This problems and challenges discussed require a multidisciplinary and serious study, not only taking economy into account. It needs an integrated approach on economy, politics, ecology, social stability, sustainability and spatial planning. The method of energy potential mapping can be an important means to do so.
The threats of climate change and energy depletion can be used as a catalyst for sustainable redevelopment by founding spatial planning on climate change and local energy potentials, in accordance with an optimal usage of the energy cycle by means of the low-exergy principle. The local potentials for the generation of energy can be investigated by means of analyses of climatic conditions, landscape and land use typology, local natural, cultural and technical features, and existing 'hotspots' of energy and heat generation.
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