We followed IPCC Tire 2 method for N2O estimation. The specific calculation is as follows:

Livestock husbandry part

Amount of livestock excreta N (Nexcreta), volatilization (Nvolatilization), utilized part (Nuse), and disposed part (Ndisposed) were calculated as follows:

Nvolatilizationi = Nexcretai * V - N2Oexcreta (40.2)

Nusei' = (Nexcreta' - Nvolatilizationi) * Ui (40.3)

Ndisposedi _ (N excreta - Nvolatilization0 * (1 " Ui) (40.4)

where BU is the basic unit of N excrement per head of each kind of livestock, V is N volatilization rate (%), and U is utilization rate (%) of each kind of livestock in each year. N2Oexcreta is described below.

Crop production part

Chemical N fertilizer (Nchemical) and manure (Nmanure) application for each kind of crop were calculated as follows:

where A is planted area, CF is chemical N fertilizer application per planted area, and AR is rate of application for each crop type.

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Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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