Spatial Planning and Construction

Strategies of spatial planning and urbanism need to pay attention to the effects of climate change especially in order to make the right decisions on inhabitation and the lay out of functions and activities. The adaptation possibilities and the prevention of the depletion of natural resources - and the negative impact on global climate -need to be a steering mechanism in spatial plans.

Within urban spaces green space (parks and gardens) is the most vulnerable part of the city where adaptation measures are equally important. The effects of climate change will be felt in the comfort of buildings. New climate scenarios need to be used for building directives as well as in realisation of buildings. Negative synergy effects of climate change in relation to the relatively widespread urban patterns in Spain need to be judged. The densities in relation to traffic, the use of energy and water and use of natural resources in general are dependent on the urban patterns designed.

In spatial planning the following actions will be determined:

• Development of good practices on the adaptation of urban designs;

• Support of bio-architecture, especially in public buildings;

• Definition of the most applicable species of plants in gardens and public spaces under new climate scenarios;

• Judgement and evaluation of the impact of low-density urbanism on the use of transport, energy and water.

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