Vinyl Chloride

Note: Carbon tetrachloride was measured also.

Emissions Increased from 0 gm/day at baseline to 0.81 gm/day and 6.6 gm/day at 11% and 14%, respectively.

11%TDF 14%TDF

Figure 4-10. Percent change in VOC emissions when burning TDF at Holnam/Ideal Cement, Seattle, WA.12 (Concluded)

Table 4-3. Effect of Burning TDF on HAP Emissions from Holnam/Ideal Cement, Seattle, WA12-'

lllltffll

100X Coal, 11% TDF 14X TDF

Pollutant OX TDF _

lllltffll

100X Coal, 11% TDF 14X TDF

Pollutant OX TDF _

Wtttu

lb x 10-*/ MMBtU

X Chang*

lb x 10"*/ watu

X Change

Acsnap*thane

2.76

2.01

-27

2.06

-26

AcanaphthyIana

0.22

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

Anthracene

2.46

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

Benzo(b)Anthracene

9.88

0.00

-100

0.00

•100

Benzoic Acid

10.46

0.00

•100

0.00

•100

Benzo(a)Pyrene

2.04

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

Benzo(g,h,iJPerylene

0.00

3.11

HA

10.33

MA

Bis(2 Chloroethoxy) Hethane

222.42

173.45

-22

275.75

♦24

Butyl benzyl Phthalata

5.98

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

Dibenz(g,h) Anthracene

106.69

47.67

-55

67.17

-37

Di-M-Butylphthalate

2.23

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

1,2-0ichtorobenzene

3.21

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

2,4-Oinitrotoluene

13.37

9.97

-25

9.00

-33

Fluorene

7.65

7.03

-8

7.12

-7

Hexach I orobenzene

73.49

40.42

-45

53.46

-27

Naphthalene

340.00

178.94

-47

159.20

-53

2-Mitroanaline

4.67

0.00

-100

5.02

♦7

H-Hitroaodiphenyl-aaine

90.81

47.60

•48

49.92

-45

Pyrene

4.97

2.38

-52

2.23

-55

1,2,4-Trichloro-benzene

17.45

2.57

-85

0.00

-100

4,6-0initro-2-Methyl phenol

5.53

0.00

-100

0.00

-100

4-Nethyl Phenol

19.55

9.13

-53

15.28

-22

2-Nitrophenol

194.99

169.18

-13

172.12

-12

4-Mitrophenol

0.00

49.62

NA

29.77

MA

Pent achIorophenoI

0.00

0.00

MA

0.00

MA

Phenol

320.95

161.04

-50

306.71

-4

2,4,5-Trichloro-phenol

0.00

0.00

NA

0.00

MA

* Uat process, coal-fired, cement kiln controlled by an ESP.

* Uat process, coal-fired, cement kiln controlled by an ESP.

Table 4-4. Effect of Burning 15 Percent TDF in a Gas-fired Rotary Lime Kiln Boise Cascade, Wallula, WA18'*

Pollutant

100% Gas-Fired lbxl 0 MMBtu

lbxl 0"6/MMBtu

Change

Organicsb

Anthracene Phenanthrene Fluoranthene Pyrene Benzo(a)-

Anthracene Chrysene Benzo(b)Fluoranthene Benzo(k)Fluoranthene

Metals

Arsenic

Copper

Zinc

Iron

Nickel

Chromium

Cadmium

Lead

Vanadium Barium

" Kiln emissions are controlled by a variable throat venturi scrubber, 27-29 in. H,0.18 b Also measured, but not detected with or without (TDF) were naphthalene, acenaphthalene, benzo(a)pyrene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene.

ORGAN1CS

ORGAN1CS

Vanadium Barium

Vanadium Barium

Zinc

Nota: Alao maaaurad, but not datactedwtlft Of without TDF, ware naphthalan«, aconaphthalana, banzo(a)pyrarM, dltranzo(a,h)anthracano, banzo(ghi)paiy lone, and indano (1,2,3-cd)pyrane.

Figure 4-11. Percent change in emissions when burning 15% TDF in a gas-fired rotary lime kiln controlled by a venturi scrubber.18

Table 4-5. Emissions Estimates for Calaveras Cement Kiln Stack While Burning Twenty (20) Percent TDF21

Compound

Emission Factor grams/ton clinker grams/MMBtu

Emission

Metals

Arsenic

3.63

X 10*3

7.4 X 10"*

Beryllium

5.33

X 10**

1.1 X 10*

Cadmium

6.63

X 10*3

1.4 X 10*3

Chromium (hex)

3.00

X 10**

6.2 X 10*5

Copper

6.20

X 10*3

1.3 X 10'3

Lead

1.88

X 10*2

3.9 X 10*3

Manganese

4.96

X 10*2

1.0 X 10*2

Mercury

4.33

X 10*2

8.9 X 10*3

Nickel

8.52

X 10"2

1.7 X 10*2

Selenium

2.12

X 10*2

4.3 X 10*3

Zinc

3.

79

7.8 X 10*1

Formaldehyde

2.98

1.8

Benzene

1.0 X 10*1

U. 1/

Dioxins/Furans

4.2 X

10*7

2.5 X 10"7

PAH's (total)

2.9 X

10*'

1.8 X 10"1

Phenols

___?

6.8 X

10 z

4.0 X 10*2

Chlorobenzenes

2.8 X

10*3

1.7 X 10*2

Radionuclides

7.5 X

lo*7

4.5 X 10*7

Crystalline

Silica

4.5 X

: 10*1

9.2 X 10*2

Toluene

3.80 X

10 2

2.3 X 10*2

Xylene (p + m)

1.85 X

10-2

1.1 X 10*2

Xylene (o)

1.85 X

10*2

1.1 X 10*2

Actealdehyde

1.86

1.1

PCB

5.0 X

10**

3.0 X 10"*

Table 4-5. (Concluded)

Emission Factor

Compound grams/ton clinker grams/MMBtu

Emission

Hydrogen flouride

Hydrogen chloride

Vinyl chloride

Methylene chloride

Chloroform

1,2-dichloroethane

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