Sugarbeet and wheat are grown extensively in the Rhine Basin. Sugarbeet is planted in April and harvested in October. Potential yields are around 60 t/ha and average crop prices are about €40 per tonne, depending on the sugar content of the beet (IRS, 2003). These high yields combined with a reasonable price makes sugarbeet an attractive crop. Somewhat less profitable, but essential in the crop rotational pattern, is wheat. In most cases varieties requiring a cold period are used and are therefore planted around October or November. World prices for wheat have been reasonably high recently, at around €0.13 per kilogram, but farmers in the Rhine Basin can always rely on an agreed minimum price from the European Union, which is currently at €0.10 per kilogram (EC, 2003; FAO, 2003a).

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