List of Abbreviations

Al

Aluminum

AP

Acidification potential

AR4

Forth Assessment Report of IPPC

at4

Respiration activity coefficient

BtL

Biomass-to-liquid

CCS

Carbon Capture and Storage

CDM

Clean Development Mechanisms

CDP

Carbon Disclosure Project

CFC

Chlorofluorohydrocarbons

CH4

Methane

CO

Carbon monoxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CO2-eq.

Carbon dioxide equivalents

COP

Conference of Parties

DayEmit

Methane emission rate

d.m.

Dry matter

DME

Dimethylether

DSD

Duales System Deutschland

EC

European Commission

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EJ

Exajoule; 1018 J

EMIC

Earth model of intermediate complexity

EOR

Enhanced oil recovery

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ETBE

Ethyl-Tertio-Butyl-Ether

EU

European Union

EU-15

European Union (15 member states)

EU-23

European Union (23 member states)

FCCC

Framework Convention on Climate Change

Fe

Iron

FGD

Flue gas desulfurisation

GB21

Gas generation coefficient

HDPE

ICSU

IPCC

JAMA

KAMA

LDPE

LLDPE

MTBE

NADW

NMVOC NP

OECD

PCOP

PECVD

Gross Domestic Product

Gross energy intake

Greenhouse gas

Gross National Product

Gigatons; 1012 kg; 109 t

Global Warming Potential

High density polyethylene

Hydrofluoroether

Fluorinated hydrocarbons

International Council of Scientific Unions

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

International Organization for Standardization

Japan Automobile Manufacturer Association

Joint Implementation

Kelvin

Korean Automobile Manufacturer Association

Kilogramm

Life cycle assessment

Low density polyethylene

Landfill gas

Linear low density polyethylene

Mechanical-biological pre-treatment of residual waste

Million; 106

Max Planck Institute

Municipal solid waste

Methyl-Tertio-Butyl-Ether

North Atlantic Deep Water

National Emission Inventory

Non methane volatile organic carbon

Nutrition potential

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Ozone depletion potential

Precipitated calcium carbonate

Photochemical oxidation potential

Plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition

Polyethylenetherephthalat

Perfluorocarbon ppb Parts per billion ppm Parts per million

RDF Refuse derived fuel

RFI Radiative Forcing Index

RFS Renewable Fuels Standard

RTO Regenerative thermal oxidation

SAR Second Assessment Report

SETAC Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SF6 Sulfur Hexafluoride

SRES Special Report on Emission Scenarios

SWCC Second World Climate Conference t Ton; 103 kg

TAR Third Assessment Report of IPPC

TOC Total organic carbon

UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNEP United Nations Environmental Programme

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

VEETC Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit

WARM Waste Reduction Model

WBGU German Global Change Advisory Council

WCRP World Climate Research Programme

WMO World Meteorological Organisation

WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development

WtE Waste to energy

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