Water-related industry in the Syr Darya Basin is confined to hydropower generation only. Since 1970, the Syr Darya (which was navigable up to the mountain foothills) has not been used for transport purposes due to the drastic decrease of river stream flow caused by the overexploitation of water for irrigation purposes and the construction of numerous dams. Population growth in the basin would certainly be related to higher demands for hydropower production. Currently there are several new hydropower plants under construction in upstream Kyrgyzstan territories.

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