Comparison of Strategies

Comparison of the different national strategies (Table 1.3) learns that every country puts its own accents in the strategy, depending the specific regional changes, the geography of the country, the existing functions and the cultural dimensions. The Netherlands takes a participative multi-partner approach, both within the governmental arena as in conjunction with market or societal partners. The geography leads to a strong focus on the coast, rivers, water management and the countryside. The Netherlands show a strong emphasis on the way adaptation plays a role and becomes a part of spatial planning (processes). The UK organises the issue a bit

Table. 1.3 Comparison of the adaptation strategies on key issues

NL

UK

ES

DK

JAP

SF

Year of publication

2007

2002

2006

2008

2008

2005

Government/partnership

G+P

G

G

G

G

G+P

Cross ministerial

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Regulations and rules

X

X

Sectoral/integral

I

I

S

S

S

S

Thematic focus

Coast

X

X

Rivers

X

Agriculture

X

Forestry

X

X

Energy

X

Ecology/biodiversity

X

X

Water

X

X

X

Urban environment

X

X

Health

X

X

X

Evacuation

X

Disaster planning

X

Experts/science

X

X

X

Spatial planning

Yes

Yes

Communication/PR

X

more hierarchal, initiated from a separate group of researchers. The stakeholders are involved later in the process. In the UK the urban environment is a major issue, both from a water management point of view as well as from the heat island effect issue. In Spain the adaptation strategy is to be implemented through the different sectors. The government has a strong role in the process and clear accents are on spatial planning. The main themes in Spain are water, ecology and the coast. The Danish strategy contains both sectoral as well as cross-cutting policies. The translation into spatial planning is weak and the most important role for the implementation of adaptation policies and measures is delegated to the municipality level. In Japan the most important issue are clearly country-coloured: a strong emphasis on the urban environment/heat stress, disaster planning and cultural factors. There is not much focus on spatial planning. Instead, there seems to be a strong belief in the power of assessments. The Finnish strategy is very detailed and thoroughly executed. Adaptation is seen mainly per sector and the responsibility for implementation of measures is laid down by many parties both governmental as non-governmental. Less attention lies on spatial planning or a more integrated project-wise approach. Strong focus on Finland specific themes, like forestry and ecology.

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