References

Bergsma, G.C., Croezen, H.J., Blom, M.J. and Rooijers, F.J. (2006) HetEnergieAgri Clustervoor het Transitie Alternatief (EAC) - in het kader van het Zuiderzeelijn project CE Delft, Delft Capgemini (2006) Onderzoek naar de structuur en het niveau van elektriciteitsprijzen voor Noordwest-Europese grootverbruikers Capgemini Utrecht Dam, A.P. van (2007) Gasunie Gastransport Services (januari 2007) e-mail interview Dienst Landelijk Gebied (DLG) Groningen (2004) Landbouwstructuuronderzoek Groningen -...

Impacts of Climate Change in Japan

The observed and projected impacts of climate change are described for several sectors The impacts on food (agriculture, livestock and fisheries) contain changes in the rice production, Ukikawa symptoms (detached fruit skin and flesh) in mandarin and grapes due to high temperature and delayed seaweed harvests due to a later cooling down of water temperatures in autumn. It is expected that poor ripening of rice increases, a shift northward will take place for apple cultivation lands (Fig. 1.38),...

Wind

Energy can be reaped from the wind almost everywhere, but in contrast to the sun, geomorphological aspects play an important role in local wind characteristics. A Fig. 6.10 Energy intensity of solar radiation in the Netherlands (KNMI) Fig. 6.10 Energy intensity of solar radiation in the Netherlands (KNMI) generic image of the wind speed can be drawn from maps such as Fig. 6.11. At lower heights impediments of greenery and buildings define wind patterns and its strength, which can locally be...

Urban Flood Management in Dordrecht

The municipality of Dordrecht is partner in the international UFM (Urban Flood Management) project, together with Hamburg and London (Herk, 2007). The objective of the project is to adjust spatial designs to deal with a possible flood. As the Fig. 7.6 Increase of the flexibility of the urban water system and extraordinary buildings (Source Baca Architects, London, 2007) Fig. 7.6 Increase of the flexibility of the urban water system and extraordinary buildings (Source Baca Architects, London,...

Energy Potential Mapping 621 Background

The methodology of energy potential maps evolved during the research process of the Grounds for Change project (Noorman et al., 2006 Roggema et al., 2006a).4 Main aim of this project was to find a sustainable energy system for the Northern Netherlands (Frisia, Groningen and Drenthe) for the year 2035 and the spatial consequences of this. The northern region has always played an important role in the energy provision of the Netherlands during the 19th century large areas of peat were colonised...

Design Adaptation to Climate Change

Abstract The adaptation to climate change is well represented in strategies, policies and the media. It can even be found in sectoral measures, but integrated designs for adapted spatial plans are hardly available. This is curious, because adaptation to climate change needs to be implemented and realised mainly through spatial patterns and lay out. Several reasons may cause this. It may be plausible that the subject is just recently put on the political agenda, which makes it just a matter of...

Isle of Dogs in the City of London

In the city of London, at the Isle of Dogs climate problems like river flooding, heat island effect and water shortages converge. In the design for the area (Fig. 7.29) measures are proposed to minimise or reduce these effects. Water basins and enough public spaces are realised and in the urban design shade is created. In and around buildings (Fig. 7.30) an attractive public space, with many cafes and vegetation is designed. In order to guarantee a pleasant climate during hot summers shopping...

Chinese Experience

Looking at the three Chinese projects the first element to be mentioned is hat these three projects are sustainable building demonstration projects. This simple fact makes it logical that in the plans a relatively big attention is for the adaptation to the effects of climate change. However, the majority of the developments probably show a lack of attention to this subject. Fig. 2.41 The water, electricity and sewage solutions (Source Bing et al., 2008b) Fig. 2.41 The water, electricity and...