Spatial Arrangement of Vegetation

The homestead irrespective of ecologically distinct locations has a multilayered spatial arrangement of vegetation (Fig. 16.7). Vegetation layer varies from homestead to homestead, which may usually range from three to five (Yoshino 1996; Ahmed 1999; Bashar 1999; Basak 2002; Hussain and Miah 2004) and even up to

Fig. 16.5 Backyard of a homestead with vegetables, fruit, and timber species
Fig. 16.6 Homestead boundary having trees and shrubs with varying canopy structures

six (Millat-e-Mustafa et al. 1996). The first layer is within 1 m height from the ground and is composed of vegetables, tuber crops, and other herbaceous plants. Shade-tolerant plant species like pineapple, turmeric, ginger, taro, etc., belongs to this stratum. The second layer (above 1-5 m) and third layer (5-10 m) are almost continuous and overlapping. Banana, papaya, lime, lemon, guava, pomegranate,

Fig. 16.7 Spatial arrangement of vegetation in a homestead showing 5-6 different layers of plant species

drumstick, jujube, carambola, lotkan, olive, amloki, and other medium-sized trees form these layers. The fourth layer (10-16 m) is composed of medium-tall-sized fruit and forest trees such as jackfruit, mango, litchi, betel nut, hog plum, ghora-neem, arjun, koroi, shimul, kadam, etc. The fifth and the topmost layer (above 16 m) is composed of tall trees such as palmyra palm, coconut (tall variety), jamun, eucalyptus, tetul, and rajkori.

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