In the United Kingdom a good practices guide has been collated (Land Use Consultants et al., 2006), in which guidelines and examples on adaptation measures in the urban environment are presented. These examples are meant for project developers and designers and focus on different levels of scale and different phases of the design process. In the guide, design examples are conducted for three illustrative areas: a town centre (Bedford), a location in the city of London and for an expansion area (Isle of Sheppey).
The problems in the centre of Bedford, which are caused or intensified by climate change, are river flooding, sliding of soil - under buildings, shortage of water and the heat island effect. The measures in the Master Plan (Fig. 7.27) are meant to minimise these effects. A connected system of public spaces is created, which is
The design of the buildings is climate proof as well (Fig. 7.28). Inside the buildings natural ventilation is used, enough shade is created by solar prevention and large projections outside the buildings and in the southern façades small windows are used. Balconies offer not only shade for the level below, but create also outside space for the dwellings. Finally, green planting optimises the microclimate.
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