Machining and metalworking process and wastes

The common types of metal cutting processes are broaching, cutting, drilling, forging, grinding, milling, planing, polishing, reaming, sawing, shaping, stamping, threading, and turning. In most cases, the cutting tool travels along the surface of the work piece and shaves off the metal in front of it. The high friction at the cutting edge of the blades creates heat. If allowed to become excessive, this heat can permanently deform the part that is being formed, or the cutting tool. To prevent this undesirable effect, some form of coolant is needed. Usually, a liquid is supplied to the leading edge of the blade to create a medium with which the heat can be moved to a coolant sump. The major hazardous wastes from metal machining are waste cutting oils and degreasing solvents. Metal shavings are usually recycled as scrap metal. Metal chips are separated from coolants and recycled as scrap metal (Vardar, 2004).

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