Discussion

The objective of this work has been the brief analysis of the dominant carbon sequestration techniques. In order to characterize a carbon sequestration method sustainable, it has to be economically comparative, environmentally friendly, a safe technique, and able to store the sequestrated carbon efficiently for a large period of time. The recent developments are promising, but there is much to be done. For instance, the behavior of the sequestrated carbon is not entirely understood. The analysis of the reaction of the local environment and its bioecology is not an easy task. The data availability for many methods are in early stages and the possible environmental impacts are in question. Additionally, the implementation and operating costs of the majority of the sequestration methods are not feasible and together some of them consume fossil fuels which produce CO2. Also, there are negative reactions from non-government organizations for the implementation of the carbon sequestration methods.

To overcome these restraints, small-scale experiments, pilot programs, and laboratory modeling of the sequestration fields are urgent. Additionally, there must be a new policy aiming to the public information about the benefits of these technologies and financing the research and the development.

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