Involving stakeholders at the local and regional levels

Adaptation to climate change and variability faces the inherent challenge that the climate is driven by complex global processes, but that ultimately adaptations have to be implemented at the local level to tackle the impacts of climate change on daily life. Participation of local actors is a prerequisite for a broadly supported local adaptation plan. At the same time, the sub-regional or basin level offers a better prospect for mobilizing policy interest, as this is the common scale for planning, corresponding to the policy makers' mandate. Science has thus far failed to effectively communicate its knowledge and insights on the global causes and local impacts of climate change and climate variability to policy makers and the public. Science and policy makers have only just started to involve stakeholders in their scientific approaches and adaptation policy development.

Adaptation to the impacts of climate change will be realized by: (i) increasing the resilience of communities through targeted discussions between stakeholders, (ii)

strengthening research, knowledge and public awareness on climate change and water resources through learning and communication between researchers and other stakeholders, and (iii) further development of participatory approaches at regional and local levels in the field through integrated (impact) assessment and cost-benefit assessment.

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