DV

and the isothermal compressibility, kt = —

v the coefficient of thermal expansion, i ( dv

— I of substances, dp Jt can be measured. Using these parameters and since thermodynamic properties are mathematically well-behaved functions, namely the order of differentiation does not make any difference, i.e., can be measured. Using these parameters and since thermodynamic properties are mathematically well-behaved functions, namely the order of differentiation does not make any difference, i.e.,

fdz y

f di

'dZ y"

_ dX

_ drl

M J_

the elimination of the non-measurable properties becomes simple.

In general, the Maxwell relations are obtained from {dZ=M dX + N dY}

the elimination of the non-measurable properties becomes simple.

In general, the Maxwell relations are obtained from {dZ=M dX + N dY}

V dV, paring this equation to the Gibbs' equation, {dU=T dS - p dV}, it is seen that v

| dU| = T and ( ■dU| =-p . Additionally, using the above property, we can

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Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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