The greatest effect of CSLR will be the increased risk of inundation around the estuary, the lower rivers, and the Anzali Lagoon. The Anzali Lagoon is associated with the greater frequency of extreme tidal water levels. For example, the estimated rise in the Caspian Sea levels by 2016 would lead to changes in water levels, the protection ability provided, and ecological functions of the Anzali Lagoon. The existing protection provided by minimum ground and floor levels will also be progressively reduced.
The CSLR predictions are a complex and multi-faceted issue. Response to this issue requires actions on a variety of fronts and at many levels of government. Only in combination will these semi-independent steps be enough to change the trajectory of climate change, allow societies to adapt to the unavoidable changes, and decrease climate change impacts.
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