CO2 Capture

The principle of human influence on the climate is quite simple: prehistoric lush jungles that captured carbon dioxide (CO2) over millions of years evolved into fossil fuels, which are again converted into CO2 in a time period of two centuries. To

Fig. 6.21 Overlay map of potentials for the provision of heat and cold in Groningen (Source: Dobbelsteen et al., 2007a)

compensate for that, new jungles should thrive another couple of million years, but this time man obstructs the natural regeneration of plants. A 4-steps strategy may be

1. Avoid emission of CO2 by energy-saving and sustainable energy resources;

2. Make CO2 useful in industrial and horticultural processes;

3. Compensate for CO2 emissions by planting trees and other green absorbers;

4. Storing CO2 underground

This last option is possible in emptying gas fields that are not watered out after abandonment. Figure 6.22 summarises the last three options for the province of Groningen. The gas drill-holes are again given.

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