoonaden and C. Woodroffe, 2007: Coastal Systems and Low-lying Areas, in IPCC, Climate Change Impacts, Adaptations and Vulnerability, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report, IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland, in press.

NOAA, 1997: Volume 4: Gulf of Mexico Estuarine Eutrophication Survey, Office of Ocean

Resources Conservation and Assessment, National Ocean Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce, Washington DC

NOAA, 2001: Sea level variations of the Unites States, 1854-1999, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Silver Spring, Maryland Onuf, C. P. 1995: The seagrass meadows of the Laguna Madre of Texas, in E. T. LaRoe, G. S. Farris and P. T. Doran (eds) Our Living Resources: A Report to the Nation on the Distribution, Abundance and Health of U. S. Plants, Animals and Ecosystems, US Department of Interior, National Biological Service, Washington DC Penland, S. and K. E. Ramsey, 1990: Relative sea-level rise in Louisiana and the Gulf of

Mexico: 1908-1988, Journal of Coastal Research, 6, 323-342 Pethick, J., 2001: Coastal management and sea-level rise, Catena, 42, 307-322 Pielke, R. A., Jr, 2005: Meteorology: Are there trends in hurricane destruction? Nature, 438, E11

Quammen, M. L. and C. P. Onuf, 1993: Laguna Madre: Seagrass changes continue decades after salinity reduction, Estuaries, 16, 302-310 Rabalais, N. N., R. E. Turner, Q. Dortch, W. J. Wiseman and B. K. Sen Gupta, 1996: Nutrient changes in the Mississippi River and System responses on the adjacent continental shelf, Estuaries, 19(2B), 386-407 Roach, E. R., M. C. Watzin and J. D. Scurry, 1987: Wetland changes in coastal Alabama, in T. A Lowery (ed.) Symposium on the Natural Resources of the Mobile Bay Estuary, Alabama Sea Grant Extension Service, Mobile, AL, MASGP-87-007 Roach, R., (Undated): Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program Alabama, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Daphne, AL (available at pdf).

Rybczyk, J. M. and D. R. Cahoon, 2002: Estimating the potential for submergence for two subsiding wetlands in the Mississippi River delta, Estuaries, 25, 985-998 Saito, Y., 2001: Deltas in Southeast and East Asia: Their evolution and current problems, Proceedings of the APN/SURVAS/LOICZ Joint Conference on Coastal Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation in the Asia — Pacific Region, 14-16 November 2000, Kobe, Japan, Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research, 185-191 Santer, B. D., T. M. L. Wigley, P. J. Gleckler, C. Bonfils, M. F. Wehner, K. AchutaRao, T. P. Barnett, J. S. Boyle, W. Bruggemann, M. Fiorino, N. Gillett, J. E. Hansen, P. D. Jones, S. A. Klein, G. A. Meehl, S. C. B. Raper, R. W. Reynolds, K. E. Taylor and W. M. Washington, 2006: Forced and unforced ocean temperature changes in Atlantic and Pacific tropical cyclogenesis regions, Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, 103,13905-13910

Savonis, M., V. R. Burkett and J. Potter, In Review: Impacts of climate change and variability on transportation systems and infrastructure: Gulf Coast Study, Phase 1, US Department of Transportation, Washington DC and US Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center, Lafayette, LA Scavia, D., J. C. Field, D. F. Boesch, R. W. Buddemeier, D. R. Cayan, V. Burkett, M. Fogarty, M. Harwell, R. Howarth, C. Mason, D. J. Reed, T. C. Royer, A. H. Sallenger and J. G. Titus, 2002: Climate change impacts on U.S. coastal and marine ecosystems, Estuaries, 25(2), 149-164

Schmid, K., 2001: Shoreline Erosion Analysis of Grand Bay Marsh, Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, Office of Geology, Jackson Scott, T. M., 2001: The Geologic Map of Florida, Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee,

Florida, Open File Report No. 80 Smith, T. M. and R. W. Reynolds, 2004: Improved extended reconstruction of SST

(1854-1997), Journal ofClimate, 17, 2466-2477 Thieler, E. R. and E. S. Hammar-Klose, 2000: National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast, US Geological Survey, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet (available at Tidwell, M., 2003: Bayou Farewell: The Rich Life and Tragic Death of Louisiana's Cajun

Coast, Pantheon, New York Trenberth, K. E. and D. J. Shea, 2006: Atlantic hurricanes and natural variability in

2005, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L12704 Twilley, R. R., E. Barron, H. L. Gholz, M. A. Harwell, R. L. Miller, D. J. Reed, J. B. Rose, E. Siemann, R. G. Welzel and R. J. Zimmerman, 2001: Confronting Climate Change in the Gulf Coast Region: Prospects for Sustaining Our Ecological Heritage, Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, MA and Ecological Society of America, Washington DC Waltham, T., 2002: Sinking cities, Geology Today, 18, 95-100

Webster, P. J., G. J. Holland, J. A. Curry and H. Chang, 2005: Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment, Science, 309, 1844-1846

Williams, K. L., K. C. Ewel, R. P. Stumpf, F. E. Putz and T. W. Workman, 1999: Sea-level rise and coastal forest retreat on the west coast of Florida, Ecology, 80, 2045-2063 Winker, C. D., 1991: Summary of Quaternary framework, northern Gulf of Mexico, Gulf Coast Section of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists 12th Annual Research Conference Proceedings, 280-284 White, W. A., 1970: The Geomorphology of the Florida Peninsula, Geological Bulletin No. 51, Bureau of Geology, Florida Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL

Woodroffe, C. D., 2003: Coasts: Form, Process and Evolution, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment