Carbon sequestration in land ecosystems refers to the clear abstraction of the atmospheric carbon and to the interception of CO2 emission production from land ecosystems. Carbon sequestration can be accomplished mainly due to the stabilization of the photosynthesis, the alteration in land use, in a way that this will lead to lower carbon emissions and the use of the biomass as fuel. There are two major approaches on the land ecosystem sequestration: i) the ecosystems protection and maintenance and ii) the ecosystem administration in order to reinforce the carbon sequestration through the increase of the carbon content in the soil, in the subsoil, and in the biomass.
There are several techniques of increasing the carbon content in soil and in subsoil, the dominant of which are as follows: i) increase of carbon density in the soil, ii) increase of the mass and the depth of the trees roots, and iii) minimization of the decay rate. The above can be implemented through soil improvements such as fertilization, decay control, efficient watering, and soil modification, through the cultivation of specific corps, the biotechnology, and the molecular genetics.
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