Studied locations

Thirty-seven separate locations (Fig. 33.1) were chosen to present the spread effects of climate change and to determine the more sensitive areas to changes in climate. There are 28 stations that are supervised by PME and have continuous records of hourly and daily observations. The need arises to adopt other locations to have a better representation of the area. Reanalysis data (ERA40) are used as a historical data for those stations as well as each of the six regions. PME data are used as historical data for available stations.

Meteorological Stations in relation to tne Defined Regions of Study

Meteorological Stations in relation to tne Defined Regions of Study

Climate Solar Simulator
Fig. 33.1 Study area is divided into 6 regions inside which 37 locations are selected represented by black dots.
Table 33.2 PRECIS simulation weighted area daily values for 30 years spanning the years 1961-1990 compared to the ERA40 reanalysis observed values for the same period._

Climate fields

Statistical means

Standrd deviation

PRECIS

Observed

PRECIS

Observed

Temperature

21.98

23.97

5.49

4.54

Precipitation

1.16

1.50

1.45

1.73

Evaporation

2.17

2.22

2.29

1.87

Wind speeds

4.56

4.42

1.70

1.44

Runoff

0.0029

0.0028

0.011

0.014

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Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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