Conclusion

In order to protect ecological values European and National directives and policies focus on the protection of existing species or the preservation of the habitats they live. The directives are described in detail and the spatial translation of these policies are described exactly and localised in great detail. The result of this approach is a system, which seem definitely established and difficult to change. The future development of a certain area is determined by a once defined surface or the amount of animals. Politicians find it difficult to deviate from once made decisions, especially if these decisions were made with a lot of effort.

The attempts to fixate a certain future ecological value in a certain area, based on existing habitats and species becomes, with an increasing pace of climate change

Fig. 5.30 The Wadden as climate buffer (Source: Bureau Stroming, 2006)

more and more inappropriate. Other adaptation strategies are necessary in order to deal better with uncertainties. Alternative strategies, which facilitate flexibility and aim to strengthen the natural functioning of the ecological system, need to be used. These strategies focus on internal consistence and improving the ecological quality by the increase of the capacity and the strengthening of the connectivity. If the total capacity can be enlarged, for instance through a better connectivity, the chances are larger for ecosystems to survive under changing conditions and the chances are larger that areas are able to function in a natural way: natural landscape forming processes get the chance to develop the area and make valuable areas resilient against climate change, no matter which species makes use of the area in the future. Strong and strict regulations prevent this development from happening.

Table 5.2 Contributions of the landscape types to a climate proof Netherlands

Type climate buffer

Table 5.2 Contributions of the landscape types to a climate proof Netherlands

Type climate buffer

Criteria

River landscapes

Estuaries

Dune landscapes

Higher sand Lower peat and hilly landscapes landscapes

Primary

Water system

+

+

+

++

++

effects

Nature

++

++/+

++

+

++

Safety

++

+

++

+

++

Economy

0

0/+

0/+

0/+

+

Living

+

0

0

-/+

0/+

environment

Secondary

Living

+

+

+

+

+

effects

Recreation

+

+

++

+

+

Cultural-

+

0

+

+

++

history

Adaptability

Scale

0

0

+

+

++

Time

0/+

+

+

+

+

Source: Andriesse et al. (2007)

Source: Andriesse et al. (2007)

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment